Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology: Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring / Edition 1
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Cultural Heritage and Aerobiology: Methods and Measurement Techniques for Biodeterioration Monitoring / Edition 1

by Paolo Mandrioli
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1402016220

ISBN-13: 9781402016226

Pub. Date: 10/28/2003

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

This is a specialised study of aerobiology, or the field that examines the biological components within the atmosphere and how these effect living systems and the environment. Here the authors look at different methods of analysing the risks of degradation on artefacts and buildings and measurement techniques for biodetermination monitoring, thus enabling the planning

Overview

This is a specialised study of aerobiology, or the field that examines the biological components within the atmosphere and how these effect living systems and the environment. Here the authors look at different methods of analysing the risks of degradation on artefacts and buildings and measurement techniques for biodetermination monitoring, thus enabling the planning of preventive or reparative intervention. This is an English translation of Aerobiologia e Beni Culturali published in 1998.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402016226
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
10/28/2003
Edition description:
2004
Pages:
243
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

Contributorsxi
Prefacexiii
Acknowledgmentsxiv
Part 1.Introduction to Biodeterioration and Human Health
Chapter 1The Biological Aerosol as a Factor of Biodeterioration3
1.Introduction3
1.1Biological Alteration Processes and Conditioning Factors3
1.2Biodeterioration of Materials Forming Pieces of Cultural Property6
1.2.1Biodeterioration of Organic Materials7
1.2.1.1Paper7
1.2.1.2Wood10
1.2.1.3Textiles12
1.2.1.4Parchment and Leather13
1.2.1.5Paintings (Ground Layers and Pigments)15
1.2.1.6Plastics16
1.2.2Biodeterioration of Inorganic Materials18
1.2.2.1Stone materials19
1.2.2.2Glass21
1.2.2.3Metals22
1.3Aerobiology Applied to Cultural Heritage22
1.3.1Biological Aerosol and Biodeterioration22
1.3.2Origin and Dispersion of Biological Matter in the Air23
Chapter 2Pathogenic Microorganisms and Situations of Risk to Man31
2.Introduction31
2.1Indoor Pollution and Effects on Human Health31
2.2Biological Pollution and Risk Situations37
2.3Studies on the Quality of Air in Libraries and Archives41
Part 2.Environmental Measurements for Aerobiological Monitoring
Chapter 3Measurement of Environmental Physical Parameters47
3.Introduction47
3.1Measurement of Physical Parameters48
3.1.1Temperature48
3.1.2Moisture51
3.1.3Air Movements54
3.1.4Light59
3.2Measuring Methods64
3.2.1Indoor Measurements64
3.2.2Outdoor Environment66
3.2.3Microclimatic Monitoring67
3.2.4Data Processing70
3.3Influence of Physical Parameters on the Development of Organisms that Promote Biodeterioration73
Chapter 4Chemical Parameters and Development of Biodeteriogens81
4.Introduction81
4.1Types of pollutants82
4.1.1Inorganic compounds of atmospheric particulate84
4.1.2Gaseous inorganic compounds85
4.1.3Organic compounds87
4.2Pollutants Promoting the Growth of Microorganisms87
4.3Growth-inhibiting pollutants90
4.3.1Types of Substrates91
4.4Detection of Pollutants93
4.4.1Active Methods94
4.4.1.1Liquid impingers95
4.4.1.2Denuders97
4.4.2Passive Methods97
4.5Data Processing100
Part 3.Methods and Measurement Techniques for Aerobiological Monitoring
Chapter 5Monitoring the Biological Aerosol107
5.Introduction107
5.1Principles of Atmospheric Dispersion of Particles110
5.1.1Deposition110
5.1.2Settling velocity111
5.1.3Density113
5.1.4Coagulation113
5.1.5Impact114
5.1.6Deposition in Precipitations114
5.2Sampling Principles116
5.2.1Gravitational Deposition118
5.2.2Impact119
5.2.3Suction119
5.2.4Filtration120
5.2.5Electrostatic Precipitation121
5.2.6Thermal Precipitation121
5.2.7Impingement121
5.3Sampling Equipment122
5.3.1Deposition Samplers122
5.3.2Impaction Samplers123
5.3.3Liquid impingers130
5.4Strategy of Aerobiological Sampling Techniques131
5.4.1Choice of Aerobiological Monitoring Method135
5.4.2Criteria for Indoor Aerobiological Monitoring136
5.4.3Sampling Site137
5.4.4Timing and Duration of Sampling138
5.4.5Influence of Heating and Conditioning Systems139
5.4.6Choice of Sampling Technique140
Chapter 6Analysis of the Biological Aerosol145
6.Introduction145
6.1Methods for Analysis of Biological Aerosol146
6.2Bacteria and Actinomycetes150
6.2.1Ecological and Functional Characteristics150
6.2.2Autotrophic Bacteria151
6.2.3Heterotrophic Bacteria152
6.2.4Specific Analysis Methods154
6.3Fungi156
6.3.1Ecological and Functional Characteristics156
6.3.2Specific Analysis Methods158
6.4Cyanobacteria and Algae159
6.4.1Ecological and Functional Characteristics159
6.4.2Specific Analysis Methods160
6.5Lichens163
6.5.1Ecological and Functional Characteristics163
6.5.2Specific Sampling Methods165
6.6Higher Plants and Mosses166
6.6.1Ecological and Functional Characteristics166
6.6.2Specific Sampling Methods167
Part 4.Aerobiological Monitoring for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Chapter 7Libraries and Archives175
7.Introduction175
7.1Specific Contexts175
7.1.1Types of Environments and Their Climates176
7.1.1.1Types of Buildings176
7.1.1.2Remarks on microclimates177
7.1.1.3Types of Shelves and their Microclimates179
7.1.2Types of Materials and their Biodegradability181
7.1.2.1Hygroscopicity of Materials and Biodeterioration Processes182
7.1.3Biodeteriogens of Library and Archive Materials184
7.2State of Researches of Aerobiology in Archives and Libraries187
7.3Aerobiological Sampling in Libraries and Archives189
Chapter 8Museums195
8.Introduction195
8.1Aspects to be Considered195
8.1.1Types of Museums195
8.1.1.1Types of Environments and Relevant Microclimates196
8.1.1.2Types of Exhibition198
8.1.2Types of Materials Preserved201
8.1.3Biodeteriogens201
8.2State of Aerobiological Researches in Museums203
8.3Aerobiological Sampling in Museum Environments203
Chapter 9Churches and Hypogea207
9.Introduction207
9.1Types of Environments and their Microclimates207
9.1.1Churches207
9.1.2Hypogea209
9.2Types of Materials Preserved210
9.3Biodeteriogens211
9.4State of Aerobiological Research on Churches and Hypogea217
9.5Aerobiological Sampling in Churches and Hypogea221
Chapter 10Outdoor Environments225
10.Introduction225
10.1Specific Goals225
10.2Types of Materials Exposed and Conditions of Exposure229
10.3Biodeteriogens of Materials Used in Buildings231
Index235
Colour Plates239

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