Curious Writer, The, Brief Edition / Edition 3

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Overview

The Curious Writer is an assignment-oriented rhetoric-reader that stresses the connections between personal and academic writing. Offering a unique, entertaining, and personal author voice, The Curious Writer is sure to grab the reader's interest and motivates writing. Also distinctive is The Curious Writer’s emphasis on inquiry as both a driving force behind the writing process and a method of discovery and learning.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205707652
  • Publisher: Longman
  • Publication date: 1/18/2010
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 704
  • Sales rank: 571,723
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xxxi

Acknowledgments xxxviii

PART1

THE SPIRIT OF INQUIRY 1

CHAPTER 1 WRITING AS INQUIRY 3

Motives for Writing 4

Beliefs About Writing 5

EXERCISE 1.1 What Do You Believe? 5

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Bernice’s Journal 6

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Journals 7

Unlearning Unhelpful Beliefs 7

The Beliefs of This Book 8

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Portfolios 9

Writing Situations and Rhetorical Choices 9

Habits of Mind 11

Start with Questions, Not Answers 11

Suspend Judgment 12

Search for Surprise 14

EXERCISE 1.2 A Roomful of Details 14

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Bernice’s Journal 15

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Invention Strategies 16

Writing as a Process 17

EXERCISE 1.3 What Is Your Process? 18

Thinking About Your Process 22

EXERCISE 1.4 Literacy Narrative Collage 22

Writing Creatively, Writing Critically: A Process of Writing 23

EXERCISE 1.5 Alternating Currents of Thought: Generating and Judging 25

Thinking and Writing Dialectically 26

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Organizing Your Computer Files 27

Opening Questions 29

Questions, Creativity, and Critical Thinking: A Strategy for Inquiry 30

EXERCISE 1.6 Writing with the Wrong Hand and Other Ways of Thinking About Yourself as a Writer 32

THEWRITING PROCESS 35

Inquiry Project: The Writing Literacy Memoir 35

SAMPLE STUDENT ESSAY Bernice Olivas, Writing a New path 36

EXERCISE 1.7 Taking a Reflective Turn 38

Using What You Have Learned 39

CHAPTER 2 READING AS INQUIRY 41

Motives for Reading 42

Beliefs About Reading 43

EXERCISE 2.1 What Do You Believe? 43

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Briana’s Journal 44

Reading Situations and Rhetorical Choices 45

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Briana’s Journal 47

EXERCISE 2.2 Reading Autobiography 50

Reading as a Process 51

Reading to Write 51

Goal-Directed Reading 53

EXERCISE 2.3 What Do You Know and When Did You Know It? 55

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Briana’s Journal 56

Inquiry Questions for Reading to Write 56

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Reading Perspectives 57

Reading Dialectically 61

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Visual Literacy: Reading Photographs 64

EXERCISE 2.4 Reading Creatively, Reading Critically 64

READINGS Bruce Ballenger, “The Importance of Writing Badly” 65

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Briana’s Journal 67

Read to Write and Write to Read 69

THE WRITING PROCESS 70

Inquiry Project: The Reading Literacy Memoir 70

STUDENT ESSAY Briana Duquette-Shackley, Reading Literacy Memoir 71

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS The Double-Entry Journal 73

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Encountering Unfamiliar Genres 74

Using What You Have Learned 75

PART2

INQUIRY PROJECTS 77

CHAPTER 3 WRITING A PERSONAL ESSAY 79

Writing About Experience 79

Motives for Writing a Personal Essay 80

The Personal Essay and Academic Writing 81

Features of the Form 82

READINGS83

PERSONAL ESSAY 1 Scott Russell Sanders, “Buckeye” 83

Inquiring into the Essay 88

PERSONAL ESSAY 2 Laura Zazulak, “Every Morning for Five Years” 89

Inquiring into the Essay 90

PERSONAL ESSAY 3 Judith Ortiz Cofer, “One More Lesson” 91

Inquiring into the Essay 94

SEEING THE FORM Nautilus Shell 95

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES The Personal Academic Essay 96

