Crosscurrents in American Culture: A Reader in United States History, Volume I: To 1877 / Edition 1

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This innovative reader is the first to introduce students to cultural history through primary sources and guided pedagogy. Crosscurrents combines a diverse collection of sources with cutting-edge scholarship for a dramatic overview of politics, economics, and religion. The voices of women and people of color are integrated throughout, presenting a truly inclusive view of the American past.Each source or source grouping is preceded by an introduction, which helps to contextualize the document(s). Throughout each chapter, Problems to Consider prompt students to think analytically about sources.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780618077380
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 5/1/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 710,885
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Bruce Dorsey (Ph.D., Brown University) is Associate Professor of History at Swarthmore College. His research focuses on colonial and revolutionary America, early American republic and antebellum America, gender, and religion. He is the author of Reforming Men and Women: Gender in the Antebellum City (Cornell).

Woody Register (Ph.D., Brown University) is Professor of History at Sewanee: The University of the South. His research concerns consumer culture, popular amusements, and masculinity. He is the author of The Kid of Coney Island: Fred Thompson and the Rise of American Amusements (Oxford).

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Table of Contents

VOLUME I Introduction: Reading Culture 1. New Worlds & Old Worlds: 1490-1630 A. Colonial Dreams: Imagining the "New World" 1. Cabinets of Curiosity John Tradescant's Collection (1638) Jan Van Kessel, America (ca., 1664-66) 2. Mapping the "New World" Medieval T-O Map (Thirteenth Century) Martin Waldseemuller, Map of the World (1507) Peter Apian, Cordiform (Heart-shaped) Map of the World (1530) Fool's Cap (ca. 1590) John Lawson, A New Voyage to Carolina (1709) Catawba Deerskin Map (ca. 1721) 3. Theater of the Fool's Errand George Chapman, Ben Jonson, and John Marston, Eastward Ho (1605) William Shakespeare, The Tempest (ca., 1611) B. Picturing New Peoples & Retaining Old Notions 1. Bodies & Cannibalism Amerigo Vespucci, Mundus Novus (Letter from the New World) (1503) The People of the Islands Recently Discovered (ca. 1505) Michel de Montaigne, "Of Cannibals" (1580) 2. Land and Property Arthur Barlowe (Roanoke) (1584) Robert Gray (Virginia) (1609) Robert Cushman (Plymouth) (1621) Roger Williams vs. John Cotton (Massachusetts) (1647 and 1630) A Micmac Chief (New France) (1691) C. Cosmology: Creation Stories from Native American, West African, and European Cultures The Woman Who Fell from the Sky (Seneca Indians) Corn Mother (Penobscot Indians) Mande Creation Narrative (West Africa) Genesis (King James version, The Bible) 2. Cross-Cultural Encounters: 1607-1690 A. Pocahontas: Race and gender in England's colonization of Virginia Smith's narrative of his captivity & rescue Pocahontas's kidnapping (Smith or Hamor) Rolfe's letter on marrying Pocahontas Portrait of Pocahontas Pocahontas's last conversation with Smith Disney's Pocahontas press kit (1995) "The Pocahontas Myth": Powhatan people response to Pocahontas B. Captives: Puritans and Narratives of Crossing Cultures in the Colonial World John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity (1630) Anne Bradstreet, "Of the vanity of all worldly creatures" (1650) Mary Rowlandson, The Soveraignty and Goodness of God... (1682) Indian Captives: On Display in Europe: Frobisher's Inuits & Silmadoowa Captives from Metacom's War (1676) Eunice Williams, the "unredeemed captive" (1713) 3. Colonial Cultures in an Atlantic World: 1690-1760 A. Confirming Difference & Inventing Race: Origins of slavery in the Americas 1. Middle Passage: Tales of the Atlantic slave trade Thomas Phillips, Journal of a Voyage Made in the Hannibal (1693-94) Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano (1791) 2. Plantations before & after slaves Court Action Involving Anthony Johnson and his Servant (1655) Testimony Concerning Anthony Longo Richard Ligon, A True & Exact History