Curbside Consultation of the Shoulder: 49 Clinical Questions / Edition 1

Curbside Consultation of the Shoulder: 49 Clinical Questions / Edition 1

by Gregory P., Ed. Nicholson Ed., Matthew Provencher
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1556428278

ISBN-13: 9781556428272

Pub. Date: 06/01/2008

Publisher: SLACK, Incorporated

Are you looking for concise, practical answers to those questions that are often left unanswered by traditional shoulder references? Are you seeking brief, evidence-based advice for complicated cases or controversial decisions? Curbside Consultation of the Shoulder: 49 Clinical Questions provides quick answers to the thorny questions most commonly

Overview

Are you looking for concise, practical answers to those questions that are often left unanswered by traditional shoulder references? Are you seeking brief, evidence-based advice for complicated cases or controversial decisions? Curbside Consultation of the Shoulder: 49 Clinical Questions provides quick answers to the thorny questions most commonly posed during a “curbside consultation” between orthopedic surgical colleagues.

Drs. Gregory P. Nicholson and Matthew T. Provencher have designed this unique reference which offers expert advice, preferences, and opinions on tough clinical questions commonly associated with the shoulder. The unique Q&A format provides quick access to current information related to the shoulder with the simplicity of a conversation between two colleagues. Numerous images, diagrams, and references are included to enhance the text and to illustrate the management of shoulders.

Curbside Consultation of the Shoulder: 49 Clinical Questions provides information basic enough for residents while also incorporating expert advice that even high-volume clinicians will appreciate. Practicing orthopedic surgeons, orthopedic residents, and medical students will benefit from the user-friendly and casual format and the expert advice contained within.

Some of the questions that are answered:

How do you manage first time shoulder dislocations in a high level athlete?
How do you diagnose and manage SLAP lesion, both in athletes and in laborers, and the impact of age on outcomes?
What are the indications for long head of biceps tenotomy versus tenodesis in RC repair surgery?
After an arthroscopic instability repair for recurrent anterior instability, when is the patient allowed to return to contact sports?
What are the indications of ORIF of an acute fracture of the mid-shaft clavicle?
What are the indications of ORIF and indications for hemiarthroplasty in the treatment of a proximal humerus fracture?
When is arthroscopic closure of the rotator interval indicated in the setting of shoulder instability—anterior, posterior, multidirectional?

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781556428272
Publisher:
SLACK, Incorporated
Publication date:
06/01/2008
Series:
Curbside Consultation
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Dedication
Acknowledgments
About the Editors
Contributing Authors
Preface

SECTION I: PHYSICAL EXAMINATION QUESTIONS
Question 1: What Are the Physical Examination Findings That Lead You to a Diagnosis of Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit in the
Throwing Athlete and What Nonoperative Treatment Options
Have Led to Improvement of the Condition?
Dan Solomon, MD

Question 2: What Physical Examination Tests or Findings and Radiographs
Do You Use to Diagnose Subacromial Impingement, and When
Do You Utilize Subacromial Injections?
Scott Youngblood, MD

Question 3: What Are the Physical Examination Findings (Signs and Symptoms,
Pertinent Positives and Negatives) That Direct You Toward a
Diagnosis of Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior Lesion?
Dan Solomon, MD

SECTION II: IMAGING QUESTIONS
Question 4: A 19-Year-Old Male Has Suffered Four Recurrent Dislocations During
Sporting Activity. He Has Been Able to Self-Reduce the Last Two
Episodes. What Is the Advanced Imaging Study of Choice?
Justin W. Chandler and Alex Creighton, MD

Question 5: What Are the Radiographic Views Necessary to Evaluate
Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder? Are These Adequate Prior to Total
Shoulder Arthroplasty, or Is an Advanced Imaging Study
(Computed Tomography Scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Indicated?
Samer S. Hasan, MD, PhD and David L. Saxton, MD

