Darfur: The Long Road to Disaster / Edition 1

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Overview

Images of the genocide in Darfur have shocked the Western world: Upwards of 300,000 of its

inhabitants have died, and another 2.5 million have become refugees. Those affected by the violence are estimated at almost 4 million, 700,000 of whom are now beyond the reach of humanitarian assistance. These are staggering numbers, and the fractious insurgent groups involved Islamist Arab tribal militias against Christian black Africans and other militias made up of deserters of the Chad Army were and still are supported to kill, rob, and terrorize by the governments of the neighboring states of the Sudan, Chad, and Libya.

These are the consequences of a decades-long war, as J. Millard Burr and Robert O. Collins explained in their earlier book, Africa's

Thirty Years War: Libya, Chad, and the Sudan, 1963-1993. The Long Road to Disaster in Darfur

updates this study and covers the events of the last thirteen years.

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Editorial Reviews

Foreign Affairs
This book analyzes the emergence of conflict in Darfur throughthe prism of regional politics, in particular the complex relations between Chad, Libya, and Sudan. The desert borders between the three countries have long been ignored by the often nomadic local populations that have struggled to deal with recurring drought over the last couple of decades. From the early 1960s, the Sudanese government has supported groups opposed to the regime in Chad. More recently, the regime of Idriss Déby in Chad has shared ethnic links to groups in Darfur opposed to the government in Khartoum, complicating relations between the governments. For his part, Muammar al-Qaddafi has shifted his support back and forth between different groups opposed to one of his neighbors, on behalf of grand if somewhat muddled ambitions. All three governments emerge from this account as sorcerer's apprentices, both weak and venal, but also much too ambitious from a tactical point of view given their very limited capabilities and the huge difficulties of operating in a region with few roads, a horrendous climate, and complex tribal, religious, and environmental conditions. Burr and Collins' account constitutes an excellent history of the region's politics, providing many useful insights into the current conflict.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781558764705
  • Publisher: Wiener, Markus Publishers, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/1/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 390
  • Sales rank: 1,366,718
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Maps

Acronyms

Preface

1. Sahara, Sahel, and Sudan

Continuities

Crossing the Sahara

The Power of Belief

The Bonds of Blood

Boundaries and Frontiers

Implacable Imperialism

Notes

2. Chad: An African Conundrum

France and the Republic of Chad

The Tombalbaye Government

Seeking Support Outside Paris

Revolt in the B.E.T.

Drought and the Insurgency

FROLINAT

A Nasty Little War

The Tombalbaye Fights Back

The Return of the French

French Conditions and Tombalbaye's Response

Opposition in France

The French Military in Chad

The Libyan Card

Notes

3. The Sudan and Tombalbaye: Muslims and Christians

The Sudan and Chad

Sadiq al-Mahdi and Chad

FROLINAT Attacks

The Sahelian Drought

The Return of Hasan al-Turabi

Turabi and Sadiq

Numayri and Chad

4. Libya and Tombalbaye: Muslim Arabs and Christian Africans

Qaddafi's Game

Geopolitic Visions

The Chad-Libyan Boundary Dispute Revisited

Cartographic and Other Territorial Aggression

Hissene Habre

The Aozou Strip

Drought and Man in the Aozou Strip and the B.E.T.

Security for Tombalbaye

FROLINAT in Disarray

Líaffaire Claustre

Notes

5. The Struggle for Chad

The United States and Tombalbaye

Tombalbaye Assassinated

The Conseil Superieur Militaire du Tchad and Felix Malloum

Presidents Giscard and Malloum

Dissension within the FAN

Qaddafi and the Sudan

The Return of the French

Regional Geopolitics in a Changing World

Egypt, Libya, Niger, and the OAU

Habre Joins Malloum

The Popular Armed Forces on the Offensive

Notes

6. Libya Threatens Chad

Habre and the Transitional Government of National Unity

Political Disarray and Violence in Ndjamena

Libyan Intervention and GUNT

France Leaves, Libya Arrives

Habre Is Isolated

Libya Incorporates Chad

The OAU and Chad

The Reagan Response

The OAU and Libya

Notes

7. Habre Brings Order

Habre Recovers

Mitterrand Assumes Command

Habre on the Attack

Libyan Troops Depart Followed by the GUNT

Habre Triumphant

The United States and Habre

Qaddafi in Defeat and the Beginning of Organized Terror

Notes

8. The Libyan Counterattack

The United States, Chad, and the Sudan

Qaddafi on the Attack

Victories at Ounianga Kebir and Faya

The Gorane Counterattack

Operation Manta

Stabilizing the Red Line

The Vittel Conference

Pacifying the South

Habre's UNIR; Qaddafi's CLN

More Strains within the Rebel Leadership

From Tripoli to Crete

Notes

9. Famine in the B.E.T.: Instability in Darfur

Famine and Western Relief

Instability in the Sudan

Qaddafi Continues to Meddle in Chad

Numayri is Deposed

The Libyan Buildup

Operation Epervier

The United States Attacks Qaddafi

Sadiq Victorious

Sadiq and Darfur

Notes

10. Habre Victorious

Acheikh and the Battle for Fada

Goukouni the Captive

Habre Conquers All

Libya Attacks Goukouni

Qaddafi Attacks Ibri

Libyan Forces in Darfur

Qaddafi and Khartoum

Victory at Wadi Doum, Darfur, and Ounianga

The Fezzan Threatened; The Hadjerai Revolt

The FANT Invades Libya

Notes

11. Conflict in Darfur

Sadiq and the Libyans

Peace in the B.E.T.

1988 in Ndjamena, Tripoli, and El Fasher

Deby and the Zaghawa Defy Habre

The Collapse of the Chad-Libya Rapprochement

Tribal Tensions in Darfur

Revolution in the Sudan

Libya-Sudan Brotherhood

The Algiers Agreement and the Aozou

Habre and Deby Struggle for Darfur

Notes

12. Deby Victorious

The Libya-Sudan Integration Charter

Deby Takes the Offensive

Reaction in Darfur

Drought in Darfur

Deby Counterattacks, Again

The More things Change

Notes

13. A Tenuous Peace before the Conflict Resumes in Darfur and Chad

Regional Realignment

Chad in Political Change

Habre, Hail and Farewell

France, Deby, and Oil

The Aozou Solution

Notes

14. Disaster in Darfur

The Price of Impotence

The Crisis in Darfur: Sudan Liberation Movement/Army

Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)

The War

The International Community Struggles to Respond

The Media, Diplomacy, and Humanitarians

Prevarications and Genocide

Notes

15. Epilogue

The Chadian Connection

The Abuja Agreement

Bibliography

Index

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