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The tension between national security and freedom runs through U.S. history, with the balance shifting as threats are detected or dispatched. Former CNN correspondent Alwood (journalism, Quinnipiac Univ.) explores this tension in his examination of how journalists were targeted during the anti-communist hysteria of the 1950s. (During the Depression, many journalists were attracted to radical movements, and some were instrumental in forming the Newspaper Guild, drawing the FBI's attention.) Alwood relies on previously undisclosed FBI documents to show how journalists were monitored in the 1950s, focusing on hearings held by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, chaired by Sen. James Eastland. Journalists were divided in their response, with some cooperating and turning over names while others resisted in an effort to defend the freedom of the press. Under the cover of the anti-communism crusade, Alwood shows, were apprehensions regarding unionism and press coverage of the burgeoning Civil Rights movement. He traces the impact of the Eastland hearings and subsequent court cases about freedom of the press through the Valerie Plame case in summer 2005. This is a fascinating and detailed look at one aspect of the McCarthy era that continues to influence contemporary journalism. Academic libraries will want to purchase for their journalism or U.S. history collections.