Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives

Overview

A unique chance to explore different aspects of place, heritage, and tourism

For many nations around the world, cultural tourism is not only a major industry but also a support for national identity and a means for preserving heritage. Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives brings together in one volume interdisciplinary explorations of cultural tourism from leading international authorities in different locations around the world. Experts from the Cultural Tourism ...

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Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives

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Overview

A unique chance to explore different aspects of place, heritage, and tourism

For many nations around the world, cultural tourism is not only a major industry but also a support for national identity and a means for preserving heritage. Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives brings together in one volume interdisciplinary explorations of cultural tourism from leading international authorities in different locations around the world. Experts from the Cultural Tourism Research Group of the Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) discuss major issues that have emerged from the ATLAS research program over the past decade. Students and practitioners can examine important global and local issues such as authenticity, ’placelessness’, the changing relationships between local communities and tourists, the changing meaning of religious heritage, festivals, and special events.

Cultural Tourism presents a unique view of global and local cultural tourism issues in four main sections. The first part is a collection of discussions on the tensions caused by globalization, with an emphasis on the issue of authenticity. The second part focuses on cultural tourism demand, with examinations on the motivations and behavior of cultural tourists in various destinations. The third section spotlights the relationship between tourists, residents, and local culture. The final part examines ways cultural events can develop tourism. 72 figures and tables make complex information easy to access and understand.

Topics in Cultural Tourism include:

  • interpretation of ’authentic’ culture
  • growth of ’township tourism’
  • the success or failure of community-based tourism projects
  • impact of globalization on distinctiveness of place
  • analysis of tourism development based on new cultural attractions and ethnic diversity
  • basic steps needed to establish, manage, and market cultural routes
  • case study of Castilla y Leon in Spain—trying to find ways to effectively compete with coastal areas
  • new types of cultural attractions, such as ’ecomuseums’
  • religious tourism
  • heritage as a tool for formal and informal learning
  • ’festivalization’
  • and much more!
Using research and studies from places around the world like Brazil, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, and the Netherlands, Cultural Tourism: Global and Local Perspectives provides a valuable window on the current state of cultural tourism and makes informative reading for practitioners, researchers, educators, and students.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780789031167
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 11/28/2006
  • Pages: 378
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

About the Editor

Contributors

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction: Global Trends in Cultural Tourism (Greg Richards)

Emergings Styles of Cultural Tourism

The Global Cultural Tourism Market

Structure of the Volume

PART I: TOURISM, GLOBALIZATION, AND AUTHENTICITY

Chapter 2. Cultural Tourism: Between Authenticity and Globalization (Frans Schouten)

Cultural Tourism

Authenticity

The Shaping of Cultural Identity

Conclusions

Chapter 3. Township Tourism-Blessing or Blight? The Case of Soweto in South Africa (Pranill Ramchander)

Introduction

Township Tourism

Formulation of the Research Problem

Aim and Objectives of the Study

Reasons for Selecting Soweto As the Study Area

The Soweto Township Tourism Trail

Township Tourism a Mixed Blessing

Methods of Data Collection Used in the Study

Profile of Respondents

Discussion of Principal Findings

Conclusion

Chapter 4. Developing Cultural Tourism in South Africa: Potential and Pitfalls (Jennifer Briedenhann and Eugenia Wickens)

Introduction

Background to the Study

Perspectives from the Literature

Initiating the Participatory Process

Planning the Project

Project Implementation

Capacity Building, Empowerment, and Self-Reliance

Networking and Support

Project Marketing

Wider Economic Benefits

The Current Situation

Concluding Remarks

PART II: CULTURAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD

Chapter 5. Space, Place, and Placelessness in the Culturally Regenerated City (Melanie Smith)

Introduction

When Space Becomes Place

When Place Becomes Placelessness

Planning for Place and Place Identity

Conclusion

Chapter 6. Cultural Tourism and the Development of NewTourism Areas in London (Robert Maitland)

Introduction

Tourism Development in Cities

New Urban Tourists

New Tourism Areas in Cities

Findings

Discussion

Conclusion

Chapter 7. Trailing Goethe, Humbert, and Ulysses: Cultural Routes in Tourism (László Puczkó and Tamara Rátz)

Introduction

The Concept and Features of Themed Routes

The Objectives of Setting Up a Themed Route

Creating and Operating Cultural Routes

Case Study: Cultural Avenue of Budapest

Chapter 8. Comparative Analysis of International Tourists in Inland Cultural Destinations: The Case of Castilla y León, Spain (Ana González, Miguel Cervantes, Mauro Miranda, Norberto Muñiz, and Carmen Rodríguez)

Introduction

Cultural Attractions in Tourism

Cultural Tourism in Castilla y León, Spain

Data Analysis and Discussion

Visitor Motivations

Tourist Behavior

Conclusions

PART III: SENSITIZING TOURISTS AND COMMUNITIES

Chapter 9. Transversal Indicators and Qualitative Observatories of Heritage Tourism (Jaume B. Franquesa and Marc Morell)

Introduction

Tourism, Heritage, and Sustainability

What Indicators Indicate

The Management of Heritage

Involvement and Citizenship

Touristification and Social Conflict

A Proposal: Qualitative Research and Observatories for Heritage Tourism

Chapter 10. Ecomuseums, Cultural Heritage, Development, and Cultural Tourism in the North of Portugal (Xerardo Pereiro Pérez)

The Development Role of Museums and Cultural Heritage

The Ecomuseu do Barroso As a Cultural Tourism Project

The Festa da Malhada and the Rota dos Artesãos: Ecomuseum, Community, and Cultural Tourism

Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Cross-Border Development

Chapter 11. Religious Tourism in Northern Portugal (Greg Richards and Carlos Fernandes)

Introduction

What Is Religious Tourism?

Spirituality and the Quest for Meaning

Religious Attractions-Supply and Demand

Religious Tourism in Portugal

Study Methodology

Results of Supply Analysis

Analysis of Visitors to Religious Sites

Conclusions

Chapter 12. Using Tourist Resources As Tools for Teaching and Creating Awareness of Heritage in a Local Community (Patricia de Camargo)

Introduction

Cultural Routes in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

Analysis of the Data Obtained in the Field Research

Mediterranean Voices

Conclusions

PART IV: CULTURAL EVENTS AND FESTIVALIZATION

Chapter 13. The Festivalization of Society or the Socialization of Festivals? The Case of Catalunya (Greg Richards)

Introduction

Cultural Events and Festivalization

Cultural Events in Catalunya

Cultural Events and Tourism

The Process of Festivalization

The Role of the "Local"

The Role of the "Tourist"

Conclusion

Chapter 14. Porto and Rotterdam As European Capitals of Culture: Toward the Festivalization of Urban Cultural Policy (Erik Hitters)

Introduction

The Festivalization of Urban Cultural Policy

Toward a Typology of European Cultural Capitals

Rotterdam 2001: European Cultural Capital

Porto

Comparison and Conclusion

Chapter 15. Economic Impact and Social Performance of Cultural Macrofestivals (Luis César Herrero, José Ángel Sanz, María Devesa, Ana Bedate, and María José del Barrio)

Culture As a Tool for Economic Development and the Festivalization of Cities Impact Studies Methodology

The Socioeconomic Impact of Salamanca 2002, European Capital of Culture Conclusions

Chapter 16. Conclusion: The Future of Cultural Tourism-Grounds for Pessimism or Optimism? (Greg Richards)

Future Research Directions

Index

Reference Notes Included

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