Daily Life in the Roman City: Rome, Pompeii, and Ostia

Daily Life in the Roman City: Rome, Pompeii, and Ostia

by Gregory S. Aldrete
     
 


Although most Romans lived outside urban centers, the core of Roman civilization lay in its cities. In Gregory S. Aldrete’s exhaustive account, readers can peer into the inner workings of daily life in ancient Rome and examine the history, infrastructure, government, and economy of Rome.
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Overview


Although most Romans lived outside urban centers, the core of Roman civilization lay in its cities. In Gregory S. Aldrete’s exhaustive account, readers can peer into the inner workings of daily life in ancient Rome and examine the history, infrastructure, government, and economy of Rome.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780806140278
Publisher:
University of Oklahoma Press
Publication date:
03/01/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Sales rank:
303,608
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xi

Chronology xiii

1 Introduction: Roman Cities 1

Ancient Roman Cities 1

Goals and Structure of Book 3

2 History of Ancient Rome 7

Brief Survey of Roman History 7

The Foundation of Rome 9

Topography of the City: Rivers, Hills, Valleys, and Plains 11

City Development in the Monarchical Period 15

Republican Era Developments 16

Imperial Rome 18

Population of Rome 21

3 Infrastructure of Ancient Rome 25

Republican Aqueducts 25

Imperial Aqueducts 28

How the Water System Functioned 30

Roman Sewers 33

Roads 36

Bridges 39

Walls 40

4 Government of Ancient Rome 43

Citizenship 43

The Magistrates 44

The Voting Assemblies 46

The Roman Forum: Buildings and Monuments 47

5 The People of Ancient Rome 55

Family Structure 55

Women 56

Marriage 58

Children 62

Education 62

Slaves 65

Freedmen 68

Soldiers 71

6 Living and Dying in Ancient Rome 75

Domus: Private Homes 75

Insulae: Apartment Buildings 78

Health and Medicine 80

Burial 83

Funerary Inscriptions 86

Wills 91

7 Dangers of Life in Ancient Rome 93

Fires 93

Floods 94

Sanitation 97

Disease 100

Crime and the Law 103

8 Pleasures of Life in Ancient Rome 107

Gardens 107

Baths 108

Food and Banquets 111

Sex and Sexuality 113

9 Entertainment in Ancient Rome 119

Hoildays 119

Gladiators 121

The Flavian Amphitheator (The Colosseum) 125

Chariot Racing and the Circus Maximus 128

Beast Hunts 134

Spectacles 136

Theater, Dance, and Pantomime 138

10 Religion in Ancient Rome 141

Roman Religion 141

Priests and Ritual 143

Religion and Magic 148

Temples 150

Some Famous Temples at Rome 151

Mystery Religions158

Christianity 163

11 The Emperors and Ancient Rome 167

The Palaces of the Emperors 167

The Imperial Fora 170

Victory Monuments 176

Arches 178

Columns 181

Emperors Tombs 184

12 The Economy and Ancient Rome 187

Agriculture 187

Employment and Commerce 190

Roman Money 195

Feeding the City 196

13 Ostia: An Industrial Port City 203

History of Ostia 203

The Buildings of Ostia 208

The People of Ostia 213

Sea Travel 215

14 Pompeii: A Time Capsule of Roman Daily Life 219

History of Pompeii 219

Public Buildings 222

Private Homes 226

Economy 229

Daily Life 230

15 Conclusion: Three Visions of Roman Urbanism: Rome, Ostia, and Pompeii 235

Appendix I A Brief Guide to Understanding Roman Names 239

Appendix II A Brief Guide to Roman Timekeeping and the Calendar 241

Appendix III A Brief Guide to Roman Clothing and Appearance 245

Appendix IV A Brief Guide to Roman Construction Techniques 251

Appendix V The History of the City of Rome from Antiquity to Today 255

Bibliography 261

Index 269

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