Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use

Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use

by Nigel Maxted, Brian V. Ford-Lloyd, Shelagh P Kell, Jose M. Iriondo

Crop wild relatives (CWR) are species closely related to crop plants which can contribute beneficial traits, such as pest or disease resistance and yield improvement. These species are critical for improving agricultural production and increasing food security. They are also essential components of natural and semi-natural habitats as well as agricultural systems,

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Crop wild relatives (CWR) are species closely related to crop plants which can contribute beneficial traits, such as pest or disease resistance and yield improvement. These species are critical for improving agricultural production and increasing food security. They are also essential components of natural and semi-natural habitats as well as agricultural systems, and are therefore vital in maintaining ecosystem health. However, CWR, like any other group of wild species, are subject to an increasing range of threats: habitat loss, degradation and mismanagement, over-collection and climate change. Through an examination of the national, regional and global context of CWR, these authoritative studies present methodologies and case studies that review and provide recommendations for global conservation and use. Topics range from the establishment of conservation priorities and strategies, threat assessment and genetic erosion and pollution.

Product Details

CAB International North America
Publication date:
CABI Publishing Series
Product dimensions:
9.70(w) x 6.90(h) x 1.50(d)

Meet the Author

Brian V. Ford-Lloyd is at University of Birmingham.

Jose M. Iriondo is at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain.

Mohammad E. Dulloo is at Bioversity International, Italy.

