Darwinism in Argentina: Major Texts (1845-1909) brings together essays, letters, short-stories, and public lectures by travelers, scientists, writers, and politicians about Darwin and the theory of evolution in nineteenth century Argentina. This selection of texts provides a thorough overview of the socio-ideological implications of the theory of evolution in South America, as well as the intellectual debate this scientific theory promoted in ...
Darwinism in Argentina: Major Texts (1845-1909) brings together essays, letters, short-stories, and public lectures by travelers, scientists, writers, and politicians about Darwin and the theory of evolution in nineteenth century Argentina. This selection of texts provides a thorough overview of the socio-ideological implications of the theory of evolution in South America, as well as the intellectual debate this scientific theory promoted in the discourses of fiction, law, history, and medicine in the formation of modern Argentina.
Some writers in this book considered the theory of evolution to be Argentinean because Darwin first conceived his theory traveling in the Beagle, across “the big cemetery of glyptodont and megatherium fossils” on the pampas and in Patagonia.
This anthology includes texts from William H. Hudson, Francisco Muñiz, Florentino Ameghino, Eduardo Holmberg, Domingo F. Sarmiento, Hermann Burmeister, the Perito Moreno, Leopoldo Lugones, José María Ramos Mejía, and José Ingenieros, among others. Many of these texts have not been translated to English or reprinted until this edition, which was originally published with fewer texts in Spanish in 2008. Leila Gómez’s introduction reconstructs the historical-scientific contexts of the Darwinist debate in Argentina, the role of paleontology as modern discipline in South American countries, and the tensions between metropolitan and local scientific knowledge.
Both the anthology and the introduction present a panorama of Darwin and evolution in Argentina, and the complex mechanism of inclusion and exclusion of indigenous, African descendants, mestizos, and immigrants in the modern nation. Darwinism in Argentina provides critical perspectives on evolutionism in South America that will interest students and specialists in literature, history, and science.
Introduction: Darwin, the Heart of the Controversy: Science, Politics, and Literature, by Leila Gomez
Section I. The First Readers of The Origin of Species in Argentina: The Dialogue between Darwin and Muñiz, and the Dispute on Natural Selection with Hudson (Darwin, Hudson, Muñiz, Sarmiento)
William Henry Hudson, The Woodpecker of the Pampas
Charles Darwin, The Response
Francisco Javier Muñiz, The Muñi-Felis Bonaerensis
Charles Darwin, A Letter to Muñiz
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Ñata Oxen
Section II. Scientific Fantasies: Followers and Detractors of Darwin in Argentina (Sarmiento, Ameghino, Moreno, Alberdi, Holmberg, Burmeister, Lugones, Estrada)
Eduardo L. Holmberg, Two Parties in Conflict
Eduardo L. Holmberg, Charles Robert Darwin
Francisco P. Moreno, The Study of the South American Man
Domingo F. Sarmiento, Darwin
Juan Bautista Alberdi, Luz del Día´s Pilgrimage
Hermann Burmeister, History of Creation
Florentino Ameghino, Remembrance in Honor of Darwin. Transformism as an Exact Science
Leopoldo Lugones, Tribute to Ameghino
José Manuel Estrada, Naturalism and Education
Leopoldo Lugones, Izur
Section III. Darwin and the Shaping of Argentine Identity. Historical-Sociological (Sarmiento, Bunge, Ramos Mejía, Ingenieros)
José María Ramos Mejía, The Argentine Masses
Carlos O. Bunge, Our America
Jose Ingenieros, Sociological Evolution in Argentina: from Barbarism to Imperialism
Domingo F. Sarmiento, Racial Conflict and Harmony in the Americas