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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Deborah J. Hess, PhD, RN (Miami University)
Description: This second edition relates critical thinking to the nursing process and the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions and Classification, the Nursing Intervention Classification (NIC), and the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC).
Purpose: The purpose is to help beginning students of nursing use critical thinking skills when using the nursing process.
Audience: This textbook would be an appropriate choice for young traditional college students.
Features: This is a description of how nurses use critical thinking skills throughout the traditional nursing process. The authors conceptualize thinking into five modes: total recall, habits, inquiry, new ideas and creativity, and knowing how you think. These five modes of thinking are used to represent a broad definition of critical thinking. Students are encouraged to remember these modes with the mnemonic T.H.I.N.K. The authors do an excellent job explaining how the professional nurse uses critical thinking in the work environment. The appendixes for NANDA nursing diagnoses, NIC taxonomy, NOC and measurement scales, and tracking nursing thinking checklists are quite helpful. While an effort is made to make this an interactive text, the "Action Learning Exercises" rely on the more traditional pedagogy of having the student read, reflect, and write. The cartoon illustrations and style of some of the writing may seem condescending to some adult learners.
Assessment: This is a relevant, easy to understand textbook on applying critical thinking to the nursing process. The greatest limitation is the restricted audience. It would not be a good choice for older college students, nontraditional students, or RN to BSN students. Since the majority of case studies in the book are in the hospital setting, professors may want to consider including more case studies from community settings. This text would need to be supplemented with a more in-depth interdisciplinary view of what critical thinking means.