Cultural Differences Between The Military And Parent Society In Democratic Countries

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More About This Textbook


This book is a report of cross-national research on the civil-military cultural differences in democratic societies, particularly centred on the attitudes of national elites, here considered as being mainly composed of professionals. The research studies the question: "What are the differences betweenthe values, opinions and attitudes of military officers and those of professionals belonging to other categories? What is the effect of these differences on society in each country, and on the national security sector? What are the current trends of this gap?" Researchers investigated a sample of cadets at military academies and their generational peers at civilian universities ("future elites"). An expert survey was also employed to sample "present elites", both civilian and military. The report is divided into three parts: the first describes the methodological aspect of the research; the second part, taking a comparative international approach, analyzes the results of the research with respect to the main survey themes; the third part continues the volume by examining specific national themes in the context of the results of the cross-national comparison developed in the preceding part.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780444530240
  • Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
  • Publication date: 6/1/2007
  • Pages: 374
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.88 (d)

Table of Contents

Theoretical Framework
Value orientations and political attitudes Socialisation
Media and public opinion
Security policy and threat perception
Democratic control
New missions and changing of organizations
National differences
Civil-Military Relations in Bulgaria
Civil cultural and military models in
France : common models ?
The Civil-Military Gap among German
Future Elites
The Cultural Gap Between the Military
and the Parent Society in Italy
The Civil-Military Gap in the Netherlands
The civil military gap in Romania
Some remarks on civil-military relations in Poland
The historical basis for civil-military
relations in Slovenia
Civil military relations and the emergence of a civil military gap in South Africa
The difficulties faced by civil-military relations undergoing constant improvement
in Spain since 1975
The Swedish Armed Forces — recent
developments and future strategy
The Structural Basis of the Swiss
A comparison of civil-military attitudes:
the case of Turkey
Comparison of current and future elites
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