Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice: Improving the Quality of Judgments and Decisions / Edition 2

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Overview

The knowledge and skills of critical thinking, evidence-based practice, problem solving, judgment, and decision making are essential to effectively serve clients in all types of clinical practices. This book teaches clinicians and students how to avoid fallacies and biases in thinking as well as the skills to make well-informed, ethical decisions. Grounded in the belief that clinical decision making is a challenging process that can be improved by honing the skills integral to evidence-based practice, this book explores common sources of error and provides psychologists, counselors, social workers, and allied health professionals practical guidance with decision aids and applications of critical thinking skills to clinical decision making.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...she has produced an ambitious and impressively comprehensivebook that belongs in the library of every clinician and in thebackpack of every graduate student." (PsycCRITIQUES)

"The book does work best as a reference: each topic is aseparate research area in its own right" (Evidence BasedMedicine)

"Anyone seeking a succinct, well-written, easy-to-read survey offaculty reasoning and how to cure it should look no further.Gambrill's book should be the required text for any course incritical thinking for psychotherapists, a course urgently needed byevery psychiatric, clinical psychology, and social work trainingprogram in existence today." (Skeptical Inquirer)

"Clinical training programs cannot discount the importance ofcritical thinking or the knowledge and skills that it requires. Itis hard to justify the absence of a course focusing on thewide-ranging material woven together in Critical Thinking inClinical Practice. By supplying a model textbook for such a course,Gambrill has made a valuable contribution." (ContemporaryPsychology)

"[Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice] is essentialreading for all who aspire to improve the quality of clinicalpractice. In some respects, this book might be called "the thinkingsocial worker's guide to improved practice." The very questionsthat are raised by Gambrill are as important as the answers thatshe proposes." (Research in Social Work Practice)

"For the research instructor, this volume presents a potentialbridge for the gap between research and practice. It would be anideal text for a course that would focus on how critical thinkingthat employs research concepts and methods can improve clinicaldecision making. In addition, readers are provided with a varietyof approaches to monitor and improve their decision making skills."(Social Work in Health Care)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471471189
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/10/2006
  • Edition description: Revised Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 648
  • Product dimensions: 1.44 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 10.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Eileen Gambrill is the Hutto Patterson Professor of Child and Family Studies at the School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, where she teaches both research and practice. Her research and writing cover professional decision making, evidence-informed practice, the role of critical thinking, propaganda in the helping professions and its harmful effects, and the ethics of helping. She presents nationally and internationally on the topics of critical thinking, evidence-informed practice, and the ethics of helping.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix

Part I: Lay of the Land

1 The Need for Critical Thinking in Clinical Practice 3

2 Sources of Influence on Clinical Decisions 29

3 R easons and Reasoning: The Heart of Making Decisions 57

4 Different Views of Knowledge and How to Get It: Exploring YourPersonal Epistemology 87

Part II: Common Sources of Error

5 The Influence of Language and Persuasion Strategies 131

6 Formal and Informal Fallacies: Mistakes in Thinking and How toAvoid Them 155

7 Classification, Authority, and Focusing on Pathology 181

Part III: Decision Aids

8 Content and Procedural Knowledge 209

9 Taking Advantage of Research on Judgment, Problem Solving, andDecision Making 239

10 Evidence-Based Practice: A Philosophy and Process for MakingInformed Decisions 275

11 Posing Questions and Searching for Answers 297

12 Critical Appraisal of Practice- and Policy-Related Research:The Need for Skepticism 335

Part IV: Applying Critical Thinking Skills to ClinicalDecisions 13 Making Decisions About Data Collection 377

14 Discovering Causes of Clients’ Problems: Common Biases409

15 Making Predictions: Improving the Odds 453

16 Enhancing the Quality of Case Conferences, Team Meetings, andOrganizational Culture 481

Part V: The Future

17 Overcoming Personal Obstacles to Critical Thinking 509

18 Maintaining Critical Thinking Skills 533

References 549

About the Author 623

Author Index 625

Subject Index 641

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