Daily, Sabbath, and Festival Prayers in the Dead Sea Scrolls

Overview

All the evidence for daily, sabbath, and festival prayers in the Qumran scrolls is analysed in detail, document by document. On the basis of formal features and social-liturgical setting, these prayers are compared with each other to uncover divergent prayer traditions. Comparative material beyond the scrolls is used to reassess their place in the development of Jewish prayer.
Evidence for prayers of different origin found at Qumran is important for reconsidering the nature of ...

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Overview

All the evidence for daily, sabbath, and festival prayers in the Qumran scrolls is analysed in detail, document by document. On the basis of formal features and social-liturgical setting, these prayers are compared with each other to uncover divergent prayer traditions. Comparative material beyond the scrolls is used to reassess their place in the development of Jewish prayer.
Evidence for prayers of different origin found at Qumran is important for reconsidering the nature of the scrolls, the community(s) which used them, and the history of Jewish liturgy. For several texts significant new reconstructions are offered.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Die Arbeit ist deshalb für die atl. Wissenschaft von besonderer Bedeutung.'
A. Lange, Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft, 1999.
'…more comprehensvie and more detailed and sophisticated than any other publication on this topic so far…This is a very welcome book in which the author argues his case with great methodical care.'
Pieter W. van der Horst, The Jewish Studies Book Review, 1999.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Daniel K. Falk, Ph.D. (1996) in Divinity, University of Cambridge, is Kennicott Research Fellow in Hebrew at the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford, and Jr. Research Fellow in Qumran at the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies.
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Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations and Sigla
Introduction 1
I Daily Prayers 21
1 Dating and Provenance 21
2 Reconstruction 29
3 Prayer Formulas 35
4 Structure and Content 41
5 Liturgical Use 46
6 Summary 54
II Words of the Luminaries 59
1 Dating and Provenance 61
2 Reconstruction 63
3 Form and Content 68
3.1 Words of the Luminaries and the Tahanunim 73
3.2 Words of the Luminaries and the Amidah 75
3.3 Prayer Formulas 79
3.4 The Response 84
4 Liturgical Use 85
5 Summary 92
III Other Evidence for Daily Prayer 95
1 11QPs[superscript a] David's Compositions 95
2 4Q408 96
3 4Q334 98
4 War Scroll 99
5 Hodayot 100
6 Community Rule 103
7 Summary 123
IV Sabbath Prayer 125
1 11QPs[superscript a] David's Compositions 125
2 Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice 126
2.1 Form and Function 130
2.2 Qedushah and Sabbath Themes 138
2.3 Benediction Form 146
2.4 Summary 148
3 Daily Prayers 149
4 Words of the Luminaries 149
5 Summary 153
V Prayer at Festivals 155
1 Festival Prayers 155
1.1 Dating and Provenance 156
1.2 Reconstruction 157
1.3 Form 182
1.4 Liturgical Use 185
2 Other Evidence for Festival Prayer 188
2.1 Community Rule 188
2.2 Hodayot 191
2.3 Songs of the Sage 191
2.4 4Q409 192
2.5 11QPs[superscript a] David's Compositions 193
3 Festival Prayers in Context 194
4 Summary 214
VI Daily, Sabbath, and Festival Prayer in Context 217
1 Annual Covenant Ceremony 219
1.1 Community Rule 219
1.2 Damascus Document 226
1.3 Other Evidence 236
2 Continuity and Modification 236
3 Motivation for Liturgical Prayer 239
4 Obligation in Prayer 247
Conclusion 253
Appendix 257
Bibliography 265
Index of Ancient Sources 285
Index of Names and Subjects 298
Plates 303
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