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Daumier and Exoticism: Satirizing the French and the Foreign (Hermeneutics of Art Series)
     

Daumier and Exoticism: Satirizing the French and the Foreign (Hermeneutics of Art Series)

by Elizabeth C. Childs
 

ISBN-10: 0820469459

ISBN-13: 9780820469454

Pub. Date: 01/28/2004

Publisher: Peter Lang Publishing Inc.

Best known as a satirist of Parisian politics and daily life, Honoré Daumier (1808-1879) was a prolific caricaturist. This book is the first to examine the role of exoticism in his art, and to offer a detailed history of the journal Le Charivari in which the lithographs appeared. These satires of China, Haiti, the United States, Africa, and the Middle

Overview

Best known as a satirist of Parisian politics and daily life, Honoré Daumier (1808-1879) was a prolific caricaturist. This book is the first to examine the role of exoticism in his art, and to offer a detailed history of the journal Le Charivari in which the lithographs appeared. These satires of China, Haiti, the United States, Africa, and the Middle East not only target the theater of international politics, but also draw on a broad range of physical stereotypes supported by contemporary ideas about race and cultural difference. In an art of comic inversion, Daumier used the exotic to expose the foibles and pretensions of the Parisian bourgeoisie. A pacifist and a Republican, Daumier also satirized the non-European world in order to covertly attack the imperialism of Napoléon III in an age of press censorship. Idealistic as well as pragmatic, he used humor to stage political critique as well as to envision a more unified and compassionate world.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780820469454
Publisher:
Peter Lang Publishing Inc.
Publication date:
01/28/2004
Series:
Hermeneutics of Art Series , #11
Pages:
252
Product dimensions:
6.34(w) x 9.24(h) x 0.83(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxi
Acknowledgmentsxvii
Introduction1
Chapter 1Deadlines, Bylines, and Fine Lines: Publishing Caricatures in Le Charivari15
On the Nature of Satirical Discourse16
In Collaboration: The Publishing of Satire22
Daumier and Cham: A Comparison of Colleagues26
Honore Daumier27
Cham [Amedee de Noe]30
A General History of Press Censorship in France, 1830-187034
Dulling the Censor's Scissors: A History of Le Charivari39
Cutting Satire: Censored Lithographs by Daumier and Other Artists at Le Charivari46
Notes48
Chapter 2Physiognomy, Racism and Stereotypes: Caricature about Difference59
The Role of Stereotype in Caricature59
On Stereotypes and Racism61
Physiognomy, Race, and the Stereotype of the Exotic Body63
Skulls and the Shape of Intelligence65
Physiognomy, Faces and Races68
Caricature and Coiffure73
The Exotic Body, Sexuality and Racism74
Notes76
Chapter 3Les Etrangers a Paris and the Satiric Mechanism of the Foreigner81
Heroism, Racism and the Spectacle of the Exotic: Les Turcos au Camp de Saint-Maur82
Les Etrangers: The Human Spectacle at the Zoo, the Circus, and the Exposition Universelle91
Notes95
Chapter 4Les Sauvages and Civilization99
Indians and Africans in Satire99
Satire's Secret Agent: Soulouque and the Politicized Exotic111
Notes120
Chapter 5La Vue Chinoise127
Le Magot de la Chine127
Le Voyage en Chine, 1843-1845129
Vezin, the Mandarin of Macao144
En Chine, 1858-1860146
Notes151
Chapter 6Eastern Questions and Orientalism: North Africa and the Middle East in Caricature159
France and the East: A Cultural Affair159
The Cracked Mirror of the Orient in Caricature164
Sultans and Cruelty: Paradigms of Despotism165
Sloth and Drugged Indolence166
Harems and Eunuchs: Fantasies of Power and Disempowerment168
Daumier and the Harem170
Pyramids to Progress: The Suez Canal173
Notes180
Conclusion187
Appendices191
Selected Bibliography195
Primary Sources: Manuscripts and Archives195
Honore Daumier: Catalogues Raisonnes of the Oeuvre195
Publications on Daumier196
General Works on Lithography, Caricature and Caricaturists other than Daumier199
Other Publications on Art200
References to Censorship and History of the Press203
General Works on Nineteenth-Century History, Culture, Science and Literature204
Daumier Works in Catalogues Raisonnes209
Delteil List209
Bouvy List215
Maison List215
Illustrations217

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