Critical Thinking in Psychology: A Unified Skills Approach / Edition 1

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This book presents students with fascinating questions that pique interest and inspire them to think more effectively. Bensley helps readers learn how to think critically about the issues often raised in psychology. By using a general definition of critical thinking, Bensley creates an organizational framework for teaching a set of related, or "unified," skills. All exercises are designed to teach a variety of skills that support inquiry in psychology using a single critical thinking model and vocabulary. Target skills include identifying arguments from nonarguments; finding the central question; evaluating the kinds of quality evidence; making predictions from theories; and constructing good arguments.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"…readable, psychologically relevant, and engaging."

"…I give it high marks. It is clearly written and makes good use of good examples."

"…very well-organized, laced with helpful examples, and very user-friendly."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534256203
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 7/29/1997
  • Series: Psychology Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.46 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Critical Thinking in Psychology Leaning Objectives / What Do You Think? / The Purpose of This Book / What Is Critical Thinking? / Why Critical Thinking Is Important / How Does a Person Think Critically? 2. Inductive Reasoning and the Analysis of Psychological Arguments Learning Objectives / What Do You Think / Where Do Theories Come From? / Commonsense "Theories" and the Need for Caution / The Critical Thinking Task / Kinds and Quality of Evidence / Quantity of Evidence / Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning in Psychology and Everyday Life 3. Analyizing Discussions of Psychological Questions Leaning Objectives / What Do You Think? / How to Critically Analyze a Psychological Discussion 4. The Mind, Brain, and Behavior: What'''s the Connection? Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Philosophical Positions on the Mind-Body Problem / How Our Assumptions Affect Our Explanations of Behavior / The Mind-Body Problem as a Scientific Question 5. Do We Perceive the World as it is? Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / What Are Illusions / Examining a Theory of Size Illusions / What Do Illusions Tell Us About Perception? 6. The Extraordinary Claims Made about Hypnosis Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / What Is Hypnosis? 7. Critical Thinking and Learning: Making Predictions and Reasoning from Definitions Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Using Deductive Reasoning to Make Predictions / Reasoning from a Definition to an Example 8. Memory and Critical Thinking Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Critical Thinking and Accuracy of Memory 9. Critical Thinking and Decision Making Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / The Consequences of Decisions / Overview of the Decision-Making Process / The Relationship Between Decision Making and Critical Thinking / Probability and Rational Decision Making / Errors and Other Problems in Decision Making / Becoming Aware of How You Make Decisions 10. Do Emotions Hinder Critical Thinking? Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Defining Terms / Goals, Outcomes, and Rational Behavior / A Classification of Emotional Effects on Thinking 11. Thinking Critically about Theories of Abnormal Behavior: Culture and Witches Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Personal, Folk, and Implicit Theories of Personality / Thinking Critically About Historical Questions / Witchcraft: An Explanation for Various Troubles / Analyzing a Complex Psychological Questions: The Witchcraft Phenomenon / What Is the Best Explanation? 12. Critical Thinking and Diagnosing Mental Disorders Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / The Task of Diagnosis / Clinical Assessment 13. Thinking Critically about Repression and Recovered Memories of Abuse Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / The Need for Critical Thinking About Repressed Memories / How This Chapter Is Different / Issues in the Recovery of Repressed Memories 14. Critical Thinking and Writing Learning Objectives / What Do You Think? / Critical Thinking and Writing / Critical Thinking and Essay Questions / A Short Term Paper That Reviews the Literature / Writing the Introduction to a Research Report Appendix A: The Language of Argumentation: Expression That Identify Parts of Arguments / Appendix B: Form for Answering Critical Reading Questions / Appendix C: Answers Index (Each chapter concludes with a Summary, Review Questions, and References)

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