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Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a concise and accessible introduction to logic and critical reasoning. Designed specifically to meet the needs of undergraduate students encountering philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, this comprehensive textbook covers all the themes and topics typically covered in an introductory course. Topics covered include:
•the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments
•deductive validity and soundness
•inductive strength and cogency
•inference to the best explanation
•tools for argument assessment
•informal and formal fallacies
Designed for classroom use, the book features a host of student-friendly exercises, examples, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Ideal for undergraduate students in philosophy and beyond, it also includes full coverage of the reasoning problems typically found on graduate school entrance exams. Guiding students to all the skills and tools necessary for effective critical thinking, the text is supplemented throughout with real life examples that highlight the immense value of thinking critically.
Preface \ Part I: The Basics of Good Reasoning \ 1. The Basic Tools of Reasoning \ Chapter 2: Evaluating Arguments \ Part II: Deductive Reasoning \ 3. Categorical Logic \ 4. Basic Propositional Logic \ 5. Truth Tables \ 6. Rules of Inference \ Part III: Inductive Reasoning \ 7. Probability and Induction \ 8. Generalization, Analogy, and Causation \ 9. Inference to the Best Explanation \ 10. Informal Fallacies \ Part IV: Graduate School Entrance Exams \ 11. Reasoning on the GRE, LSAT, GMAT, and MCAT \ Index.