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Essaying “This I Belive” 97

THE WRITING PROCESS 98

Inquiry Project: Writing a Personal Essay 98

Thinking About Subjects 98

Generating Ideas 98

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Margaret’s Journal 99

Listing Prompts 99

Fastwriting Prompts 99

Visual Prompts 100

Research Prompts 101

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Clustering or Mapping 101

Judging What You Have 103

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 103

Questions About Purpose and Audience 103

Questions for Reflection 103

Writing the Sketch 104

STUDENT SKETCH Amanda Stewart, “Earning a Sense of Place” 105

Moving from Sketch to Draft 106

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 106

Questions for Peer Review 107

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 107

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 107

Composing the Draft 108

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS More than One Way to Tell a Story 109

Methods of Development 110

Using Evidence 111

Workshopping the Draft 111

Reflecting on the Draft 111

Questions for Readers 111

Revising the Draft 112

Polishing the Draft 113

STUDENT ESSAY Julia C. Arredondo, “Beet Field Dreams” 114

Evaluating the Essay 116

Using What You Have Learned 117

CHAPTER 4 WRITING A PROFILE 119

Writing About People 119

Motives for Writing a Profile 120

The Profile and Academic Writing 121

Features of the Form 122

READINGS123

PROFILE 1 Sonja Livingston, “Thumb-Sucking Girl” 123

Inquiring into the Essay 123

PROFILE 2 Anonymous, “Soup” 124

Inquiring into the Essay 126

PROFILE 3 Timothy Egan, “Alfalfa Bill” 128

Inquiring into the Essay 130

PROFILE 4 Gib Akin, “Learning About Work from Joe Cool” 131

Inquiring into the Essay 135

SEEING THE FORM Roy Takeno Reading Paper in Front of Office by Ansel Adams 136

THE WRITING PROCESS 137

Inquiry Project: Representative Profile 137

Thinking About Subjects 137

Generating Ideas 137

Listing Prompts 138

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Jennifer’s Journal 138

Fastwriting Prompts 139

Visual Prompts 139

Research Prompts 140

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Bruce’s Journal 140

Judging What You Have 140

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 141

Questions About Audience and Purpose 141

Interviewing 142

Making Contact 142

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Digital Profiles 143

Conducting the Interview 145

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Recording Interviews 146

Listening and Watching 146

INTERVIEW NOTES Margaret Parker, “Medical Student” 147

Writing the Sketch 149

Moving from Sketch to Draft 149

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 150

Questions for Peer Review 150

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 150

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 151

Composing the Draft 151

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Giving History a Face and a

Voice 151

Methods of Development 152

Using Evidence 152

Workshopping the Draft 152

Reflecting on the Draft 153

Questions for Readers 153

Revising the Draft 153

Polishing the Draft 154

STUDENT ESSAY Margaret Parker, “Medical Student” 156

Evaluating the Essay 158

Using What You Have Learned 159

CHAPTER 5 WRITING A REVIEW 161

Writing That Evaluates 161

Motives for Writing a Review 162

The Review and Academic Writing 163

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Evaluation Across the Disciplines 163

Features of the Form 164

READINGS166

REVIEW 1 Mark Kermode, “Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s

Chest” 166

Inquiring into the Essay 168

REVIEW 2 Ezra Dyer, “A Ton (Just Barely) of Fun” 170

Inquiring into the Essay 172

REVIEW 3 Seth Schiesel, “Grand Theft Auto Takes on New York” 173

Inquiring into the Essay 176

SEEING THE FORM Choosing the Best Picture 176

THE WRITING PROCESS 178

Inquiry Project: Writing a Review 178

Thinking About Subjects 178

Generating Ideas 178

Listing Prompts 178

Fastwriting Prompts 179

Visual Prompts 179

Research Prompts 179

Judging What You Have 180

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Online Product Reviews 180

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 181

Questions About Audience and Purpose 182

EXERCISE 5.1 From Jury to Judgment 182

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Sam’s Journal 184

Thinking About Criteria 184

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Collaborating on Criteria 185

Writing the Sketch 186

STUDENT SKETCH Sam Battey, “River Birch: A Diamond in the

Rough” 186

Moving from Sketch to Draft 188

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 188

Questions for Peer Review 189

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 189

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 189

Re-Experience 189

Interview 189

Read 190

Composing the Draft 190

Methods of Development 191

Using Evidence 191

Workshopping the Draft 191

Reflecting on the Draft 191

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Christy’s Journal 192

Questions for Readers 192

Revising the Draft 193

Polishing the Draft 193

STUDENT ESSAY Sam Battey, “River Birch: A Diamond in the

Rough” 195

Evaluating the Essay 197

Using What You Have Learned 197

CHAPTER 6 WRITING A PROPOSAL 199

Writing About Problems and Solutions 199

Problems of Consequence 200

Problems of Scale 201

Motives for Writing a Proposal 202

The Proposal and Academic Writing 202

Features of the Form 203

READINGS205

PROPOSAL 1 David S. Johnston, “Housing and Our Military” 205

Inquiring into the Essay 207

PROPOSAL 2 UC Santa Cruz Dining Services, “Green Dining” 208

Inquiring into the Essay 210

PROPOSAL 3 Michael Pollan, “Why Bother?” 211

Inquiring into the Essay 216

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Writing a Research Proposal 216

