Critical Thinking in Nursing: A Cognitive Skills Workbook / Edition 1

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Overview

This text introduces nursing students to the cognitive skills, or "critical thinking," required of professional nurses. Using a practical approach and a nursing process framework throughout, the book provides a bridge between theory and the application of skills.

Cognitive skills are presented in a competency-based, clinically oriented format, with emphasis on teaching critical thinking. Written at an accessible reading level, chapters end with a workbook section, to provide students with real-world applications of what they have learned. Case studies and checklists throughout aid the student in applying content.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Carole A. Kenner, PhD, RN, FAAN (Council of International Neonatal Nurses)
Description: This is not an ordinary critical thinking book. It presents the material in an easy to use format complete with worksheets and checklists. The format lends itself to sound teaching/learning principles, actively engaging the learner and providing tools for evaluation to the faculty.
Purpose: The purpose is to present the reader with the cognitive skills necessary to learn and apply critical thinking to clinical situations. Use of competency based learning assists with the integration of critical thinking into provide holistic nursing care. These objectives are worthy and met.
Audience: According to the intended audience is student nurses and LPNs returning for their RN licensure. The book could be used for the nurse returning to the workplace who is not comfortable with competency based skills and application of critical thinking in everyday practice.
Features: Although the book covers the typical concepts of critical thinking, problem solving, nursing process, delegation and the like, it goes beyond these "dry" concepts. The inclusion of pitfalls of each concept as well as competency based checklists are wonderful additions to this material. The checklists and accompanying case scenarios are visually appealing and easy to "fill in" for practice. The practice exercises make it easy for even the most novice student or faculty to use to promote interactive learning. The book would have been strengthened by using more culturally diverse case examples and incorporating NIC and NOC along with NANDA.
Assessment: "Critical thinking is a trite, overused phrase in education that is difficult to measure. These authors have brought the content/concept to light and provide good teaching/learning tools to assist in its incorporation into clinical practice. Competing texts such as Critical Thinking Study Guide for Medical-Surgical Nursing: Critical Thinking for Collaborative Care, Ignatavicius, et al. (W.B. Saunders, 2002) or Nursing Health Assessment: A Critical Thinking, Case Studies Approach, by Dillon (F.A. Davis, 2003) is very specific to a specialty or a portion of the nursing process. The authors of this book apply critical thinking to all aspects of nursing, giving it broader appeal. "

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780781740425
  • Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Publication date: 11/10/2003
  • Edition description: Workbook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 607,968
  • Product dimensions: 8.30 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Unit One BASIC CONCEPTS OF COGNITIVE SKILLS 1

Chapter 1 Critical Thinking 3
Definition 3
Relationship to Problem Solving and Decision Making 3
The Critical Thinker 4
Intellectual Standards in Thinking 4
Process of Critical Thinking 7
Skills of Critical Thinking 9
Pitfalls in Critical Thinking 10
Summary 11

Chapter 2 Problem Solving 19
Definition 19
Nursing Process 19
Decision Making 20
Steps in the Problem-Solving Process 20
Problem-Solving Strategies 23
Pitfalls in Problem Solving 24
Summary 25

Chapter 3 Decision Making 37
Definition 37
Differentiating Decision Making From Problem Solving 37
Factors Influencing Decision Making 38
Characteristics of an Effective Decision Maker 38
Decision Making in Nursing 38
Approaches to Participative Decision Making 39
Decision-Making Tools 40
Process of Decision Making 40
Errors in Decision Making 45
Summary 47

Chapter 4 Priority Setting 59
Definition 59
Time Management 59
Prioritizing Patient Needs 60
Prioritizing Nursing Diagnoses 61
Priority Activities 65
Multitasking 66
Prioritizing Within the Nursing Process 67
Pitfalls in Priority Setting 69
Summary 70

Unit Two COGNITIVE SKILLS IN THE NURSING PROCESS 85

Chapter 5 Nursing Process Applications 87
Definition 87
Role of the Nursing Process 89
Steps of the Nursing Process 90
Care Plan 101
Pitfalls 101
Summary 105

Chapter 6 Delegation 121
Definition 121
Principles of Delegation 122
Five Rights of Delegation 123
Obstacles to Delegation 127
Delegation Procedure 128
Summary 135

Chapter 7 Communication 149
Levels of Communication 149
Verbal Communication 149
Collaboration 150
Report Skills 151
Conflict Resolution 153
Physician Notification 154
Written Communication 157
Summary 157

Chapter 8 Patient Teaching 171
Applying the Nursing Process 171
Learning Needs Assessment 172
Analyzing Needs 178
Outcome Identification 179
Planning the Lesson 179
Implementing the Educational Session 181
Evaluating the Educational Process 181
Summary 183

Unit Three APPLICATION OF COGNITIVE SKILLS 195

Chapter 9 Applying Clinical Reasoning to Various Practice Settings 197
Definition 198
Reasoning 198
Guidelines for Decision Making 198
Application of Cognitive Skills 201
Clinical Reasoning Applications 203
Evaluating the Workload 203
Knowledge and Ability for Varied Settings 204
Pitfalls in Clinical Reasoning 205
Summary 206

Chapter 10 Ethical Decision Making 229
Definition 229
Ethical Guides 230
American Nurses Association Code of Ethics 232
Critical Thinking 235
Process of Ethical Decision Making 236
Ethics Committees 238
Frequent Areas of Dilemma 238
Self-Determination 238
Professional Caregiver Issues 240
Pitfalls in Ethical Decision Making 241
Summary 241

Chapter 11 Applying Nursing Judgment in Clinical Settings 257
Definition 258

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