Data and Computer Communications / Edition 10

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Overview

Data and Computer Communications, 10e, is a two-time winner of the best Computer Science and Engineering textbook of the year award from the Textbook and Academic Authors Association. It is ideal for one/two-semester courses in Computer Networks, Data Communications, and Communications Networks in CS, CIS, and Electrical Engineering departments. This book is also suitable for Product Development personnel, Programmers, Systems Engineers, Network Designers and others involved in the design of data communications and networking products.

With a focus on the most current technology and a convenient modular format, this best-selling text offers a clear and comprehensive survey of the entire data and computer communications field. Emphasizing both the fundamental principles as well as the critical role of performance in driving protocol and network design, it explores in detail all the critical technical areas in data communications, wide-area networking, local area networking, and protocol design.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Since most of the students in my classes are from a computer science background, teaching them the hardware and frequency domains issues is a challenge. This book [Stallings] does an excellent job in covering those topics.” — Murat Yuksel, University of Nevada

“The textbook I have been using does not really do justice to the data communication core topics and I am impressed the comprehensive section provided on this topic in the Stallings text.” — Jean-Claude Franchitti, New York University

“I am very impressed with both the breadth and the depth of coverage of the topics included. They meet the needs of practical laboratory assignments for a senior computer science networking class quite well.” — John Doyle, Indiana University, Southeast

“I have a combination of both students who have a background in computer networks and those who have never taken a course in computer networks. All would find this book [Stallings] very useful and excellent.” — Mike Kain, Drexel University

“It [Stallings] is at least at peer — if not on top — of the best textbooks I have used in networking and beyond.” — Xiaobo Zhou, University of Colorado — Colorado Springs

Booknews
Provides a survey of the field of data communications and a tutorial on network technologies, encompassing the full range of data and computer communications from the physical layer to Internet applications protocols. Contains sections on data communications, WANs, LANs, and communication architecture and protocols, with chapter problems. Internet services for students and instructors are available. This fifth edition offers expanded and new material in areas including security, ATM, and TCP/IP. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780133506488
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 9/30/2013
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 912
  • Sales rank: 677,237
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

William Stallings has made a unique contribution to understanding the broad sweep of technical developments in computer networking and computer architecture. He has authored 18 titles, and counting revised editions, a total of 35 books on various aspects of these subjects. In over 20 years in the field, he has been a technical contributor, technical manager, and an executive with several high-technology firms. Currently he is an independent consultant whose clients have included computer and networking manufacturers and customers, software development firms, and leading-edge government research institutions.

He has received the prize for best Computer Science and Engineering textbook of the year from the Textbook and Academic Authors Association six times.

Bill has designed and implemented both TCP/IP-based and OSI-based protocol suites on a variety of computers and operating systems, ranging from microcomputers to mainframes. As a consultant, he has advised government agencies, computer and software vendors, and major users on the design, selection, and use of networking software and products.

Dr. Stallings holds a Ph.D. from M.I.T. in Computer Science and a B.S. from Notre Dame in Electrical Engineering.

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Read an Excerpt

PREFACE:

Preface

Objectives

This book attempts to provide a unified overview of the broad field of data and computer communications. The organization of the book reflects an attempt to break this massive subject into comprehensible parts and to build, piece by piece, a survey of the state of the art. The book emphasizes basic principles and topics of fundamental importance concerning the technology and architecture of this field and provides a detailed discussion of leading-edge topics.

The following basic themes serve to unify the discussion:

  • Principles: Although the scope of this book is broad, there are a number of basic principles that appear repeatedly as themes and that unify this field. Examples are multiplexing, flow control, and error control. The book highlights these principles and contrasts their application in specific areas of technology.
  • Design approaches: The book examines alternative approaches to meeting specific communication requirements.
  • Standards: Standards have come to assume an increasingly important, indeed dominant, role in this field. An understanding of the current status and future direction requires a comprehensive discussion of the related standards.

