Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies / Edition 3

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Leadership, Culture, and Organizations reports the results of a ten-year research program, the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness research program (GLOBE). GLOBE is a long-term program designed to conceptualize, operationalize, test, and validate a cross-level integrated theory of the relationship between culture and societal, organizational, and leadership effectiveness. A team of 160 scholars worked together since 1994 to study societal culture, organizational culture, and attributes of effective leadership in 62 cultures. Leadership, Culture, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies reports the findings of the first two phases of GLOBE. The book is primarily based on the results of the survey of over 17,000 middle managers in three industries: banking, food processing, and telecommunications, as well as archival measures of country economic prosperity and the physical and psychological well-being of the cultures studied. GLOBE has several distinguishing features. First, it is truly a cross-cultural research program. The constructs were defined, conceptualized, and operationalized by the multicultural team of researchers. Second, the industries were selected through a polling of the country investigators, and the instruments were designed with the full participation of the researchers representing the different cultures. Finally, the data in each country were collected by investigators who were either natives of the cultures studied or had extensive knowledge and experience in that culture. A unique feature of this book is that while it is an edited book and many experts have written the different chapters, unlike other edited books, it is a fully integrated, seamless, and cohesive book covering the many aspects of the theory underpinning the GLOBE.

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Editorial Reviews

Choice Magazine
"These studies will expand readers' understanding of varying values and practices acoss cultures and help prepare them for functioning in a world where global collaborations have become essential to business survival. This book is itself a product of cross-cultural collaborative efforts. The 170 social scientists and management scholars from across the world met the challenges of meshing their cultural values and practices in producing this fluid and coherent series of studies, which fir together like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. Summing up: Highly recommended. "— A. Hirsa
CHOICE - A. Hirsa
"These studies will expand readers' understanding of varying values and practices acoss cultures and help prepare them for functioning in a world where global collaborations have become essential to business survival. This book is itself a product of cross-cultural collaborative efforts. The 170 social scientists and management scholars from across the world met the challenges of meshing their cultural values and practices in producing this fluid and coherent series of studies, which fir together like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle. Summing up: Highly recommended."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761924012
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 3/1/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 848
  • Sales rank: 396,732
  • Product dimensions: 7.34 (w) x 10.18 (h) x 1.97 (d)

Meet the Author

Professor Robert J. House received his Ph.D. degree in Management from the Ohio State University. He went on to hold faculty appointments at Ohio State University, University of Michigan, City University of New York and the University of Toronto. In 1988 he was appointed the Joseph Frank Bernstein Professor Endowed Chair of Organization Studies at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. A prolific writer, he authored more than 130 journal articles, several of which have been reprinted in numerous anthologies. Among the multiple awards conferred, House received the award for Distinguished Scholarly Contribution to Management, the Eminent Leadership Scholar award, and the ILA Lifetime Achievement award, as well as many awards for outstanding publications. He also authored two papers, which are Scientific Citations Classics. House was the Principle Investigator and Founder of the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program (GLOBE). Further, he founded a non-profit foundation to sustain the GLOBE Project beyond his tenure including a board of directors and a constitution. House was a Fellow of the Academy of Management, American Psychological Association, and Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology. House’s major research interests were varied but focused on relationships among power, personality, and leadership in contributing to organizational performance. The last two decades of his life focused on the implications of cross-cultural variation for effective leadership. Prof. House passed away on November 1, 2011.

Paul J. Hanges is Professor, Industrial/Organizational Psychology, of the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland. He is also an affiliate of the University of Maryland’s R. H. Smith School of Business and the Zicklin School of Business (Baruch College). He is on the board of directors of OBA Bank. Paul’s research centers on three themes: a) human resource practices, team/organizational diversity and organizational climate, b) leadership, team-processes, and cross-cultural issues, and c) dynamical systems theory. He has written over 80 articles and book chapters. His publications have appeared in such journals as Advances in Global Leadership, American Psychologist, Psychological Bulletin, Journal of International Business Studies, and Leadership Quarterly. His research has won the M. Scott Myers Award for Applied Research from the Society of Industrial/Organizational Psychology twice: in 2004 for being an editor of the first GLOBE Book and in 2011 for his work on human resource selection processes. Paul is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, Association for Psychological Sciences, and the Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology and he was a founding member of the GLOBE Foundation and has been a principal investor of this project since its inception.

Multiple award-winning educator and author, Dr. Mansour Javidan received his MBA and Ph.D. degrees from the Carlson School at the University of Minnesota. He recently stepped down as Dean of Research and is currently the Garvin Distinguished Professor and Director of Najafi Global Mindset Institute ( at Thunderbird School of Global Management in Arizona.

Mansour is Past President and Chairman of the Board of the GLOBE Research Foundation. He is a coeditor of the first GLOBE book which won the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology’s (SIOP) award for "The M. Scott Myers Award for Applied Research in The Workplace”.

