Critical Thinking in Nursing: A Practical Approach / Edition 1

Critical Thinking in Nursing: A Practical Approach / Edition 1

by Rosalinda A. Alfaro-Lefevre
     
 

Updated and revised, the second edition of this unique and popular text promotes the critical thinking and professional skills needed to face the challenges of today's rapidly changing health care system. Readers learn both skills and theory in a manner that is practical and easy to read. A completely new chapter provides clinical guidelines for mastering the

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Overview

Updated and revised, the second edition of this unique and popular text promotes the critical thinking and professional skills needed to face the challenges of today's rapidly changing health care system. Readers learn both skills and theory in a manner that is practical and easy to read. A completely new chapter provides clinical guidelines for mastering the workplace skills suggested by National Educational Goals 2000. And, a wealth of examples, analogies, case studies, and practice sessions provide readers with a truly interactive experience. These practice scenarios illustrate "real-world" challenges such as communicating bad news, working in teams, managing conflict, and satisfying customers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780721658971
Publisher:
Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
03/28/1995
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
190
Product dimensions:
7.48(w) x 9.06(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Assumptions and Promises1
Four Ways We Change1
Ch. 1Overview: What is Critical Thinking, and Why is it Important?2
Why Focus on Critical Thinking?4
How This Book Helps Develop Thinking Skills4
What's Your Thinking Style, and Why Does It Matter?5
What's the Difference Between Thinking and Critical Thinking?7
Critical Thinking: Some Different Definitions8
Characteristics (Attitudes) of Critical Thinkers9
Reflection and Insight ("Hemming and Hawing" and "AHA!")11
What's Familiar and What's New About Critical Thinking11
Ch. 2How to Think Critically18
Factors Influencing Critical Thinking Ability20
Communicating Effectively27
Critical Thinking Strategies28
Critical Thinking Skills31
Ch. 3Critical Thinking in Nursing: An Overview38
What Is Critical Thinking in Nursing?40
Clinical Judgment (Clinical Reasoning)45
Ch. 4Critical Thinking in Nursing: Beyond Clinical Judgment68
Moral and Ethical Reasoning70
Nursing Research74
Teaching Others77
Teaching Ourselves79
Test-taking83
Ch. 5Practical Critical Thinking Skills92
IPracticing the Skill: Identifying Assumptions96
IIPracticing the Skill: Identifying an Organized and Comprehensive Approach to Discovery (Assessment)99
IIIPracticing the Skill: Checking Accuracy and Reliability of Data (Validation)111
IVPracticing the Skill: Distinguishing Normal from Abnormal and Identifying Signs and Symptoms111
VPracticing the Skill: Making Inferences (Drawing Valid Conclusions)113
VIPracticing the Skill: Clustering Related Cues (Data)114
VIIPracticing the Skill: Distinguishing Relevant from Irrelevant115
VIIIPracticing the Skill: Recognizing Inconsistencies117
IXPracticing the Skill: Identifying Patterns119
XPracticing the Skill: Identifying Missing Information121
XIPracticing the Skill: Identifying Actual and Potential (Risk) Problems/Supporting Conclusions with Evidence121
XIIPracticing the Skill: Setting Priorities125
XIIIPracticing the Skill: Determining Specific, Realistic, Client-Centered Goals (Expected Outcomes)128
XIVPracticing the Skill: Determining Specific Interventions130
XVPracticing the Skill: Evaluating and Correcting Our Thinking132
XVIPracticing the Skill: Developing a Comprehensive Plan/Evaluating and Updating the Plan133
Response Key136
Appendix A: Definitions of Critical Thinking146
Appendix B: What's Your Preferred Learning Style?147
Appendix C: Improving Writing Through Critical Thinking150
Appendix D: Examples of: Critical Path, Data Base Assessment Tool, Neurological Focus Assessment Tool, Neurovascular Focus Assessment Tool154
Appendix E: American Nurses Association Standards for Practice162
Appendix F Part I: American Nurses Association Code for Nurses163
Appendix F Part II: A Patient's Bill of Rights164
Appendix G: A Critical Thinking Model for Nursing Judgment167
Glossary177
Bibliography182
Index185

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