Cultivating Democracy: Civic Environments and Political Socialization in America / Edition 1

Cultivating Democracy: Civic Environments and Political Socialization in America / Edition 1

by James G. Gimpel, J. Celeste Lay, Jason E. Schuknecht
     
 

Scholars across several social science disciplines have indicated that the behavior described by the term "civic engagement" is girded by a set of attitudes that show knowledge about, and positive evaluations of, government and politics. Drawing on extensive interviews with high school students from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds, Cultivating Democracy

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Overview

Scholars across several social science disciplines have indicated that the behavior described by the term "civic engagement" is girded by a set of attitudes that show knowledge about, and positive evaluations of, government and politics. Drawing on extensive interviews with high school students from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds, Cultivating Democracy examines the sources of those attitudes, including individual characteristics, and the qualities of local environments that shape the experiences of late adolescence.

The authors gathered data on adolescent attitudes by interviewing students in a wide variety of locations, from Baltimore's inner city and suburbs to the most affluent communities in Montgomery County, Maryland. Focusing initially on attitudes toward ethnic diversity and immigration, the authors expanded their focus to the political socialization of young people, including patriotism and political knowledge and participation.

The authors demonstrate how political socialization is shaped through the social messages presented to citizens by others. According to Gimpel, Lay, and Schuknecht, while formal education as a means of socializing youth is critically important, other useful means for communicating positive socializing messages, through political parties, elections, and the media, have been ignored. They recommend compensatory strategies to promote civic engagement among those who are at risk to be nonparticipants.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815731542
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
06/15/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
278
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Meet the Author

James G. Gimpel is a professor in the Government and Politics Department at the University of Maryland, College Park. J. Celeste Lay is a graduate student in the government and politics department at the University of Maryland. Jason E. Schuknecht is a senior research analyst at Westat, Inc.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
1Becoming Political: Local Environments and Political Socialization1
2Communities and Political Socialization44
3Racial Group Membership, Neighborhood Context, and Political Socialization65
4Party Identification, Political Context, and Political Socialization95
5Religion and Political Socialization122
6Schools, Civic Education, and Political Socialization145
7The Terrorist Attacks as Politically Socializing Events169
8Local Contexts and the Multiple Futures of Generation Y193
App. A: Sample Characteristics and Description215
App. B: Survey Items, Coding, and Descriptive Statistics220
App. C: Factor Analysis of Dependent Variables228
App. DDescription of Structural Equation Modeling and Hierarchical Linear Modeling235
App. E: Factor Analysis Results from Chapter 7243
References245
Further Resources262
Index273

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