SEEING THE FORM A Problem in Pictures: “No Space for Bikes” 217

THE WRITING PROCESS 219

Inquiry Project: Writing a Proposal 219

Thinking About Subjects 219

Generating Ideas 219

Listing Prompts 219

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Caesar’s Journal 220

Fastwriting Prompts 220

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Gina’s Journal 221

Visual Prompts 222

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Causation 222

Research Prompts 223

Judging What You Have 223

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 223

Questions About Audience and Purpose 224

Questions of Form 224

Research Considerations 224

Writing the Sketch 225

STUDENT SKETCH Gina Sinisi, “Clothing Optional” 226

Moving from Sketch to Draft 227

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 227

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Gina’s Journal 227

Questions for Peer Review 228

Reflecting on What You Learned 228

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 228

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Grant Proposals and Group Ethos 229

Composing the Draft 230

Methods of Development 230

Using Evidence 231

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Evidence–A Case Study 232

Workshopping the Draft 232

Reflecting on the Draft 232

Questions for Readers 233

Revising the Draft 233

Polishing the Draft 235

STUDENT ESSAY Gina Sinisi, “Clothing Optional” 235

Evaluating the Essay 238

Using What You Have Learned 238

CHAPTER 7 WRITING AN ARGUMENT 241

Writing to Persuade People 241

What Is Argument? 242

Two Sides to Every Argument? 243

Argument and Inquiry 246

Suspending Judgment 246

Making Judgments 246

Analyzing Argument 247

Using Toulmin 249

Using Logical Fallacies 251

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Common Logical Fallacies 251

Motives for Writing an Argument 252

The Argument and Academic Writing 253

Features of the Form 254

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Public Argument in a Digital Age 256

READINGS257

ARGUMENT 1 Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, “The Language of War Is

Killing” 257

Inquiring into the Essay 258

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Some Basic Argument Strategies 259

ARGUMENT 2 Jeff Jacoby, “A Teacher with Faith and Reason” 260

Inquiring into the Essay 261

ARGUMENT 3 Loye Young, “Is Humiliation an Ethically Appropriate

Response to Plagiarism?” 263

Inquiring into the Essay 264

SEEING THE FORM The “Imagetext” as Argument 265

THE WRITING PROCESS 266

Inquiry Project: Writing a Public Argument 266

Thinking About Subjects 266

Generating Ideas 267

Listing Prompts 267

Fastwriting Prompts 267

Visual Prompts 268

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Ben’s Journal 268

Research Prompts 269

Judging What You Have 270

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 270

Questions About Audience and Purpose 271

Research Considerations 271

Narrowing the Question 273

Writing the Sketch 273

STUDENT SKETCH Ben Bloom, “How to Really Rock the Vote” 274

Moving from Sketch to Draft 275

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 275

Questions for Peer Review 275

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 276

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 276

Composing the Draft 278

Methods of Development 279

Using Evidence 280

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS What Evidence Can Do 280

Workshopping the Draft 281

Reflecting on the Draft 281

Questions for Readers 281

Revising the Draft 281

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Argument in Academic Disciplines 282

Polishing the Draft 283

STUDENT ESSAY Kelly Sundberg, “I Am Not a Savage” 284

Evaluating the Essay 286

Using What You Have Learned 286

CHAPTER 8 WRITING A CRITICAL ESSAY 289

Writing About Literature 289

Motives for Writing a Critical Essay 290

The Critical Essay and Academic Writing 291

Features of the Form 292

READINGS293

SHORT STORY 1 Ursula Le Guin, “The Ones Who Walk Away from

Omelas” 293

Inquiring into the Story 298

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Bernice’s Double-Entry Journal 298

SHORT STORY 2 Leslie Marmon Silko, “Lullaby” 300

Inquiring into the Story 307

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Noel’s Journal 308

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Why Literary Theory Is Not a Sleep Aid 308