Plan of the Text

The book is divided into five parts:

  • I. Overview: Provides an introduction to the range of topics covered in the book. In addition, this part includes a discussion of protocols, OSI, and the TCP/IP protocol suite.
  • II. Data Communications: Concerned primarily with the exchange of data between two directly connecteddevices. Within this restricted scope, the key aspects of transmission, interfacing, link control, and multiplexing are examined.
  • III. Wide Area Networks: Examines the internal mechanisms and user-network interfaces that have been developed to support voice, data, and multimedia communications over long-distance networks. The traditional technologies of packet switching and circuit switching are examined, as well as the more recent ATM. A separate chapter is devoted to congestion control issues.
  • IV. Local Area Networks: Explores the technologies and architectures that have been developed for networking over shorter distances. The transmission media, topologies, and medium access control protocols that are the key ingredients of a LAN design are explored and specific standardized LAN systems examined.
  • V. Networking Protocols: Explores both the architectural principles and the mechanisms required for the exchange of data among computers, workstations, servers, and other data processing devices. Much of the material in this part relates to the TCP/IP protocol suite.

In addition, the book includes an extensive glossary, a list of frequently used acronyms, and a bibliography. Each chapter includes problems and suggestions for further reading.

The book is intended for both an academic and a professional audience. For the professional interested in this field, the book serves as a basic reference volume and is suitable for self-study. As a textbook, it can be used for a one-semester or two-semester course. It covers the material in the Computer Communication Networks course of the joint ACM/IEEE Computing Curricula 1991. The chapters and parts of the book are sufficiently modular to provide a great deal of flexibility in the design of courses. The following are suggestions for course design:

  • Fundamentals of Data Communications: Parts One (overview) and Two (data communications) and Chapters 9 through 11 (circuit switching, packet switching, and ATM).
  • Communications Networks: If the student has a basic background in data communications, then this course could cover Parts One (overview), Three (WAN), and Four (LAN).
  • Computer Networks: If the student has a basic background in data communications, then this course could cover Part One (overview), Chapters 6 and 7 (data communication interface and data link control), and Part Five (protocols).

In addition, a more streamlined course that covers the entire book is possible by eliminating certain chapters that are not essential on a first reading. Chapters that could be optional are Chapters 3 (data transmission) and 4 (transmission media), if the student has a basic understanding of these topics; Chapter 8 (multiplexing); Chapter 9 (circuit switching); Chapter 12 (congestion control); Chapter 16 (internetworking); and Chapter 18 (network security).

Internet Services for Instructors and Students

There is a Web site for this book that provides support for students and instructors. The site includes links to relevant sites, transparency masters of figures in the book, and sign-up information for the book's Internet mailing list. The Web page is at ...

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface
About the Author

Chapter 0 Guide for Readers and Instructors

0.1 Outline of the Book

0.2 A Roadmap for Readers and Instructors

0.3 Internet and Web Resources

0.4 Standards

UNIT ONE FUNDAMENTALS OF DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING
PART ONE OVERVIEW
Chapter 1 Data Communications, Data Networks, and the Internet

1.1 Data Communications and Networking for Today's Enterprise

1.2 A Communications Model

1.3 Data Communications

1.4 Networks

1.5 The Internet

1.6 An Example Configuration

Chapter 2 Protocol Architecture, TCP/IP, and Internet-Based Applications

2.1 The Need for a Protocol Architecture

2.2 A Simple Protocol Architecture

2.3 The TCP/IP Protocol Architecture

2.4 Standardization within a Protocol Architecture

2.5 Traditional Internet-Based Applications

2.6 Multimedia

2.7 Sockets Programming

2.7 Recommended Reading

2.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 2A The Trivial File Transfer Protocol

PART TWO DATA COMMUNICATIONS
Chapter 3 Data Transmission

3.1 Concepts and Terminology

3.2 Analog and Digital Data Transmission

3.3 Transmission Impairments

3.4 Channel Capacity

3.5 Recommended Reading

3.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 3A Decibels and Signal Strength

