Crude Interventions: The United States, Oil and the New World (Dis) Order

Overview

A new world disorder is emerging in which battles over resources are playing an increasingly prominent role. The importance of oil to this picture is underscored by the unilateral and militaristic foreign policy of the world's largest power in its attempt to secure access to this critical resource. Oil-rich communities of the South are being drawn into struggles to defend their sovereignty, cultural integrity, human rights and threatened ecosystems.

Crude Interventions examines ...

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Crude Interventions: The United States, Oil and the New World (Dis)Order

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Overview

A new world disorder is emerging in which battles over resources are playing an increasingly prominent role. The importance of oil to this picture is underscored by the unilateral and militaristic foreign policy of the world's largest power in its attempt to secure access to this critical resource. Oil-rich communities of the South are being drawn into struggles to defend their sovereignty, cultural integrity, human rights and threatened ecosystems.

Crude Interventions examines the military and economic policies of the Bush administration in oil-rich regions of the world. More precisely, it examines the socio-economic and human rights consequences of these policies, as well as those of recent US administrations and multinational energy companies, for the peoples of oil-producing nations in the global South. With only 4 per cent of the world's population, the United States consumes 25 per cent of global energy production. This thirst for energy has played a significant role in determining US foreign policy in recent decades. The desire to secure access to reliable supplies of oil has played an even more prominent role in determining the foreign policy of the government of George W Bush than of previous administrations. By focusing on the US role in Iraq, Central Asia, West Africa, Colombia and Venezuela, Crude Interventions makes evident the connections between US energy interests, the war on terror, globalization, human rights abuses and other social injustices endured by those peoples of the South cursed with an abundance of the world's most sought after resource.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781842776292
  • Publisher: Zed Books
  • Publication date: 9/3/2006
  • Pages: 256
  • Product dimensions: 4.02 (w) x 7.77 (h) x 0.67 (d)

Meet the Author

Garry Leech is a journalist and editor of Colombia Journal (www.colombiajournal.org). He is also a lecturer in the Department of Political Science at Cape Breton University and author of Killing Peace: Colombia's Conflict and the Failure of U.S. Intervention (Inota, 2002).

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Table of Contents


Acknowledgements     vii
Introduction     1
Iraq: seeking the riches of Babylon     8
The rise of Saddam Hussein     9
US-Iraqi relations in the 1980s     16
The Gulf War and UN sanctions     22
The US invasion and occupation     29
The neo-liberal restructuring of Iraq     41
Conclusion     50
Central Asia: the Silk Road strategy     52
The Islamic revival     56
Kazakhstan: the economic opening     59
Azerbaijan: the new oil boom     69
Turkmenistan: going against the flow     76
Militarization of the region     80
Conclusion     88
West Africa: exploiting the other gulf     90
Nigeria: the land of no tomorrow     91
Angola and the corrupting commodity     107
Washington's role in West Africa     115
Conclusion     120
Colombia: feeding Washington's addiction     122
The roots of the conflict     123
From drugs to terror     127
The national security state     137
The great oil giveaway     147
The oil war in Arauca     151
The oil war inPutumayo     160
Conclusion     164
Venezuela: an alternative for the twenty-first century?     167
Oil in the backyard     168
The political reformation     178
The Bolivarian revolution     193
The US response     205
Conclusion     214
Conclusion     217
Notes     223
Bibliography     240
Index     241
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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 28, 2006

    Useful study of the effects of US intervention

    In this useful book, journalist and lecturer Garry Leech shows how oil, not concern for promoting democracy, drives the US to intervene in countries across the world. He looks at the damaging effects of US interventions in the Middle East, Central Asia, West Africa and Latin America. The US-British invasion of Iraq has brought disaster to the people, but a bonanza for US companies. It gave US and British oil companies access to Iraq¿s oil reserves. The US government controls the Development Fund for Iraq, where, by UN mandate, Iraq¿s oil revenues are deposited for the Iraqi people¿s benefit. The Coalition Provisional Authority claimed that most of the Fund paid for contracts to Iraqi companies, but 85% of the $2.2 billion went to US companies, mostly to Kellogg, Brown & Root, a subsidiary of Dick Cheney¿s Halliburton. The 1999 Silk Road Strategy Act spelt out long-term US policy, ¿It shall be the policy of the United States in the countries of the South Caucasus and Central Asia ¿ to help promote market-oriented principles and practices ¿ to support United States business interests and investments in the region.¿ The effects have been dire: in Kazakhstan, for example, since its counter-revolution, wages have been cut by more than 50%, poverty and corruption have soared and health care has worsened. In Azerbaijan, 68% of the population now live in absolute poverty. The US has exercised influence in West Africa through the World Bank. So in oil-rich Nigeria, 66% of the population live in absolute poverty, up from 43% in 1986. In Angola, 82% live in poverty. In Colombia, the number of poor rose from 60% in 1995 to 64% in 2000. The state is warring on the people: the USA backs it as part of the `war on terror¿, although no US citizens have been killed in Colombia. In Venezuela, by contrast, life for the people is improving as the nation reclaims its resources and defends its sovereign independence. The government funds free medical care, subsidises food, enrols ever more children in schools, and distributes land. 20,000 Cuban doctors and health educators are helping to improve people¿s health. Hugo Chavez won 57% of the votes in the 1998 presidential election. In 1999, 70% of voters approved the new Constitution, which allowed the recall of all elected officials, including the President, and increased democratic participation in decision-making. Chavez won 59% of the votes in the 2004 referendum.

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