The Critique of Judgment / Edition 1

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In The Critique of Judgment (1790), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) seeks to establish the a priori principles underlying the faculty of judgment, just as he did in his previous critiques of pure and practical reason." "The first part deals with the subject of our aesthetic sensibility; we respond to certain natural phenomena as beautiful, says Kant, when we recognize in nature a harmonious order that satisfies the mind's own need for order. The second half of the critique concentrates on the apparent teleology in nature's design of organisms. Kant argues that our minds are inclined to see purpose and order in nature and this is the main principle underlying all of our judgments." "Although this might imply a supersensible Designer, Kant insists that we cannot prove a supernatural dimension or the existence of God. Such considerations are beyond reason and are solely the province of faith.

This edition contains the Critique of Aesthetic Judgement and Critique of Teleological Judgement.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Pluhar maintains a fine, even tone throughout. . . . Those who have found the prospect of teaching the third Critique daunting will admire its clarity. . . . No one will be disappointed. --Timothy Sean Quinn, The Review of Metaphysics

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780872200258
  • Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/1/1987
  • Series: Hpc Classics Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 684
  • Sales rank: 628,039
  • Lexile: 1650L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Werner S. Pluhar is Affiliate Professor of Philosophy, Pennsylvania State University, Fayette.
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Table of Contents