Question 6: What Is the Imaging Modality To Best Diagnose a Superior Labrum
Anterior to Posterior Tear and What Does It Look Like?
Craig S. Mauro, MD and Mark W. Rodosky, MD

SECTION III: SPORTS QUESTIONS
Question 7: How Do You Manage the Long Head of Biceps Tendon in a
28-Year-Old Weekend Athlete With a Type IV Superior Labrum
Anterior to Posterior Lesion That Involves Tearing Into the Biceps
and Affects at Least 25% of the Tendon Thickness?
Craig S. Mauro, MD and Mark W. Rodosky, MD

Question 8: A Volleyball Hitter Has Weakness of External Rotation and Visible
Atrophy of the Infraspinatus. What Are the Potential Causes, What
Are the Indications for Suprascapular Nerve Decompression, and
What Is the Operative Approach?
Dan Solomon, MD

Question 9: After a “Stinger” During a Football Game, There Is Weakness
of the Deltoid, Rotator Cuff, and Biceps and Triceps. Why Did This
Happen and When Would You Allow Him to Return to Play Again?
Justin W. Chandler and Alex Creighton, MD

Question 10: When Is the Patient Allowed to Return to Contact Sports After an
Arthroscopic Instability Repair for Recurrent Anterior Instability?
K. Blair Sampson, MD and Samer S. Hasan, MD, PhD

Question 11: What Is the Treatment for a Patient Who Presents With a
“Squeaking” Shoulder 4 Months After an Arthroscopic Labral
Repair Performed With a Bioabsorbable Tack?
Craig S. Mauro, MD and Mark W. Rodosky, MD

SECTION IV: PEDIATRIC QUESTIONS
Question 12: A 14-Year-Old Pitcher Presents With Shoulder and Arm Pain.
It Is Midseason. There Is No Instability, and the Pain Is Primarily
Over the Lateral Deltoid. Radiographs Reveal Widening of the
Lateral Aspect of the Proximal Humeral Physis. What Is the
Diagnosis and Treatment Strategy?
Christopher Dewing, MD, and Matthew T. Provencher, MD

Question 13: How Do You Treat a 14-Year-Old Female Who Can Voluntarily
Sublux the Shoulder Posteriorly and Anteriorly, and Has a Sulcus
Sign?
Ed Glenn, MD

SECTION V: TRAUMA QUESTIONS
Question 14: A 16-Year-Old Hockey Player Has a Collision With His Arm
Forcibly Extended. A Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan Reveals
a Lesser Tuberosity Fracture With 2 to 3 mm of Elevation and
2 mm of Medial Displacement. Is This Due to the Apophysis of the Lesser Tuberosity? And How Do You Diagnose and Manage
Traumatic Fractures of the Lesser Tuberosity of the Humerus?
G. Peter Maiers, II, MD and Samer S. Hasan, MD, PhD

Question 15: What Are the Indications for Open Reduction And Internal Fixation
of an Isolated Greater Tuberosity Fracture, and What Approach
and Operative Technique Is Appropriate?
Anand Murthi, MD and Dori Kelly

Question 16: What Are the Indications for Open Reduction And Internal
Fixation of an Acute Fracture of the Midshaft Clavicle?
Anand Murthi, MD

Question 17: What Are the Indications for Open Reduction And Internal
Fixation, and Indications for Hemiarthroplasty in the Treatment
of Proximal Humerus Fracture?
James M. Paci, MD and Matthew G. Scuderi, MD

Question 18: What Are the Indications for Surgery in a Symptomatic Surgical
Neck Nonunion, and Which Option (Open Reduction and Internal
Fixation Or Arthroplasty) Would You Choose?
Joseph Y. Choi, MD, PhD and Matthew G. Scuderi, MD

SECTION VI: RECONSTRUCTION QUESTIONS
Question 19: What Are the Indications and Options for Glenoid Resurfacing
in Young Patients With Glenohumeral Degenerative Joint Disease?
Joseph Y. Choi, MD, PhD and Matthew G. Scuderi, MD

