Darwin

Darwin

by Tim Lewens
     
 

ISBN-10: 0415346371

ISBN-13: 9780415346375

Pub. Date: 01/01/2007

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

In this invaluable book, Tim Lewens shows in a clear and accessible manner how important Darwin is for philosophy and how his work has shaped and challenged the very nature of the subject.

Beginning with an overview of Darwin’s life and work, the subsequent chapters discuss the full range of fundamental philosophical topics from a Darwinian perspective.

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Overview

In this invaluable book, Tim Lewens shows in a clear and accessible manner how important Darwin is for philosophy and how his work has shaped and challenged the very nature of the subject.

Beginning with an overview of Darwin’s life and work, the subsequent chapters discuss the full range of fundamental philosophical topics from a Darwinian perspective. These include natural selection; the origin and nature of species; the role of evidence in scientific enquiry; the theory of Intelligent Design; evolutionary approaches to the human mind; the implications of Darwin’s work for ethics and epistemology; and the question of how social and political thought needs to be updated in the light of a Darwinian understanding of human nature. A concluding chapter assesses the philosophical legacy of Darwin’s thought.

Darwin is essential reading for anyone in the humanities, social sciences and sciences seeking a philosophical introduction to Darwin, or anyone simply seeking a philosophical companion to Darwin’s own writings.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415346375
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/01/2007
Series:
Routledge Philosophers Series
Pages:
306
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgements     x
Chronology     xi
A Note on Texts     xiii
Introduction: 'A Philosophical Naturalist'     1
Dial 'M' for 'Metaphysics'     1
Darwin and Darwinism     4
Darwin Unfolding     7
Further Reading     7
Life     9
Pedigree     9
From Sport to Science     12
The Beagle Voyage     18
London, Marriage and the Notebooks     24
Down...     29
...And Out     34
Further Reading     38
Selection     39
Evolution and Natural Selection     39
The Argument for Natural Selection     41
Darwin and Lamarck     43
'Darwin's Dangerous Idea'     45
Natural Selection and Variation     47
Selection and Creativity     50
Selection and Population     55
Natural Selection Then and Now     58
Further Reading     63
Species     65
Human Nature, Squid Nature, Apple Nature     65
The Tree of Life     66
Butchering Nature     70
Individuals and Kinds     75
Population Thinking and Typological Thinking     83
Species Natures     90
Further Reading     93
Evidence     95
Science and God     95
Inference to the Best Explanation     97
Herschel and Whewell     101
Herschel and the Origin     104
Darwin, Whewell and Gemmules     107
Natural Selection and Common Ancestry     110
The Natural Selection/Intelligent Design Debate     112
Evolution with Intelligent Design     120
Darwin and Religion     124
Further Reading     126
Five     128
Squandered Riches?     128
The Three Principles of Emotional Expression     129
Common Ancestry     136
The Universality of Emotional Expression     138
Culture and the Evolutionary Approach     141
The Santa Barbara School     146
A Single Human Nature?     147
The Adaptive Heuristic     151
Darwin and Santa Barbara     154
Further Reading     157
Ethics     159
Ethics from the Side of Natural History     159
The Origins of the Moral Sense      162
Darwin's Normative Ethics     167
Evolutionary Normative Ethics     171
Evolutionary Meta-Ethics     176
Group Selection     180
Has Evolution made us Selfish?     184
Further Reading     187
Knowledge     189
What is Knowledge?     189
Empiricism     191
Innate Knowledge     192
Evolutionary Epistemology: James and Popper     198
Memes     202
Cultural Evolution without Memes     208
Further Reading     213
Politics     214
Darwin and the Right     214
Degenerating Society     215
Social Darwinism     218
Politics and Human Nature     221
Darwin and the Equality of the Sexes     223
Sex Differences Today     226
Darwin and the Left     232
Further Reading     241
Philosophy     243
Man's Place in Nature     243
Hubris     245
Contingency     246
Progress     249
Darwinian Naturalism     258
Further Reading     262
Glossary      264
References     272
Index     282

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