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The knowledge and skills of critical thinking, evidence-based practice, problem solving, judgment, and decision making are essential to effectively serve clients in all types of clinical practices. This book teaches clinicians and students how to avoid fallacies and biases in thinking as well as the skills to make well-informed, ethical decisions. Grounded in the belief that clinical decision making is a challenging process that can be improved by honing the skills integral to evidence-based practice, this book explores common sources of error and provides psychologists, counselors, social workers, and allied health professionals practical guidance with decision aids and applications of critical thinking skills to clinical decision making.
Part I: Lay of the Land.
l The Need for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice.
2 Sources of Influence on Decisions That Clinicians Make.
3 Reasons and Reasoning: The Heart of Making Decisions.
4 Different Views of Knowledge and How to Get It: Exploring Your Personal Epistemology.
Part II: Common Sources of Error.
5 The Influence of Language and Persuasion Strategies.
6 Formal and Informal Fallacies: Mistakes in Thinking and How to Avoid Them.
7 Classification, Pseudoauthority, and Focusing on Pathology.
Part III: Decision Aids.
8 Content and Procedural Knowledge.
9 Taking Advantage of Research on Judgment, Problem Solving, and Decision Making.
10 Evidence-Based Practice: A Philosophy and Process for Thinking Ethically and Critically about Decisions.
11 Posing Questions and Searching for Answers.
12 Critical Appraisal of Practice-Related Research: The Need for Skepticism.
Part IV: Applying Critical Thinking Skills to Clinical Decisions.
13 Making Decisions About Data Collection.
14 Discovering Causes of Clients’ Problems: Common Biases.
15 Predictions about Clients and Treatment Effectiveness: Improving the Odds.
16 Enhancing the Quality of Case Conferences, Team Meetings, and Organizational Culture.
Part V: The Future.
17 Overcoming Personal Obstacles to Critical Thinking.
18 Maintaining Critical Thinking Skills.
About the Author.