Question 20: What Are Your Indications for Repair of an Acute Pectoralis Major
Tendon Tear and What Is Your Preferred Method of Fixation?
Christopher Dewing, MD and Matthew T. Provencher, MD

Question 21: A 40-Year-Old Laborer Has Shoulder Pain. An Electromyograph
Reveals Chronic Denervation of the Serratus Anterior Muscle
Without Reinnervation. What Is Your Preferred Treatment for
a Patient With Chronic Symptomatic Winging of the Shoulder
Due to Serratus Anterior Palsy?
Chris Ahmad, MD and John Bell

Question 22: How Do You Manage A Symptomatic Superior Labrum Anterior
to Posterior II Tear In Someone Older Than 45 Years of Age?
Tenotomy, Repair, or Tenodesis?
Clifford G. Rios, MD; Robert A. Arciero, MD; Anthony A. Romeo, MD;
and Augustus D. Mazzocca, MD

Question 23: What Are the Indications for Conservative Treatment Versus
Core Decompression Versus Arthroplasty in Avascular Necrosis
of the Humeral Head?
Sumant G. Krishnan, MD and Kenneth C. Lin, MD

Question 24: A 70-Year-Old Patient Is Referred With A Magnetic Resonance
Imaging Report That States a Supraspinatus Tear and Significant
Degenerative Changes of the Glenohumeral Joint. Do You Counsel
the Patient for Rotator Cuff Repair, Total Shoulder Replacement With
Cuff Repair, or a Reverse Shoulder Replacement?
Michael Pearl, MD

Question 25: How Do You Work Up the Clinical Situation of Aseptic Loosening
Versus Possible Occult Infection in a Total Shoulder With Incomplete
2-mm Lucent Lines Around the Cemented Glenoid?
Gregory P. Nicholson, MD

Question 26: A Patient With Shoulder DJD and in Need of a Shoulder
Arthroplasty Has a Significant Loss of External Rotation at the
Side of –15 Degrees Under Anesthesia. What Are the Options
for Subscapularis Management, and What Approach Would Be
Appropriate?
Michael Pearl, MD

Question 27: What Are the Relative Indications for Reverse Total Shoulder
Arthroplasty?
Michael Pearl, MD

Question 28: There Is Atrophy of the Trapezius After Lymph Node Biopsy
18 Months Ago in the Posterior Cervical Triangle. What Are the
Surgical Options and Techniques to Address Trapezius Muscle Palsy?
Scott Youngblood, MD

Question 29: What Is the Best Arthroplasty Option in a Shoulder With
Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Matthew D. Williams, MD and T. Bradley Edwards, MD

Question 30: What Are the Indications for a Hemiarthroplasty Versus an
Osteochondral Allograft in a Patient With a Locked Posterior
Dislocation and Large Reverse Hill-Sachs Lesion?
Michael Freehill, MD

Question 31: What Is the Management of Symptomatic Subscapularis Deficiency
After Previous Shoulder Surgery?
Gregory P. Nicholson, MD

SECTION VII: ROTATOR CUFF QUESTIONS
Question 32: When Is It Appropriate to Begin Resistive Strengthening Exercises
After the Repair of a 3.5-cm Supraspinatus Tear?
R. Michael Gross, MD and Joseph Carney, MD

Question 33: What Are the Indications for an Arthroscopic Subacromial
Decompression in a Weekend Athlete With Shoulder Pain?
R. Michael Gross, MD and Joseph Carney, MD

Question 34: A 35-Year-Old Has Subacromial Impingement Symptoms.
At Arthroscopy, a Hypermobile Meso-Acromiale—Unfused
Acromial Epiphysis—Was Found. How Do You Manage a Patient
With a Symptomatic Os Acromiale (Meso-Acromion) That Is Due
to an Unfused Acromial Epiphysis?
Sumant G. Krishnan, MD and Paul Jarman, MD

Question 35: What Are the Indications for Long Head of Biceps Tenodesis
Versus Tenotomy in a Patient Undergoing Rotator Cuff Repair?
Clifford G. Rios, MD and Augustus D. Mazzocca, MD