ESSAY Sarah Vowell, “Shooting Dad” 310

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS How to Read Nonfiction 315

Inquiring into the Essay 316

SEEING THE FORM Christina’s World by Andrew Wyeth 316

THE WRITING PROCESS 319

Inquiry Project: Writing a Critical Essay 319

Thinking About Subjects 319

Generating Ideas 320

Listing Prompts 320

Fastwriting Prompts 320

Visual Prompts 321

Research Prompts 321

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Common Literary Devices 322

Judging What You Have 323

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 323

Questions About Audience and Purpose 324

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS What Is a “Strong Reading”? 325

Writing the Sketch 326

STUDENT SKETCH Bernice Olivas, “Who Are ‘The Ones Who Walk Away

from Omelas’?” 327

Moving from Sketch to Draft 328

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 328

Questions for Peer Review 328

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 328

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 329

Composing the Draft 329

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Literature on the Web 330

Methods of Development 331

Using Evidence 331

Workshopping the Draft 331

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Book Groups 332

Reflecting on the Draft 332

Questions for Readers 332

Revising the Draft 333

Polishing the Draft 333

STUDENT ESSAY Bernice Olivas, “Can You Really Walk Away?” 335

Evaluating the Essay 337

Using What You Have Learned 337

CHAPTER 9 WRITING AN ETHNOGRAPHIC ESSAY 339

Writing About Culture 339

Motives for Writing Ethnography 340

Ethnography and Academic Writing 340

Features of the Form 341

READINGS343

ETHNOGRAPHIC ESSAY 1 Judith Ortiz Cofer, “The Myth of the Latin

Woman: Just Met a Girl Named Maria” 344

Inquiring into the Essay 348

ETHNOGRAPHIC ESSAY 2 Patricia Leigh Brown, “For the Muslim Prom

Queen, There are no Kings Allowed” 350

Inquiring into the Essay 353

ETHNOGRAPHIC ESSAY 3 Rebekah Nathan, “My Freshman Year:

Worldliness and Worldview” 354

Inquiring into the Essay 357

SEEING THE FORM Mrs. Smith’s Kitchen Table and Vanity the Day After

She Died 358

THE WRITING PROCESS 359

Inquiry Project: Writing an Ethnographic Essay 359

Thinking About Subjects 359

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Commercial Ethnography 360

Generating Ideas 360

Listing Prompts 360

Fastwriting Prompts 361

Visual Prompts 362

Research Prompts 362

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Researching Trends and Subcultures on

the Web 363

Judging What You Have 363

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 363

Questions About Audience and purpose 364

Research Considerations 365

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Questions Ethnographers Ask 365

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Ethnography and Ethics 366

FIELD NOTES Rita Guerra, “Field Notes on Friday Afternoon at Emerald

Lanes” 368

Writing the Sketch 370

Moving from Sketch to Draft 371

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 371

Questions for Peer Review 371

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 371

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 372

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Useful Library Databases for

Ethnography 372

Composing the Draft 373

Methods of Development 373

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Digital Ethnography 373

Using Evidence 374

Workshopping the Draft 375

Reflecting on the Draft 375

Questions for Readers 375

Revising the Draft 375

Polishing the Draft 377

STUDENT ESSAY Kersti Harter, “Beyond ‘Gaydar’: How Gay Males

Identify Other Gay Males” 378

Evaluating the Essay 388

Using What You Have Learned 388

PART3

INQUIRING DEEPER 389

CHAPTER 10 WRITING A RESEARCH ESSAY 391

Writing with Research 391

Research Essays, Research Papers, and Research Reports 392

Motives for Writing a Research Essay 393

The Research Essay and Academic Writing 394

Features of the Form 395

READINGS397

UNDOCUMENTED RESEARCH ESSAY Brian Doyle, “Joyas Voladoras” 397

Inquiring into the Essay 399

DOCUMENTED RESEARCH ESSAY Beth Bailey, “The Worth of a

Date” 400

Inquiring into the Essay 404

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Reading Academic Research Essays 404