Chapter 4 Transmission Media

4.1 Guided Transmission Media

4.2 Wireless Transmission

4.3 Wireless Propagation

4.4 Line-of-Sight Transmission

4.5 Recommended Reading

4.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 5 Signal Encoding Techniques

5.1 Digital Data, Digital Signals

5.2 Digital Data, Analog Signals

5.3 Analog Data, Digital Signals

5.4 Recommended Reading

5.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 6 Error Detection and Correction

6.1 Types of Errors

6.2 Error Detection

6.3 Parity Check

6.4 The Internet Checksum

6.5 Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)

6.6 Forward Error Correction

6.7 Recommended Reading

6.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 7 Data Link Control Protocols

7.1 Flow Control

7.2 Error Control

7.3 High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC)

7.4 Recommended Reading

7.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 7A Performance Issues

Chapter 8 Multiplexing

8.1 Frequency-Division Multiplexing

8.2 Synchronous Time-Division Multiplexing

8.3 Cable Modems

8.4 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

8.5 xDSL

8.6 Multiple Channel Access

8.7 Recommended Reading

8.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

PART THREE WIDE AREA NETWORKS
Chapter 9 WAN Technology and Protocols

9.1 Switched Communications Networks

9.2 Circuit Switching Networks

9.3 Circuit Switching Concepts

9.4 Softswitch Architecture

9.5 Packet-Switching Principles

9.6 Asynchronous Transfer Mode

9.7 Recommended Reading

9.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 10 Cellular Wireless Networks

10.1 Principles of Cellular Networks

10.2 Cellular Network Generations

10.3 LTE-Advanced

10.4 Recommended Reading

10.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

PART FOUR LOCAL AREA NETWORKS
Chapter 11 Local Area Network Overview

11.1 Bus and Tree Topologies

11.2 LAN Protocol Architecture

11.3 Bridges

11.4 Hubs and Switches

11.5 Virtual LANs

11.6 Recommended Reading

11.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 12 Ethernet

12.1 Traditional Ethernet

12.2 High-Speed Ethernet

12.3 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN Standard

12.4 Recommended Reading

12.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 12A Digital Signal Encoding for LANs

Appendix 12B Scrambling

Chapter 13 Wireless LANs

13.1 Overview

13.2 IEEE 802.11 Architecture and Services

13.3 IEEE 802.11 Medium Access Control

13.4 IEEE 802.11Physical Layer

13.5 Gigabit Wi-Fi

13.6 IEEE 802.11 Security Considerations

13.7 Recommended Reading

13.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

PART FIVE INTERNET AND TRANSPORT LAYERS
Chapter 14 The Internet Protocol

14.1 Principles of Internetworking

14.2 Internet Protocol Operation

14.3 Internet Protocol

14.4 IPv6

14.5 Virtual Private Networks and IP Security

14.6 Recommended Reading

14.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 15 Transport Protocols

15.1 Connection-Oriented Transport Protocol Mechanisms

15.2 TCP

15.3 UDP

15.4 Recommended Reading

15.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

UNIT TWO ADVANCED TOPICS IN DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING
PART SIX DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND WIRELESS NETWORKS
Chapter 16 Advanced Data Communications Topics

16.1 Analog Data, Analog Signals

16.2 Forward Error Correction Codes

16.3 ARQ Performance Issues

16.4 Recommended Reading

16.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 17 Wireless Transmission Techniques

