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In Crypto Anarchy, Cyberstates, and Pirate Utopias, Peter Ludlow extends the approach he used so successfully in High Noon on the Electronic Frontier,offering a collection of writings that reflects the eclectic nature of the online world, as well as its tremendous energy and creativity. This time the subject is the emergence of governance structures within online communities and the visions of political sovereignty shaping some of those communities. Ludlow views virtual communities as laboratories for conducting experiments in the construction of new societies and governance structures. While many online experiments will fail, Ludlow argues that given the synergy of the online world, new and superior governance structures may emerge. Indeed, utopian visions are not out of place, provided that we understand the new utopias to be fleeting localized "islands in the Net" and not permanent institutions.The book is organized in five sections. The first section considers the sovereignty of the Internet. The second section asks how widespread access to resources such as Pretty Good Privacy and anonymous remailers allows the possibility of "Crypto Anarchy"—essentially carving out space for activities that lie outside the purview of nation states and other traditional powers. The third section shows how the growth of e-commerce is raising questions of legal jurisdiction and taxation for which the geographic boundaries of nation-states are obsolete. The fourth section looks at specific experimental governance structures evolved by online communities. The fifth section considers utopian and anti-utopian visions for cyberspace.Contributors Richard Barbrook, John Perry Barlow, William E.
Baugh Jr., David S. Bennahum, Hakim Bey, David Brin, Andy Cameron, Dorothy E.
Denning, Mark Dery, Kevin Doyle, Duncan Frissell, Eric Hughes, Karrie Jacobs, David Johnson, Peter Ludlow, Timothy C. May, Jennifer L. Mnookin, Nathan Newman, David G.
Post, Jedediah S. Purdy, Charles J. Stivale.
|About the Contributors|
|1||New Foundations: On the Emergence of Sovereign Cyberstates and Their Governance Structures||1|
|I||The Sovereignty of Cyberspace?||25|
|2||A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace||27|
|3||Getting Our Priorities Straight||31|
|4||United Nodes of Internet: Are We Forming a Digital Nation?||39|
|6||the Crypto Anarchist Manifesto||61|
|7||Crypto Anarchy and Virtual Communities||65|
|8||A Cypherpunk's Manifesto||81|
|9||The Future of Cryptography||85|
|10||Afterword to "The Future of Cryptography"||103|
|11||Re: Denning's Crypto Anarchy||105|
|12||Hiding Crimes in Cyberspace||115|
|III||Shifting Borders: How VR Is Claiming Jurisdiction from RL||143|
|13||Law and Borders: The Rise of Law in Cyberspace||145|
|14||Anarchy, State, and the Internet: An Essay on Lawmaking in Cyberspace||197|
|15||Prop 13 Meets the Internet: How State and Local Government Finances Are Becoming Road Kill on the Information Superhighway||213|
|IV||The Emergence of Low and Governance Structures in Cyberspace||243|
|16||Virtual(ly) Law: The Emergence of Law in LambdaMOO||245|
|17||"help manners": Cyberdemocracy and Its Vicissitudes||303|
|18||Due Process and Cyberjurisdiction||329|
|19||Virtual Magistrate Project Press Release||339|
|20||Virtual Magistrate Issues Its First Decision||343|
|V||Utopia, Dystopia, and Pirate Utopias||347|
|22||The God of the Digerati||353|
|25||The Temporary Autonomous Zone||401|
|App||Interview with Noam Chomsky on Anarchism, Marxism, and Hope for the Future||435|
|Index of Corporations, Organizations, Agencies, and Other Groups||459|