of the Island of Barbadoes (1657) Virginia Slave Codes (1660-1705) B. Magic & Witchcraft within European, Indian & African Cultures Tituba's Examination, Salem Witch Trials (1692) Neighbors' Testimony about a Witch (Rachel Clinton), 1687-1693 Father Paul Ragueneau, The Jesuit Relations (1647-48) Father Joseph Francois Lafitau, Customs of the American Indians (1724) Griffith Hughes, The Natural History of Barbados (1750) C. Cock Fights, Horse Races & Revivals: Colonial Amusements & the Great Awakening Horse racing in Virginia: Court Records & Newspaper Accounts (1674-1739) "Cock Fights," Virginia Gazette (1751) Dancing: The Pennsylvania Gazette (1738-1747) Spiritual Travels of Nathan Cole (ca., 1771) Gilbert Tennent, Dangers of an Unconverted Ministry (1741) James Ireland, The Life of the Rev. James Ireland (1819) 4. Creating a Nation: 1760-1800 A. A Family Drama: Patriarchy, Independence and Colonial Rebellion 1. Family Drama The Wonderful Life, and Surprising Adventures of...Robinson Crusoe (1784) A Speech to the Six Confederate Nations... (1775) Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776) 2. Patriotism: Rites (and Rights) of Resistance Celebrating the Repeal of the Stamp Act, Boston Gazette (1766) Paul Revere, A View of the Obelisk Erected under the Liberty Tree in Boston on the Rejoicings for the Repeal of the Stamp Act (1766) Paul Revere, The Able Doctor, or America Swallowing the Bitter Draught (1774) Hannah Griffiths, "The Female Patriots" (1768) The Female Patriot, No. 1. Addressed to the Tea-Drinking Ladies of New-York (1770) B. Liberty's Key: Competing Visions of Freedom and Equality Freedom Petitions by African Americans in Massachusetts (1773 & 1777) Caesar Sarter, Essay on Slavery (1774) Priscilla Mason's Salutatory Oration, Philadelphia Female Academy (1794). William Manning, "The Key of Liberty" (1797) C. Signs and Languages of a New Nationalism Philip Freneau and Hugh H. Brackenridge, A Poem on the Rising Glory of America (1772) Royall Tyler, The Contrast (1787) Noah Webster, Dissertations on the English Language (1789) Federalist and Republican Toasts and Songs (1790s) 5. An Entrepreneurial & Industrial North: 1790-1840 A. A Market Revolution 1. Creating Consumer Desire Advertisements and Trade Cards, [Philadelphia] Aurora General Advertiser (1798) Thomas Haliburton, The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Sam Slick, of Slicksville (1839) 2. Debates over Manufacturing Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia (1781) Alexander Hamilton, Report on Manufactures (1791) Orestes Brownson, "Laboring Classes," Boston Quarterly Review (1840) "Factory Girls," Lowell Offering (1840) 3. Men on the Make: Entrepreneurs & the Mythical Culture of Self-made Men The Journal of James Guild (1818-1824) Samuel Woodworth, "Dr. Stramonium," (1830) B. Heart & Hearth: Sentiment, Domesticity, and Property Susanna Rowson, Charlotte Temple (1791) "Novel Reading, A Cause of Female Depravity" (1802) Godey's Lady's Book (1832-1837) Frances Wright, "Rights and Wrongs of Women" (1829) 6. Southern Culture of Slavery & Slave Culture: 1790-1860 A. Double Consciousness as a Slave: An African American Culture Amidst Slavery 1. Tricksters: Slave Folk Tales "De Rabbit, de Wolf, an' de Tar Baby" "Mr. Deer's My Riding Horse" "Malitis" "How the Boss-Man Found Out John Was Taking His Chickens" 2. Rebels: Slave Narratives and Resistance Solomon Northup, Twelve Years a Slave (1853) B. Saddles & Spurs: Creating a Pro-slavery Ideology 1. Myths of Paternalist Care John Pendleton Kennedy, Swallow Barn (1851) "Management of Negroes upon Southern Estates," DeBow's Review (1851) Mary Howard Schoolcraft, The Black Gauntlet (1860) 2. Science for Racial Dominance Josiah C. Nott, Types of Mankind (1854) George Fitzhugh, Cannibals All! (1858) 7. Reforming America: 1820-1860 A. Meeting the Spirit: Cultural Disputes over Revivalist Religion Jarena Lee, The Life and Religious Experiences of Jarena Lee (1836) Nathan Bangs, A History of the Methodist Episcopal Church (1839) Catherine Williams, Fall River: An Authentic Narrative (1833) B. Sensational Tales of Ruin: The Cultural Production of Reformers T. S. Arthur, Ten Nights in a Bar-Room (1854) Sylvester Graham, A Lecture to Young Men on Chastity (1837) C. New Freedoms from the Bodies of