17.1 MIMO Antennas

17.2 OFDM, OFDMA, and SC-FDMA

17.3 Spread Spectrum

17.4 Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum

17.5 Code-Division Multiple Access

17.6 Recommended Reading

17.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 18 Wireless Networks

18.1 Fixed Broadband Wireless Access

18.2 WiMAX/IEEE 802.16

18.3 Bluetooth Overview

18.4 Bluetooth Radio Specification

18.5 Bluetooth Baseband Specification

18.6 Bluetooth Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol

18.7 Recommended Reading

18.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

PART SEVEN INTERNETWORKING

Chapter 19 Routing

19.1 Routing in Packet-Switching Networks

19.2 Examples: Routing in ARPANET

19.3 Internet Routing Protocols

19.4 Least-Cost Algorithms

19.5 Recommended Reading

19.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 20 Congestion Control

20.1 Effects of Congestion

20.2 Congestion Control

20.3 Traffic Management

20.4 Congestion Control in Packet-Switching Networks

20.5 TCP Congestion Control

20.6 Datagram Congestion Control Protocol

20.7 Recommended Reading

20.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 21 Internetwork Operation

21.1 Multicasting

21.2 Software Defined Networks

21.3 OpenFlow

21.4 Mobile IP

21.5 Recommended Reading

21.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 22 Internetwork Quality of Service

22.1 QoS Architectural Framework

22.2 Integrated Services Architecture

22.3 Resource Reservation Protocol

22.4 Differentiated Services

22.5 Service Level Agreements

22.6 IP Performance Metrics

22.7 Recommended Reading

22.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 23 Multiprotocol Label Switching

23.1 The Role of MPLS

23.2 Background

23.3 MPLS Operation

23.4 Labels

23.5 FECs, LSPs, and Labels

23.6 Label Distribution

23.7 Traffic Engineering

23.8 Virtual Private Networks

23.9 Recommended Reading

23.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

PART EIGHT INTERNET APPLICATIONS
Chapter 24 Electronic Mail, DNS, and HTTP

24.1 Electronic Mail: SMTP and MIME

24.2 Internet Directory Service: DNS

24.3 Web Access: HTTP

24.4 Recommended Reading

24.5 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 25 Internet Multimedia Support

25.1 Real-Time Traffic

25.2 Voice Over IP

25.3 Session Initiation Protocol

25.4 Real-Time Transport Protocol

25.5 Recommended Reading

25.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

APPENDICES
Appendix A Fourier Analysis

A.1 Fourier Series Representation of Periodic Signals

A.2 Fourier Transform Representation of Aperiodic Signals

A.3 Recommended Reading

Appendix B Projects and Other Student Exercises for Teaching Data and Computer Communications

B.1 Animations and Animation Projects

B.2 Practical Exercises

B.3 Sockets Projects

B.4 Wireshark Projects

B.5 Simulation and Modeling Projects

B.6 Performance Modeling

B.7 Research Projects

B.8 Reading/Report Assignments

B.9 Writing Assignments

B.10 Discussion Topics

References
Index

ONLINE CHAPTERS AND APPENDICES[1] PART NINE NETWORK SECURITY

Chapter 26 Computer and Network Security Threats

26.1 Computer Security Concepts

26.2 Threats, Attacks, and Assets

26.3 Intruders

26.4 Malicious Software Overview

26.5 Viruses, Worms, and Bots

26.6 Recommended Reading

26.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Chapter 27 Computer and Network Security Techniques

27.1 Virtual Private Networks and IPsec

27.2 SSL and TLS

27.3 Wi-Fi Protected Access

27.4 Intrusion Detection

27.5 Firewalls

27.6 Malware Defense

27.7 Recommended Reading

27.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix C Standards Organizations
Appendix D Asynchronous and Synchronous Transmission
Appendix E The OSI Model
Appendix F The International Reference Alphabet
Appendix G Proof of the Sampling Theorem
Appendix H Ones Complement Representation and Addition

Appendix I Statistical TDM
Appendix J The Spanning Tree Algorithm

Appendix K LAN Performance Issues

Appendix L Matrix Multiplication and Determinants

Appendix M Queuing Effects

Appendix N Orthogonality, Correlation, and Autocorrelation

Appendix O TCP/IP Example
Appendix P Queue Management and Queueing Discipline

Appendix Q Cryptographic Algorithms

Appendix R Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) and Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs)

Appendix S Augmented Backus-Naur Form
Appendix T Derivations of Equations and Examples

Glossary


[1] Online chapters and appendices are Premium Content, available via the access card at the front of the book.