Dr. Javidan is designated an Expert Advisor by the World Bank and a Senior Research Fellow by the U.S. Army. He has published in Harvard Business Review, Journal of International Business Studies, Organization Science, Strategic Management Journal, Academy of Management Perspectives, Leadership Quarterly, Management International Review, Organizational Dynamics, Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences, and Journal of World Business.

He is Past Editor, Global Leadership, for the Journal of World Business. He is a Fellow of the Pan Pacific Business Association and was named in Lexington’s 2001/2002 Millennium Edition of the North American Who’s Who Registry and Empire’s 2003 Who’s Who Registry.

Peter W. Dorfman is Professor Emeritus of Management at New Mexico State University. He recently held the Bank of America Professorship in the Department of Management. He is currently Chairman of the Board of Directors and President of GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness Foundation). His Masters and Ph.D. degrees are from the University of Maryland. His articles on leadership, cross-cultural management, and employee discrimination have appeared in Leadership Quarterly, Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Perspectives, Organizational Dynamics, Journal of Management, Journal of World Business, Advances in International Comparative Management, Journal of International Business Studies, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Advances in Global Leadership. Dr. Dorfman’s current research involves investigating the impact of cultural influences on managerial behavior and leadership styles. He has been a co-principal investigator of the two decade-long Global Leadership and Organizational Behavioral Effectiveness (GLOBE) Research Project. As part of GLOBE, he has been a member of the GLOBE coordinating team, an executive board member, and an editor of the SIOP award winning book, Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 Societies.

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Table of Contents

Foreword - Harry Triandis
Preface - Robert J. House
Part 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction - Robert House
Chapter 2 Overview of the Globe Research Program - Robert House and Mansour Javidan
Part 2 Literature
Chapter 3 Literature Review - Mansour Javidan and Robert House
Chapter 4 Cultures and Leadership - Peter Dorfman and Robert House
Chapter 5 The Impact of Societal Culture and Industry on Organizational Culture - Marcus Dickson, Renee BeShears, and Vipin Gupta
Part 3 Project GLOBE: Research Methodolgy - Overview by Paul Hanges
Chapter 6 Research Design - Robert House, Paul Hanges, and Peter Dorfman
Chapter 7 The Linkage Between GLOBE Findings and Other Cross Cultural Information - Mansour Javidan and Markus Hauser
Chapter 8 The Development and Validation of the GLOBE Culture and Leadership Scales - Paul Hanges and Marcus Dickson
Chapter 9 Multi-source Construct Validity of GLOBE Scales - Vipin Gupta, Mary Sully de Luque, and Robert House
Chapter 10 Regional and Climate Clustering of Social Cultures - Vipin Gupta, Paul Hanges, Peter Dorfman, and Robert House
Chapter 11 Rational for GLOBE Statistical Analysis: Societal Rankings and Test of Hypotheses - Paul Hanges, Marcus Dickson, and Mina Sipe
Part 4 Empirical Findings - Intro by Mansour Javidan
Chapter 12 Performance Orientation - Mansour Javidan
Chapter 13 Future Orientation - Neal Ashkanasy, Vipin Gupta, Melinda Mayfield, and Edwin Trevor-Roberts
Chapter 14 Cross-Cultural differences in Gender Egalitarianism: Implications for Societies, Organizations, and Leaders - Cynthia G. Emrich, Florence L. Denmark, and Deanne Den Hartog
Chapter 15 Assertiveness - Deanne Den Hartog
Chapter 16 Individual and Collectivism - Michele J. Gelfand, D.P.S. Bhawuk, Lisa H. Nishii, & David J. Bechtold
Chapter 17 Power Distance - Dale Carl, Vipin Gupta with Mansour Javidan
Chapter 18 Humane Orientation in Societies, Organizations, and Leader Attributes - Hayat Kabasakal and Muzaffer Bodur
Chapter 19 Uncertainty Avoidance - Mary Sully de Luque, Mansour Javidan, and Ram Aditya
Chapter 20 Societal, Cultural, and Industry Influences on Organizational Culture - Felix Brodbeck, Paul Hanges, Marcus Dickson, Vipin Gupta, and Peter Dorfman
Chapter 21 Leadership and Cultural Variation: The Identification of Culturally Endorsed Leadership Profiles - Peter Dorfman, Paul Hanges, and Felix Brodbeck
Part 5 Conclusion
Chapter 22 Conclusions, (theoratical and practical) Implications, and future directions - Mansour Javidan, Robert House, Peter Dorfman, Vipin Gupta, Paul Hanges, and Mary Sully de Luque
Appendix A Correlations GLOBE Scales - Paul Hanges
Appendix B Response bias Outliers - Paul Hanges
Appendix C Hierarchical Linear Modeling - Paul Hanges, Mina Sipe, and Ellen Godfrey
Appendix D Confidence Internval Demonstration - Paul Hanges
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