Question 36: What Are the Indications for Débridement Versus Repair of a
Partial Articular-Side Tendon Avulsion Lesion?
Sumant G. Krishnan, MD and John Reineck, MD

Question 37: What Are the Indications to Utilize a Rotator Cuff Augmentation
Patch in the Repair of a Large or Massive Rotator Cuff Tear?
Matthew T. Provencher, MD and Gregory P. Nicholson, MD

Question 38: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Shows a 1-cm Supraspinatus Tear
With 5 mm of Retraction and No Atrophy of the Muscle. What
Are the Indications for Conservative Management Versus Surgical
Intervention in a 55-Year-Old Golfer With Night Pain and Inability
to Play Golf?
John-Erik Bell, MD and Christopher S. Ahmad, MD

SECTION VIII: INSTABILITY QUESTIONS
Question 39: How Do You Evaluate a Patient After a Shoulder Trauma for
a Posterior Dislocation? (The Patient Presents to You in the Sling
1 Week Later With –15 Degrees of External Rotation.) And If
Dislocated, What Is Your Preferred Treatment?
Anand Murthi, MD

Question 40: At Arthroscopy for Anterior Instability, There Is an “Inverted-Pear”
Glenoid, or 20% to 25% Loss of the Anteroinferior Glenoid. What
Would Be the Best Reconstructive Option With This Intraoperative
Finding?
Matthew D. Williams, MD and T. Bradley Edwards, MD

Question 41: What Are the Typical Findings in a Patient With Posterior
Instability and What Are the Indications for Open Versus
Arthroscopic Posterior Instability Repair in a High School
Offensive Lineman?
A. Dushi Parameswaran, MD and Matthew T. Provencher, MD

Question 42: How Do You Manage a High School Quarterback Who
Dislocates His Throwing Shoulder (First Time Dislocation) in the First Game of the Season? And How Do You Manage a
College Division 1 Quarteback Who Dislocates Their Shoulder in the First Game of the Season?
John-Erik Bell, MD and Christopher S. Ahmad, MD

Question 43: What Are the Preferred Management Options and Work-Up
for an Individual Who Presents 1 Year After a Failed Arthroscopic
Instability Repair?
Rodney J. Stanley, MD and T. Bradley Edwards, MD

Question 44: What Is the Optimal Placement of Suture Anchors in an Arthroscopic
Anterior Instability Repair and How Much Capsular Tissue
Should Be Tensioned in the Capsulolabral Repair?
Ed Glenn, MD

Question 45: How Do You Manage an Axillary Nerve Palsy After a Shoulder
Dislocation?
Michael Freehill, MD

Question 46: When Is Arthroscopic Closure of the Rotator Interval Indicated
in the Setting of Shoulder Instability—Anterior, Posterior,
Multidirectional?
Matthew T. Provencher, MD

SECTION IX: ACROMIOCLAVICULAR QUESTION
Chapter 47: How Do You Manage an Acute Grade III Acromioclavicular
Separation and When Do You Allow Return to Work and/or
Sport? What Are the Indications for Surgical Reconstruction
of AC Separation?
Clifford G. Rios, MD and Augustus D. Mazzocca, MD

Chapter 48: A Weightlifter Has Osteolysis of the Distal Clavicle on a Zanca
View Radiograph. The Pain Has Limited the Ability to Workout
and Lift Weights. How Do You Work-Up and Manage a Patient
With Acromioclavicular Joint Arthrosis?
Justin W. Chandler and Alex Creighton, MD

SECTION X: STIFFNESS QUESTION
Chapter 49: What Are the Indications for Manipulation Under Anesthesia
Versus Arthroscopic Release in a Patient With Stiffness After
Rotator Cuff Repair? And When Do You Consider Operative
Intervention in a Patient With Idiopathic Adhesive Capsulitis?
Michael Freehill, MD
Index

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