Editor's Introduction
  I. Of the division of Philosophy
  II. Of the realm of Philosophy in general
  III. Of the Critique of Judgment as a means of combining the two parts of Philosophy into a whole
  IV. Of Judgment as a faculty legislating a priori
  V. The principle of the formal purposiveness of nature is a transcendental principle of Judgment
  VI. Of the combination of the feeling of pleasure with the concept of the purposiveness of nature
  VII. Of the aesthetical representation of the purposiveness of nature
  VIII. Of the logical representation of the purposiveness of nature
  IX. Of the connexion of the legislation of Understanding with that of Reason by means of the Judgment
First Part: Critique of the Aesthetical Judgment
First Division: Analytic of the Aesthetical Judgment
First Book: Analytic of the Beautiful
First Moment of the judgment of taste, according to quality
  1. The judgment of taste is aesthetical
  2. The satisfaction which determines the judgment of taste is disinterested
  3. The satisfaction in the pleasant is bound up with interest
  4. The satisfaction in the good is bound up with interest
  5. Comparison of the three specifically different kinds of satisfaction
Second Moment of the judgment of taste, viz. according to quantity
  6. The Beautiful is that which apart from concepts is represented as the object of a universal satisfaction
  7. Comparison of the Beautiful with the Pleasant and the Good by means of the above characteristic
  8. The universality of the satisfaction is represented in a judgment of Taste only as subjective
  9. Investigation of the question whether in the judgment of taste the feeling of pleasure precedes or follows the judging of the object
Third Moment of judgments of taste, according to the relation of the purposes which are brought into consideration therein
  10. Of purposiveness in general
  11. The judgment of taste has nothing at its basis but the form of the purposiveness of an object (or of its mode of representation)
  12. The judgment of taste rests on a priori grounds
  13. The pure judgment of taste is independent of charm and emotion
  14. Elucidation by means of examples
  15. The judgment of taste is quite independent of the concept of perfection
  16. The judgment of taste, by which an object is declared to be beautiful under the condition of a definite concept, is not pure
  17. Of the Ideal of Beauty
Fourth Moment of the judgment of taste, according to the modality of the satisfaction in the object
  18. What the modality in a judgment of taste is
  19. The subjective necessity, which we ascribe to the judgment of taste, is conditioned
  20. The condition of necessity which a judgment of taste asserts is the Idea of a common sense
  21. Have we ground for presupposing a common sense?
  22. The necessity of the universal agreement that is thought in a judgment of taste is a subjective necessity, which is represented as objective under the presupposition of a common sense
General remark on the first section of the Analytic
Second Book: Analytic of the Sublime
  23. Transition from the faculty which judges of the Beautiful to that which judges of the Sublime
  24. Of the divisions of an investigation into the feeling of the sublime
A. Of the Mathematically Sublime
  25. Explanation of the term "sublime"
  26. Of that estimation of the magnitude of natural things which is requisite for the Idea of the Sublime
  27. Of the quality of the satisfaction in our judgments upon the Sublime
B. Of the Dynamically Sublime in Nature
  28. Of Nature regarded as Might
  29. Of the modality of the judgment upon the sublime in nature
General remark upon the exposition of the aesthetical reflective Judgment
Deduction of [pure] aesthetical judgments
  30. The Deduction of aesthetical judgments on the objects of nature must not be directed to what we call Sublime in nature, but only to the Beautiful.
  31. Of the method of deduction of judgments of Taste
  32. First peculiarity of the judgment of Taste
  33. Second peculiarity of the judgment of Taste
  34. There is no objective principle of Taste possible
  35. The principle of Taste is the subjective principle of Judgment in general
  36. Of the problem of a Deduction of judgments of Taste
  37. What is properly asserted a priori of an object in a judgment of Taste
  38. Deduction of judgments of Taste
  39. Of the communicability of a sensation
  40. Of Taste as a kind of sensus communis
  41. Of the empirical interest in the Beautiful
  42. Of the intellectual interest in the Beautiful
  43. Of Art in general
  44. Of beautiful Art
  45. Beautiful Art is an art, in so far as it seems like nature
  46. Beautiful Art is the art of genius
  47. Elucidation and confirmation of the above explanation of Genius
  48. Of the relation of Genius to Taste
  49. Of the faculties of the mind that constitute Genius
  50. Of the combination of Taste with Genius in the products of beautiful Art
  51. Of the division of the beautiful arts
  52. Of the combination of beautiful arts in one and the same product
  53. Comparison of the respective aesthetical worth of the beautiful arts
  54. Remark second Division: Dialectic of the Aesthetical Judgment
  56. Representation of the antinomy of Taste
  57. Solution of the antinomy of Taste
  58. Of the Idealism of the purposiveness of both Nature and Art as the unique principle of the aesthetical Judgment.
  59. Of Beauty as the symbol of Morality
  60. Appendix: Of the method of Taste
Second Part: Critique of the Teleological Judgment
  61. Of the objective purposiveness of Nature
First Division: Analytic of the Teleological Judgment
  62. Of the objective purposiveness which is merely formal as distinguished from that which is material
  63. Of the relative, as distinguished from the inner, purposiveness of nature
  64. Of the peculiar character of things as natural purposes
  65. Things regarded as natural purposes are organised beings
  66. Of the principle of judging of internal purposiveness in organised beings
  67. Of the principle of the teleological judging of nature in general as a system of purposes
  68. Of the principle of Teleology as internal principle of natural science second Division: Dialectic of the Teleological Judgment
  69. What is an antinomy of the Judgment?
  70. Representation of this antinomy
  71. Preliminary to the solution of the above antinomy
  72. Of the different systems which deal with the purposiveness of nature
  73. None of the above systems give what they pretend
  74. The reason that we cannot treat the concept of a Technic of nature dogmatically is the fact that a natural purpose is inexplicable
  75. The concept of an objective purposiveness of nature is a critical principle of Reason for the reflective Judgment
  76. Remark
  77. Of the peculiarity of the human Understanding, by means of which the concept of a natural purpose is possible
  78. Of the union of the principle of the universal mechanism of matter with the teleological principle in the Technic of nature
Appendix: Methodology of the Teleological Judgment
  79. Whether teleology must be treated as if it belonged to the doctrine of nature
  80. Of the necessary subordination of the mechanical to the teleological principle in the explanation of a thing as a natural purpose
  81. Of the association of mechanism with the teleological principle in the explanation of a natural purpose as a natural product
  82. Of the teleological system in the external relations of organised beings
  83. Of the ultimate purpose of nature as a teleological system
  84. Of the final purpose of the existence of a world, i.e. of creation itself
  85. Of Physico-theology
  86. Of Ethico-theology
  87. Of the moral proof of the Being of God
  88. Limitation of the validity of the moral proof
  89. Of the use of the moral argument
  90. Of the kind of belief in a teleological proof of the Being of God
  91. Of the kind of belief produced by a practical faith
General remarks on Teleology
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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 3, 2006

    Kant at it again

    After journeying into the world of philosophy by starting with the great Rene Descartes, I decided to pick up a book by Immanuel Kant. When I began to read this wonderful book about aesthetic beauty, Kant was able to capture my mind. His usage of elegant prose and style gives the reader not only an impression of how well he can write but also how well he can think. Immanuel Kant is one of the greatest philosophers in my opinion because I believe that he is able to give his readers a sense of hope after you read his work.

    3 out of 3 people found this review helpful.

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    Posted May 12, 2009

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    Posted May 30, 2009

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