Crops and Environmental Change: An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO2 and O3 Concentrations, and Soil Salinization on Crop Physiology and Yield

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Overview

Here is a complete introduction to the influence of global environmental changes on structure, function, and harvestable yield of the major field crops. It explores the effects of climate change, air pollution, and soil salinization. With numerous charts, tables, and figures that make complex information easy to access and understand, Crops and Environmental Change is a valuable resource for anyone concerned with the future of agriculture.
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What People Are Saying

Steven R. Shafer
OF GREAT VALUE TO STUDENTS, DECISION MAKERS, AND LEADING SCIENTIFIC EXPERTS. . . . The authors write in a style that is easy to read. . . . Pritchard and Amthor are well qualified. . . . Both are in professional positions that give them credibility on the topic of environment and crops. The more people who make a serious choice to dive into this crucial topic, the more likely we will be to have a healthy population and economy in the future. There will be few better sources than this book where you can take the plunge.
PhD, National Program Leader, Global Change, USDA Agricultural Research Service, George Washington Carver Center, Maryland
David W. Lawlor
REQUIRED READING. . . . IMPORTANT. . . . A VALUABLE, CAREFULLY WORKED, AND CONCEPTUALLY WIDE-RANGING ANALYSIS. . . . Well-written and illustrated . . . excellently referenced. . . . Timely . . . worthy of the task it sets out to tackle. This careful and balanced analysis of the literature, with its sensible explanations, well-drawn conclusions, and identification of unresolved issues and possible ways forward, is based on concise, clear summaries of metabolic and physiological processes.
PhD, Senior Principal Research Scientist (retired), Crop Performance & Improvement Division, Rothamsted Research, United Kingdom
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560229124
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 2/28/2005
  • Pages: 421
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Chapter 1. Introduction
Human Population Growth
Environmental Changes
Crops and Food Supply
Population, Crop Yield, and Crop Production
Summary

Chapter 2. Methods of Studying Effects of Environmental Change on Crops
Correlations Between Observed Yield and Historical Patterns of
Environmental Variation and Change
Experimental Control of Environmental Conditions
Summary

Chapter 3. Cellular Responses to the Environment
Membrane Structure and Function
Enzymes
Cellular Mechanisms of Stress Resistance
The Role of Calcium in Stress Responses
Specificity, Cross-talk, and Cross-tolerance
Summary

Chapter 4. Water Relations
The Future of Fresh Water
Effects of Climate Change on Global Hydrology
Excess Precipitation
Drought
Water Uptake, Transport in Xylem, and Transpiration
The Plant Surface
Roots and Hydraulic Conductance
The Crop Canopy
Environmental Changes
Summary

Chapter 5. Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Biosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Photosynthesis
Respiration
Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Respiration
Biosynthesis
Summary

Chapter 6. Partitioning of Photosynthate
Source and Sink
Harvest Index
Methods for Studying Partitioning
Carbon Partitioning Within Source Leaves
Phloem Loading, Transport, and Unloading
Regulation of Whole Plant Carbon Partitioning
Environmental Changes
Summary

Chapter 7. Mineral Nutrition
Introduction
Nutrient Passage from Soil to Root and Beyond
Regulation of Ion Uptake
Kinetics of Nutrient Uptake
Environmental Changes
Summary

Chapter 8. Vegetative Growth and Development
Growth Patterns
Meristems, Organs, and Development
Shoots
Roots
Developmental Stages
Environmental Changes
Summary

Chapter 9. Sexual Reproduction, Grain Yield, and Grain Quality
Sexually Reproductive Development
Yield Components and Variation
Environmental Changes
Interactive Effects of Environmental Changes on Yield
Summary

Chapter 10. The Biotic Environment
Weeds
Insect Pests and Diseases
Symbiotic Relationships With Soil Organisms
Multiple Environmental Changes and Implications for Biotic Interactions
Summary
Appendix A: Acronyms
Appendix B: List of Plant Species Mentioned
Appendix C: Useful Conversions
References
Index

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