DOCUMENTED RESEARCH PAPER Tracy Lambert, Arnold Kahn, and

Kevin Apple, “Pluralistic Ignorance and Hooking Up” 405

Inquiring into the Essay 414

SEEING THE FORM Idaho State Penitentiary, Women’s Prison 415

THE WRITING PROCESS 417

Inquiry Project: Write a Research Essay 417

Thinking About Subjects 417

Generating Ideas 418

Listing Prompts 418

Fastwriting Prompts 418

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Julian’s Journal 419

Visual Prompts 419

Research Prompts 419

Judging What You Have 420

What’s Promising Material and What Isn’t? 421

Is It a Researchable Question? 421

Questions About Audience and Purpose 422

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Finding the Focusing Question 423

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Julian’s Journal 424

Writing the Sketch 424

STUDENT SKETCH Amy Garrett-Brown, “Why Do People Tan?” 425

Moving from Sketch to Draft 426

Evaluating Your Own Sketch 426

Questions for Peer Review 427

Reflecting on What You’ve Learned 427

Research and Other Strategies: Gathering More Information 427

Composing the Draft 428

Methods of Development 429

Using Evidence 430

Workshopping the Draft 431

Reflecting on the Draft 432

WRITING IN THE DISCIPLINES Being a Stranger in the Village 432

Questions for Readers 433

Revising the Draft 433

WRITING IN YOUR LIFE Everyday Research 435

Polishing the Draft 436

STUDENT ESSAY Gordon E. Seirup, “College Dating” 437

Evaluating the Essay 447

Using What You Have Learned 447

CHAPTER 11 RESEARCH TECHNIQUES 449

Methods of Collecting 449

Research in the Electronic Age 449

Magic Words That Open Doors 451

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS The Big Red Books (Online) 451

Google Your Boole 452

Developing Working Knowledge 456

A Strategy for Developing Working Knowledge 458

Developing Focused Knowledge 459

A Strategy for Developing Focused Knowledge 460

Library Research 460

Web Research 462

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Full-Text Articles and the

Convenience Trap 464

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Methods of Recording Information 465

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS The Working Bibliography 465

Evaluating Library Sources 466

Evaluating Web Sources 467

Writing in the Middle: Synthesizing Source Information and Your Own

Ideas 470

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS How to Annotate a Book 470

Double-Entry Journal 471

Research Log 471

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Claude’s Research Log 472

Interviews 474

Arranging Interviews 474

Conducting the Interview 475

Using the Interview in Your Writing 477

Surveys 478

Defining a Survey’s Goals and Audience 478

Types of Survey Questions 478

Crafting Survey Questions 479

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Types of Survey Questions 480

Conducting a Survey 481

Using Survey Results in Your Writing 482

Using What You Have Learned 483

CHAPTER 12 USING AND CITING SOURCES 485

Controlling Information 485

Using Sources 486

Summarizing 487

Paraphrasing 488

Quoting 489

Citing Sources 491

Avoiding Plagiarism 493

EXERCISE 12.1 The Accidental Plagiarist 494

MLA Documentation Guidelines 496

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS The Common Knowledge Exception 496

Citing Sources 497

Where to Put Citations 498

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Citations That Go with the Flow 498