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Preface

PREFACE:

Preface

Objectives

This book attempts to provide a unified overview of the broad field of data and computer communications. The organization of the book reflects an attempt to break this massive subject into comprehensible parts and to build, piece by piece, a survey of the state of the art. The book emphasizes basic principles and topics of fundamental importance concerning the technology and architecture of this field and provides a detailed discussion of leading-edge topics.

The following basic themes serve to unify the discussion:

  • Principles: Although the scope of this book is broad, there are a number of basic principles that appear repeatedly as themes and that unify this field. Examples are multiplexing, flow control, and error control. The book highlights these principles and contrasts their application in specific areas of technology.
  • Design approaches: The book examines alternative approaches to meeting specific communication requirements.
  • Standards: Standards have come to assume an increasingly important, indeed dominant, role in this field. An understanding of the current status and future direction requires a comprehensive discussion of the related standards.

Plan of the Text

The book is divided into five parts:

  • I. Overview: Provides an introduction to the range of topics covered in the book. In addition, this part includes a discussion of protocols, OSI, and the TCP/IP protocol suite.
  • II. Data Communications: Concerned primarily with the exchange of data between two directlyconnecteddevices. Within this restricted scope, the key aspects of transmission, interfacing, link control, and multiplexing are examined.
  • III. Wide Area Networks: Examines the internal mechanisms and user-network interfaces that have been developed to support voice, data, and multimedia communications over long-distance networks. The traditional technologies of packet switching and circuit switching are examined, as well as the more recent ATM. A separate chapter is devoted to congestion control issues.
  • IV. Local Area Networks: Explores the technologies and architectures that have been developed for networking over shorter distances. The transmission media, topologies, and medium access control protocols that are the key ingredients of a LAN design are explored and specific standardized LAN systems examined.
  • V. Networking Protocols: Explores both the architectural principles and the mechanisms required for the exchange of data among computers, workstations, servers, and other data processing devices. Much of the material in this part relates to the TCP/IP protocol suite.

In addition, the book includes an extensive glossary, a list of frequently used acronyms, and a bibliography. Each chapter includes problems and suggestions for further reading.

The book is intended for both an academic and a professional audience. For the professional interested in this field, the book serves as a basic reference volume and is suitable for self-study. As a textbook, it can be used for a one-semester or two-semester course. It covers the material in the Computer Communication Networks course of the joint ACM/IEEE Computing Curricula 1991. The chapters and parts of the book are sufficiently modular to provide a great deal of flexibility in the design of courses. The following are suggestions for course design:

  • Fundamentals of Data Communications: Parts One (overview) and Two (data communications) and Chapters 9 through 11 (circuit switching, packet switching, and ATM).
  • Communications Networks: If the student has a basic background in data communications, then this course could cover Parts One (overview), Three (WAN), and Four (LAN).
  • Computer Networks: If the student has a basic background in data communications, then this course could cover Part One (overview), Chapters 6 and 7 (data communication interface and data link control), and Part Five (protocols).

In addition, a more streamlined course that covers the entire book is possible by eliminating certain chapters that are not essential on a first reading. Chapters that could be optional are Chapters 3 (data transmission) and 4 (transmission media), if the student has a basic understanding of these topics; Chapter 8 (multiplexing); Chapter 9 (circuit switching); Chapter 12 (congestion control); Chapter 16 (internetworking); and Chapter 18 (network security).

Internet Services for Instructors and Students

There is a Web site for this book that provides support for students and instructors. The site includes links to relevant sites, transparency masters of figures in the book, and sign-up information for the book's Internet mailing list. The Web page is at ...

Read More Show Less

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