Table of Contents

Contributors     xi
Jack Hawkes: Plant Collector, Researcher, Mentor and Visionary     xviii
Preface     xxi
Foreword     xxiii
Acknowledgements     xxvii
Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use: an Overview
Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use: Establishing the Context   N. Maxted   S.P. Kell   B.V. Ford-Lloyd     3
Addressing the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Crop Wild Relatives: the International Policy Context   N. Azzu   L. Collette     31
Crop Wild Relatives: Putting Information in a European Policy Context   D. Richard   G. Augusto   D. Evans   G. Lois     49
Crop Wild Relatives in Armenia: Diversity, Legislation and Conservation Issues   A. Avagyan     58
Establishing Inventories and Conservation Priorities
Crops and Wild Relatives of the Euro-Mediterranean Region: Making and Using a Conservation Catalogue   S.P. Kell   H. Knupffer   S.L. Jury   B.V. Ford-Lloyd   N. Maxted     69
Establishing Conservation Priorities for Crop Wild Relatives   B. Ford-Lloyd   S.P. Kell   N. Maxted     110
Creation of a National Crop Wild Relative Strategy: a Case Study for the United Kingdom   M. Scholten   N. Maxted   S.P. Kell   B.V. Ford-Lloyd     120
National Crop Wild Relative In Situ Conservation Strategy for Russia   T.N. Smekalova     143
Diversity and Conservation Needs of Crop Wild Relatives in Finland   H. Korpelainen   S. Takaluoma   M. Pohjamo   J. Helenius     152
Crop Wild Relatives in the Netherlands: Actors and Protection Measures   R. Hoekstra   M.G.P. van Veller   B. Ode     165
European Forest Genetic Resources: Status of Current Knowledge and Conservation Priorities   F. Lefevre   E. Collin   B. De Cuyper   B. Fady   J. Koskela   J. Turok   G. von Wuhlisch     178
Using GIS Models to Locate Potential Sites for Wheat Wild Relative Conservation in the Palestinian Authority Areas   S. Allahham   H. Hasasneh     195
Threat and Conservation Assessment
IUCN Red Listing of Crop Wild Relatives: is a National Approach as Difficult as Some Think?   J. Magos Brehm   M. Mitchell   N. Maxted   B.V. Ford-Lloyd   M.A. Martins-Loucao     211
Traditional Farming Systems in South-eastern Turkey: the Imperative of In Situ Conservation of Endangered Wild Annual Cicer Species   S. Abbo   C. Can   S. Lev-Yadun   M. Ozaslan     243
Ecogeographical Representativeness in Crop Wild Relative Ex Situ Collections   M. Parra-Quijano   D. Draper   E. Torres   J.M. Iriondo     249
Genetic Erosion and Genetic Pollution
Genetic Erosion and Genetic Pollution of Crop Wild Relatives: the PGR Forum Perspective and Achievements   E. Bettencourt   B.V. Ford-Lloyd   S. Dias     277
Assessing the Potential for Ecological Harm from Gene Flow to Crop Wild Relatives   M.J. Wilkinson   C.S. Ford     287
Reciprocal Introgression between Wild and Cultivated Peach Palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth, Arecaceae) in Western Ecuador   J.-C. Pintaud   T.L.P. Couvreur   C. Lara   B. Ludena   J.-L. Pham     296
Impoverishment of the Gene Pool of the Genus Aegilops L. in Armenia   M. Harutyunyan   A. Avagyan   M. Hovhannisyan     309
In Situ Conservation
Crop Wild Relative In Situ Management and Monitoring: the Time Has Come   J.M. Iriondo   L. De Hond     319
Does Agriculture Conflict with In Situ Conservation? a Case Study on the Use of Wild Relatives by Yam Farmers in Benin   N. Scarcelli   S. Tostain   M.N. Baco   C. Agbangla   O. Dainou   Y. Vigouroux   J.L. Pham     331
Management Plans for Promoting In Situ Conservation of Local Agrobiodiversity in the West Asia Centre of Plant Diversity   N. Al-Atawneh   A. Amri   R. Assi   N. Maxted     340
In Situ Conservation Strategy for Wild Lima Bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) Populations in the Central Valley of Costa Rica: a Case Study of Short-lived Perennial Plants with a Mixed Mating System   J.-P. Baudoin   O.J. Rocha   J. Degreef   I. Zoro Bi   M. Ouedraogo   L. Guarino   A. Toussaint     364
Population Performance of Arnica montana L. in Different Habitats   J. Radusiene   J. Labokas     380
A Designated Nature Reserve for In Situ Conservation of Wild Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccoides (Korn.) Aaronsohn) in Northern Israel   D. Kaplan     389
Integrating Wild Plants and Landrace Conservation in Farming Systems: a Perspective from Italy   V. Negri   F. Branca   G. Castellini     394
Ex Situ Conservation
Ex Situ Conservation of Wild Species: Services Provided by Botanic Gardens   P.P. Smith     407
Conservation of Spanish Wild Oats: Avena canariensis, A. prostrata and A. murphyi   P. Garcia   L.E. Saenz de Miera   F.J. Vences   M. Benchacho   M. Perez de la Vega     413
Analysis of Wild Lactuca Gene Bank Accessions and Implications for Wild Species Conservation   T.S. Rajicic   K.J. Dehmer     429
The Role of Botanic Gardens in the Conservation of Crop Wild Relatives   S. Sharrock   D. Wyse-Jackson     437
A National Italian Network to Improve Seed Conservation of Wild Native Species ('RIBES')   C. Bonomi   G. Rossi   G. Bedini     443
Linking In Situ and Ex Situ Conservation with Use of Crop Wild Relatives   N. Maxted   S.P. Kell     450
Information Management
CWRIS: an Information Management System to Aid Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Sustainable Use   S.P. Kell   J.D. Moore   J.M. Iriondo   M.A. Scholten   B.V. Ford-Lloyd   N. Maxted     471
Crop Wild Relatives in the ECPGR Central Crop Databases: a Case Study in Beta L. and Avena L.   C.U. Germeier   L. Frese     492
Crop Wild Relative Information: Developing a Tool for its Management and Use   I. Thormann   A. Lane   K. Durah   M.E. Dulloo   S. Gaiji     504
Managing Passport Data Associated with Seed Collections from Wild Populations: Increasing Potential for Conservation and Use of Crop Wild Relatives in Israel   R. Hadas   A. Sirota   M. Agami   A. Horovitz     513
Some Thoghts on Sources of News about Crop Wild Relatives   L. Guarino     521
Gene Donors for Crop Improvement
Using Crop Wild Relatives for Crop Improvement: Trends and Perspectives   T. Hodgkin   R. Hajjar     535
The Secondary Gene Pool of Barley as Gene Donors for Crop Improvement   M. Scholz   B. Ruge-Wehling   A. Habekuss   G. Pendinen   O. Schrader   K. Flath   E. Grosse   P. Wehling     549
Exploitation of Wild Cereals for Wheat Improvement in the Instiute for Cereal Crops Improvement   E. Millet   J. Manisterski   P. Ben-Yehuda     556
Using Crop Wild Relatives as Sources of Useful Genes   G. Sonnante   D. Pignone     566
Genetic Systems and the Conservation of Wild Relatives of Crops   D. Zohary     577
Use of Crop Wild Relatives and Underutilized Species
The Use and Economic Potential of Wild Species: an Overview   V.H. Heywood     585
Minor Crops and Underutilized Species: Lessons and Prospects   S. Padulosi   I. Hoeschle-Zeledon   P. Bordoni     605
Conservation and Use of Wild-harvested Medicinal Plants in Sri Lanka   R.S.S. Ratnayake   C.S. Kariyawasam     625
Use of Wild Plant Species: the Market Perspective   S. Curtis     632
Linking Conservation with Sustainable Use: Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia (Lam) O. Schwarz in Traditional Agro-sylvo-pastoral Systems in Southern Portugal   C.M. Sousa-Correia   J.M. Abreu   S. Ferreira-Dias   J.C. Rodrigues   A. Alves   N. Maxted   B.V. Ford-Lloyd     638
Global Issues in Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use
The Crop Wild Relative Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission   M.E. Dulloo   N. Maxted     651
Towards a Global Strategy for the Conservation and Use of Crop Wild Relatives   V.H. Heywood   S.P. Kell   N. Maxted     657
Index     667

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