The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam

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Overview

"The crusades were penitential war pilgrimages fought in the Levant and the eastern Mediterranean, as well as in North Africa, Spain, Portugal, Poland, the Baltic region. Hungary, the Balkans, and Western Europe. Beginning in the eleventh century and ending as late as the eighteenth, these holy wars were waged against Muslims and other enemies of the Church, enlisting generations of laymen and laywomen to fight for the sake of Christendom." "Crusading features prominently in today's religio-political hostilities, yet the perceptions of these wars held by Arab nationalists, pan-Islamists, and many in the West have been deeply distorted by the language and imagery of nineteenth-century European imperialism. With this book, Jonathan Riley-Smith returns to the actual story of the Crusades, explaining why and where they were fought and how deeply their narratives and symbolism became embedded in popular Catholic thought and devotional life." From this history, Riley-Smith traces the legacy of the Crusades into modern times, specifically within the attitudes of European imperialists and colonialists and within the beliefs of twentieth-century Muslims. Europeans fashioned an interpretation of the Crusades from the writings of Walter Scott and a French contemporary, Joseph-Francois Michaud. Scott portrayed Islamic societies as forward thinking, while casting Christian crusaders as culturally backward and often morally corrupt. Michaud, in contrast, glorified crusading, and his followers used its imagery to illuminate imperial adventures. These depictions have had a profound influence on contemporary Western opinion, as well as on Muslim attitudes toward their past and present. Whetherregarded as a valid expression of Christianity's divine enterprise or condemned as a weapon of empire, crusading has been a powerful rhetorical tool for centuries. In order to understand the preoccupations of Islamist jihadis and the character of Western discourse on the Middle East. Riley-Smith argues that we must understand how images of crusading were formed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
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Editorial Reviews

First Things

Brimming with insights, approachable by anyone interested in the subject.

— Thomas F. Madden

About.com

This is a powerhouse of a book, enlightening, well-written and accessible, and I recommend it to anyone who wants to understand the crusades.

— Melissa Snell

The International History Review

An excellent book.

— John France

Booklist (starred review)

This richly informed little book should be considered essential for understanding crusading, then and now.

Booklist - Editors' Choice

A Booklist 2008 Editors' Choice

Catholic Historical Reivew

This slender volume provides an interesting insight into the way in which contemporary history has had an impact on studies of the crusades.

— James M Powell

Booklist (starred review)

This richly informed little book should be considered essential for understanding crusading, then and now.

About.com
This is a powerhouse of a book, enlightening, well-written and accessible, and I recommend it to anyone who wants to understand the crusades.

— Melissa Snell

Booklist - Editors' Choice

A Booklist 2008 Editors' Choice

Catholic Historical Reivew

This slender volume provides an interesting insight into the way in which contemporary history has had an impact on studies of the crusades.

— James M Powell

First Things
Brimming with insights, approachable by anyone interested in the subject.

— Thomas F. Madden

The International History Review
An excellent book.

— John France

Booklist
A Booklist 2008 Editors' Choice
Catholic Historical Review
This slender volume provides an interesting insight into the way in which contemporary history has had an impact on studies of the crusades.

— James M Powell

Adam Kosto

The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam is a very important intervention on a topic not only of current interest but also of pressing importance. Jonathan Riley-Smith shows why and how history matters.

From the Publisher

Jonathan Riley-Smith has written a scintillating and thought-provoking book. He provides a compelling survey not just of the place of crusading in medieval reflection about the ethics of violence and the Christian's achievement of salvation but also of how the revival of crusading rhetoric by nineteenth-century imperialists generated the Islamic association of crusading with 'Western' aggression that is so conspicuous today.

About.com - Melissa Snell

This is a powerhouse of a book, enlightening, well-written and accessible, and I recommend it to anyone who wants to understand the crusades.

Catholic Historical Reivew - James M Powell

This slender volume provides an interesting insight into the way in which contemporary history has had an impact on studies of the crusades.

First Things - Thomas F. Madden

Brimming with insights, approachable by anyone interested in the subject.

The International History Review - John France

An excellent book.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231146241
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 9/23/2008
  • Series: Bampton Lectures in America Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 136
  • Sales rank: 876,928
  • Product dimensions: 5.70 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Jonathan Riley-Smith, Dixie Professor Emeritus of Ecclesiastical History at the University of Cambridge, is the author of nine books, including The Knights of St. John in Jerusalem and Cyprus, c. 1050--1310; The Feudal Nobility and the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1174--1277; What Were the Crusades? fourth edition; The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading; The Crusades: A History, second edition; The First Crusaders, 1095--1131; and Templars and Hospitallers as Professed Religious in the Holy Land.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Ch. 1 Crusades as Christian Holy Wars 9

Ch. 2 Crusades as Christian Penitential Wars 29

Ch. 3 Crusading and Imperialism 45

Ch. 4 Crusading and Islam 63

Conclusion 79

Notes 81

Bibliography 103

Index 117

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