When You Mention the Author’s Name 499

When There Is No Author 499

Works by the Same Author 500

When One Source Quotes Another 501

Personal Interviews 501

Several Sources in a Single Citation 501

Sample Parenthetical References for Other Sources 502

Format 504

The Layout 504

Preparing the Works Cited Page 507

Format 508

Citing Books 509

Sample Book Citations 511

Citing Periodicals 514

Sample Periodical Citations 516

Citing Nonprint and Other Sources 518

A Sample Paper in MLA Style 522

APA Documentation Guidelines 522

How the Essay Should Look 522

Page Format 522

Title Page 523

Abstract 523

Body of the Paper 523

References Page 526

Appendix 526

Notes 526

Tables and Figures 526

Language and Style 527

Citing Sources in Your Essay 527

When the Author Is Mentioned in the Text 527

When the Author Isn’t Mentioned in the Text 527

When to Cite Page Numbers 528

A Single Work by Two or More Authors 528

A Work with No Author 528

Two or More Works by the Same Author 528

An Institutional Author 529

Multiple Works in the Same Parentheses 529

Interviews, E-Mail, and Letters 529

New Editions of Old Works 530

A Web Site 530

Preparing the References List 530

Order of Sources 530

Order of Information 530

Sample References: Articles 533

Sample References: Books 534

Sample References: Other 538

A Sample Paper in APA Style 541

Using What You Have Learned 541

PART4

RE-INQUIRING 543

CHAPTER 13 REVISION STRATEGIES 545

Re-seeing Your Topic 545

Divorcing the Draft 546

Strategies for Divorcing the Draft 547

Photography as a Metaphor for Revision 548

Five Categories of Revision 550

Problems of Purpose 551

Revision Strategy 13.1: The Motive Statement 552

Revision Strategy 13.2: What Do You Want to Know About What You

Learned? 553

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Julia’s Draft 554

Revision Strategy 13.3: Finding the Focusing Question 554

Revision Strategy 13.4: What’s the Relationship? 556

Problems with Meaning 557

Where Does Meaning Come From? 557

Methods for Discovering Your Thesis 558

Revision Strategy 13.5: Find the “Instructive Line” 558

Revision Strategy 13.6: Looping Toward a Thesis 559

Revision Strategy 13.7: Reclaiming Your Topic 560

Revision Strategy 13.8: Believing and Doubting 561

Methods for Refining Your Thesis 562

Revision Strategy 13.9: Questions as Knives 562

Revision Strategy 13.10: Qualifying Your Claim 564

Problems with Information 564

Revision Strategy 13.11: Explode a Moment 565

Revision Strategy 13.12: Beyond Examples 566

Revision Strategy 13.13: Research 567

Revision Strategy 13.14: Backing up Your Assumptions 568

Problems with Structure 568

Formal Academic Structure 569

Revision Strategy 13.15: Beginnings, Middles, Ends, and the Work They Do 570

Revision Strategy 13.16: Reorganizing Around Thesis and Support 571

Revision Strategy 13.17: Multiple Leads 573

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Types of Leads 574

Revision Strategy 13.18: The Frankenstein Draft 574

Revision Strategy 13.19: Make a PowerPoint Outline 576

Problems of Clarity and Style 577

Solving Problems of Clarity 578

Revision Strategy 13.20: The Three Most Important Sentences 578

The First Sentence 578

The Last Line of the first Paragraph 578

The Last line of the Essay 579

Revision Strategy 13.21: Untangling Paragraphs 579

Revision Strategy 13.22: Cutting Clutter 581

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Transition Flags 582

Revision Strategy 13.23: The Actor and the Action Next Door 583

Improving Style 584

Revision Strategy 13.24: Actors and Actions 584

Revision Strategy 13.25: Smoothing the Choppiness 585

Revision Strategy 13.26: Fresh Ways to Say Things 586

Using What You Have Learned 587

CHAPTER 14 THE WRITER’S WORKSHOP 589

Making the Most of Peer Review 589

Being Read 589

Divorcing the Draft 590

Instructive Talk 591

Models for Writing Workshops 592

Full-Class Workshops 592

Small-Group Workshops 593

One-on-One Peer Review 594

The Writer’s Responsibilities 594

The Reader’s Responsibilities 595

What Can Go Wrong and What to Do About It 596

INQUIRING INTO THE DETAILS Finding a Role 596

EXERCISE 14.1 Group Problem Solving 597

ONE STUDENT’S RESPONSE Amy’s Perspective on Workshops 598

Methods of Responding 599

Experiential and Directive Responses 599

Response Formats 599

The No-Response Workshop 600

The Initial-Response Workshop 600

The Narrative-of-Thought Workshop 601

The Instructive-Lines Workshop 602

The Purpose Workshop 602

The Graphing Reader Interest Workshop 603

The Sum-of-the-Parts Workshop 604

The Thesis Workshop 605

The Editing Workshop 606

Reflecting on the Workshop 608

Using What You Have Learned 608

APPENDIX A The Writing Portfolio 609

What Is a Portfolio? 609

Types of Portfolios 610

Unevaluated Portfolios 610

Evaluated Portfolio 611

Why Require a Portfolio? 612

Organizing Portfolios 613

Writing a Reflective Letter or Essay 614

Final Preparations 616

APPENDIX B The Literature Review 617

What Is a Literature Review? 617

How to Write the Literature Review 618

Gathering Materials 618

Reading Strategies 619

Organizing 620

APPENDIX C The Annotated Bibliography 623

What Is an Annotated Bibliography? 623

How to Write an Annotated Bibliography 624

Gathering Materials 625

Reading Strategies 625

Writing the Annotated Bibliography 626

Sample Student Annotated Bibliography 626

APPENDIX D The Essay Exam 631

How to Write Essay Exams 633

Gathering Materials 633

Anticipating the Exam 633

Analyzing Essay Questions 634

Planning and Drafting 637

Credits

Index

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