Darwin's Harvest: New Approaches to the Origins, Evolution, and Conservation of Crops

Darwin's Harvest: New Approaches to the Origins, Evolution, and Conservation of Crops

by Timothy Motley, Nyree Zerega, Gary Cross
     
 

ISBN-10: 0231133162

ISBN-13: 9780231133166

Pub. Date: 12/28/2005

Publisher: Columbia University Press

Darwin's Harvest addresses concerns that we are losing the diversity of crop plants that provide food for most of the world. With contributions from evolutionary biologists, geneticists, agronomists, molecular biologists, and anthropologists, this collection discusses how economic development, loss of heirloom varieties and wild ancestors, and modern

Overview

Darwin's Harvest addresses concerns that we are losing the diversity of crop plants that provide food for most of the world. With contributions from evolutionary biologists, geneticists, agronomists, molecular biologists, and anthropologists, this collection discusses how economic development, loss of heirloom varieties and wild ancestors, and modern agricultural techniques have endangered the genetic diversity needed to keep agricultural crops vital and capable of adaptation.

Drawing on the most up-to-date data, the contributors review the utilization of molecular techniques to understand crop evolution. They explore current research on various crop plants of both temperate and tropical origin, including maize, sunflower, avocado, sugarcane, and wheat. The chapters in Darwin's Harvest also provide solid background for understanding many recent discoveries concerning the origins of crops and the influence of human migration and farming practices on the genetics of our modern foods.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231133166
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

List of Contributors1. Crop Plants: Past, Present, and Future, by Timothy J. MotleyPart I. Genetics and Origin of Crops : Evolution and Domestication2. Molecular Evidence and the Evolutionary History of the Domesticated Sunflower, by Loren H. Rieseberg and Abigail V. Harter3. Molecular Evidence of Sugarcane Evolution and Domestication, by Laurent Grivet, Jean-Christophe Glaszmann, and Angélique D'Hont4. Maize Origins, Domestication, and Selection, by Edward S. Buckler IV and Natalie M. Stevens5. Contributions of Tripsacum to Maize Diversity, by Mary W. EubanksPart II. Systematics and the Origin of Crops: Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Relationships6. Evolution of Genetic Diversity in Phaseolus vulgaris L., by Roberto Papa, Laura Nanni, Delphine Sicard, Domenico Rau, and Giovanna Attene7. Cladistic Biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) Based on Chloroplast DNA Intergenic Spacer Sequences, by Mallikarjuna K. Aradhya, Daniel Potter, and Charles J. Simon8. Origin and Diversification of Chayote, by Hugh Cross, Rafael Lira Saade, and Timothy J. MotleyPart III. The Descent of Man: Human History and Crop Evolution9. Using Modern Landraces of Wheat to Study the Origins of European Agriculture, by Terence A. Brown, Sarah Lindsay, and Robin G. Allaby10. Breadfruit Origins, Diversity, and Human-Facilitated Distribution, by Nyree Zerega, Diane Ragone, and Timothy J. Motley11. Genetic Relationship Between Dioscorea alata L. and D. nummularia Lum. as Revealed by AFLP Markers, by Roger Malapa, Jean-Louis Noyer, Jean-Leu Marchand, and Vincent LebotPart IV. Variation of Plants Under Selection: Agrodiversity and Germplasm Conservation12. Evolution, Domestication, and Agrobiodiversity in the Tropical Crop Cassava, by Barbara A. Schaal, Kenneth M. Olsen, and Luiz J. C. B. Carvalho13. Origins, Evolution, and Group Classification of Cultivated Potatoes, by David M. Spooner and Wilbert L. A. Hetterscheid14. Evolution and Conservation of Clonally Propagated Crops: Insights from AFLP Data and Folk Taxonomy of the Andean Tuber Oca (Oxalis tuberosa ), by Eve Emshwiller15. Crop Genetics on Modern Farms: Gene Flow Between Crop Populations, by Kenneth BirnbaumAppendix I. Molecular Marker and Sequencing Methods and Related Terms, by Sarah M. WardAppendix II. Molecular Analyses, by Timothy J. Motley, Hugh Cross, Nyree Zerega, and Mallikarjuna K. AradhyaIndex

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