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Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice, Second Edition is designed to enhance readers' skills in making well-informed, ethical decisions. Making such decisions is no easy task. Decisions are made in uncertain, changing environments with time pressures. Interested parties, such as the pharmaceutical industry, spend millions of dollars to influence decisions made. Drawing on a wide range of related literature, this book describes common pitfalls in clinical reasoning as well as strategies for avoiding them--sometimes called mind-tools. Mental health and allied professionals will come away from this text with knowledge of how classification decisions, a focus on pathology, and reliance on popularity can cause errors. Hazards involved in data collection and team decision making such as groupthink are discussed.
Part 1 provides an overview of the context in which clinicians make decisions.
Part 2 describes common sources of error.
Part 3 describes decision aids including the process of evidence-based practice.
Part 4 describes the application of related content to different helping phases including assessment, intervention, and evaluation.
Part 5 suggests obstacles to making well-informed decisions and how to encourage lifelong learning.
This new Second Edition has been completely updated with expanded coverage on:
Part I: Lay of the Land.
l The Need for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice.
2 Sources of Influence on Decisions That Clinicians Make.
3 Reasons and Reasoning: The Heart of Making Decisions.
4 Different Views of Knowledge and How to Get It: Exploring Your Personal Epistemology.
Part II: Common Sources of Error.
5 The Influence of Language and Persuasion Strategies.
6 Formal and Informal Fallacies: Mistakes in Thinking and How to Avoid Them.
7 Classification, Pseudoauthority, and Focusing on Pathology.
Part III: Decision Aids.
8 Content and Procedural Knowledge.
9 Taking Advantage of Research on Judgment, Problem Solving, and Decision Making.
10 Evidence-Based Practice: A Philosophy and Process for Thinking Ethically and Critically about Decisions.
11 Posing Questions and Searching for Answers.
12 Critical Appraisal of Practice-Related Research: The Need for Skepticism.
Part IV: Applying Critical Thinking Skills to Clinical Decisions.
13 Making Decisions About Data Collection.
14 Discovering Causes of Clients’ Problems: Common Biases.
15 Predictions about Clients and Treatment Effectiveness: Improving the Odds.
16 Enhancing the Quality of Case Conferences, Team Meetings, and Organizational Culture.
Part V: The Future.
17 Overcoming Personal Obstacles to Critical Thinking.
18 Maintaining Critical Thinking Skills.
About the Author.