Culture and Psychology: People Around the World / Edition 2by David Matsumoto
Pub. Date: 12/01/1999
Publisher: Cengage Learning
David Matsumoto uses cross-cultural research as a platform to evaluate psychology as we know it and shows readers how to develop their own critical thinking skills. He encourages readers to raise questions about traditional knowledge and theories and to investigate the world around them so they can reap the benefits of diversity and turn its challenges into assets
David Matsumoto uses cross-cultural research as a platform to evaluate psychology as we know it and shows readers how to develop their own critical thinking skills. He encourages readers to raise questions about traditional knowledge and theories and to investigate the world around them so they can reap the benefits of diversity and turn its challenges into assets. The Second Edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect current developments in the field and provides an overview of how culture affects psychology to give students a framework they can use throughout the book.
Table of Contents
1. An Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology. What Psychology is All About. The Creation of Knowledge and Truth in Science. Understanding the Process of Research in Psychology. Cross-Cultural Research and Psychology. The Impact of Cross-Cultural Psychology: Gaining a Multicultural Perspective. The Goal of This Book.Glossary. 2. Understanding and Defining Culture. Why is it Important to Define Culture? The Use of the Term "Culture" in Everyday Language. A Definition of Culture. Pancultural Principles versus Culture-Specific Differences-Emics and Etics. An Introduction to Ethnocentrism and Stereotypes. Transforming Culture into a Measurable Construct. The Influence of Culture on Psychology. Conclusion. Glossary. 3. Culture and Self. Culture and Concepts of Self. An Example of Different Cultural Conceptualizations of Self: Independent and Interdependent Selves. Beyond Independent and Interdependent Self-Construals: Interrelated and Isolated Self-Concepts. Multicultural Identities. Conclusion. Glossary. 4. Culture and Intergroup Relations: Cultural and Psychological Influences on Ethnocentrism, Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Distrimination. Ethnocentrism and Intergroup Attitudes. Stereotypes. Prejudice, Discrimination, and ___isms. Going Beyond Prejudice and Discrimination. Conclusion. Glossary. 5. Evaluating Cross-Cultural Research. Why it is Important to Understand Cross-Cultural Research Methods. The Nature of Truth in Psychology and the Importance of Research. The Parameters and Conditions of Hypothesis Testing Research. Special Issues in Cross-Cultural Research. Guidelines for Reviewing Cross-Cultural Research. Conclusion. Glossary 6. Culture and Basic Psychological Processes. Culture and the Biological Bases of Behavior. Culture and Perception. Culture and Cognition. Culture and Consciousness. Culture and Intelligence. Conclusion. Glossary. 7. Culture and Development. Culture and Enculturation. Culture and Psychological Processes in Development. Conclusion. Glossary. 8. Culture and Gender. The Relationship of Gender and Culture to Mainstream Psychology. Some Definitions. Cross-Cultural Research on Gender. How Does Culture Influence Gender? Ethnicity and Gender in the U.S. Conclusion. Glossary. 9. Culture and Physical Health. Cultural Differences in the Definition of Health. Culture and Conceptions of the Body. Sociocultural Influences on Physical Health and Medical Disease Processes. Cultural Influences on Attitudes and Beliefs Related to Health and Disease. A Model of Cultural Influences on Physical Health. Cultural Differences in Dealing with Illness. Conclusion. Glossary. 10. Culture and Mental Health. Defining Abnormality. Culture and the Assessment of Abnormal Behavior. Culture and the Treatment of Abnormal Behavior. Conclusion. Glossary. 11. Culture and Emotion. The Importance of Emotion in our Lives. Culture and Emotion Expression. Culture and Emotion Perception. Culture and the Experience of Emotion. Culture and the Antecedents of Emotion. Culture and Emotion Appraisal. Culture and the Concept and Language of Emotion. Conclusion. Glossary. 12. Culture and Language: The Relationship Between Culture, Language, and Worldview. The Components of Language and Language Acquisition. Language Differences Across Cultures. Language and Worldview: The Case for Linguistic Relativity. Language and Behavior: The Special Case of Bilingualism. Conclusion. Glossary. 13. Culture and Nonverbal Behavior. What are Nonverbal Behaviors? Classifying the Functions of Nonverbal Behaviors. Verbal and Nonverbal Behaviors in Communication. Cultural Influences on Nonverbal. Behaviors and Their Implications for Communication. Cross-Cultural Research on Nonverbal Behaviors. Applied Studies Examining Cross-Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Behaviors. Conclusion. Glossary. 14. Intercultural Communication. Defining Communication. The Components of Communication. The Role of Culture in the Communication Process. Intracultural v. Intercultural Communication. Toward Effective Intercultural Communication. Conclusion. Glossary. 15. Culture and Personality. Defining Personality. Cross-Cultural Approaches to the Study and Understanding of Personality. Cross-Cultural Research on Personality. Culture and the Five Factor Model of Personality. The Measurement of Personality Across Cultures. The Measurement of Personality to Assess Psychopathology Across Cultures. Culture and Indigenous Personalities. Conclusion. Glossary. 16. Culture and Social Behavior. Culture and Ingroup/Outgroup Relationships. Culture, Person Perception, and Attractiveness. Culture and Interpersonal Attraction: Love, Intimacy, and Intercultural Marriages. Culture and Attributions. Culture and Aggression. Culture and Conformity, Compliance, Obedience, and Cooperation. Conclusion. Glossary. 17. Culture, Organizations, and Work. Culture and Organizations. Cultural Influences on Work Behaviors. Conclusion. Glossary. 18. Conclusion: Implications for Mainstream Psychology and Everyday Life. Implications for Mainstream Psychology: Challenges for Both Cross-Cultural and Mainstream Psychology. Implications for our Everyday Lives. Conclusion. Glossary.
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