Slaves: Abolitionism, Colonization & Woman's Rights "A Man of Sense," The Colonization Herald (1839) Antislavery Song: A Man's a Man for a' That (1843) Sarah Grimke, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes (1838) Seneca Falls Convention, Declaration of Sentiments (1848) 8. Culture of Democracy: 1820-1870 A. Nature's Vistas & Visages: Cultural Meanings of Expansionism & the Western Frontier 1. American Scenery Thomas Cole, "Lecture on American Scenery" (1841) John Gast, American Progress (1873) George Catlin, Wi-Jun-Jon, The Pigeon's Egg Head Going to and Returning from Washington (1832) George Catlin, Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians (1842) 2. Expansionism and Conquest William H. Prescott, History of the Conquest of Mexico (1843) Jose Maria Tornel y Mendivil, Relations between Texas, the United States of America, and the Mexican Republic (1837) Lansford W. Hastings, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California (1845) George Lippard, Legends of Mexico (1847) Augustine Duganne, "Manifest Destiny" (1855) B. Commercial Popular Entertainment & Political Culture 1. Theater & the Astor Place Riot Washington Irving, Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, gent. (1824) Edwin Forrest's Dispute with William Macready (1848) Diary of William Macready (1846-1849) Placards and Broadsides (May 10, 1849) "The Macready Riot," Home Journal (New York) (May 12, 1849) 2. Jim Crow & Zip Coon: Black-face Minstrelsy in America The Autobiography of Mark Twain (1917) Songs: "Jim Crow," (1828) and "Zip Coon," (1834) Frederick Douglass's Opposition to Blackfaced Entertainment (1848-49) 3. Partisan Politics as Popular Entertainment Sally McCarty Pleasants, Old Virginia Days and Ways (1916) Lydia Maria Child, "What a shame that women can't vote!" (1856) P. T. Barnum, Struggles and Triumphs (1869) 9. Sectional Conflict and Civil War A. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Anti-Uncle Tom Novels Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) [Caroline E. Rush], North and South; or, Slavery and Its Contrasts (1852) Mrs. V. G. Cowdin, Ellen; or, the Fanatic's Daughter (1860) B. John Brown's Body: Symbols & Meanings of the Civil War 1. In Song and Verse "John Brown's Body" "Battle Hymn of the Republic" "Who Will Care for Mother Now?" "Kiss Me Before I Die, Mother!" "A Hint to Poets: Showing How to Make a War Song," Vanity Fair (1862) 2. Gender and the Civil War Fanny Fern, "Soldiers' Wives" (1862) Gail Hamilton, "A Call to My Country-Women" (1863) Comic Valentine: "Home Guard" Comic Valentine: "Dodging the Draft" 3. God's Mission, but for Whom? Frederick Douglass, "The Mission of the War," (1864) Stephen Elliott, Gideon's Water-Lappers (1864) Horace Bushnell, "Our Obligations to the Dead" (1865) 10. A Second American Revolution: 1865-1877 A. Free at Last!: African American freedom—The Black Man's Vote and White Women's Suffrage Letter to the Editor by Frances D. Gage, National Anti-Slavery Standard (1865) Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "This is the Negro's Hour" National Anti-Slavery Standard (1865) Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution (proposed) (1870) Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Speech before the National Woman's Suffrage Convention (1869) Frederick Douglass on Voting Rights for Women and African Americans (1868 & 1869) B. White Terror 1. The Klan as Minstrelsy: Humor and Terror "A Terrified Negro" Nashville Union and American (1868) "Ku Klux in a Safe" Nashville Union and American (1868) "K.K.K.K.," Nashville Union and American (1868) Testimony Taken at the Sub-Committee of Election in Louisiana (1870) George Washington Harris, Sut Lovingood's Yarns (1867) 2. Sexualization of Politics & the Work of White Supremacy U.S. Senate Investigation of the Ku-Klux-Klan (1872) C. Tracks of Conflict: Railroads and Chinese Immigration Daniel Webster, "Opening of the Northern Railroad," (1847) Henry George, "The Chinese in California," New York Tribune (1869) Chinese Immigrants Challenge Nativist Discrimination—California State Senate Investigation (1876) A "Striker," "Fair Wages" North American Review (1877) Thomas A. Scott, "The Recent Strikes," North American Review (1877)

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