The Dawn of Religious Pluralism: Voices from the World's Parliament of Religions, 1893

Overview

On September 11th, 1893, the Columbian Liberty Bell at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago sounded ten times, symbolizing what were then considered the ten great religious traditions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Taoism, Confucianism, Shintoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. One of the most significant events in American religious and cultural history had begun. The ochre robes of Buddhist ascetics, the vermilion cloaks and turbans of Hindu swamis, the silk vestments of Confucians, ...
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Overview

On September 11th, 1893, the Columbian Liberty Bell at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago sounded ten times, symbolizing what were then considered the ten great religious traditions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Taoism, Confucianism, Shintoism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. One of the most significant events in American religious and cultural history had begun. The ochre robes of Buddhist ascetics, the vermilion cloaks and turbans of Hindu swamis, the silk vestments of Confucians, Taoists, and Shinto priests, the somber garb of Protestant ministers, all gathered together on the platform around a Roman Catholic cardinal, dressed in scarlet and seated in a high chair of state. The near-ecstatic crowd repeatedly burst into tumultuous applause, waving handkerchiefs, and mingling tears with smiles. Nothing like the World's Parliament of Religions had been seen in the history of the world, and nothing like it was to be seen again for many years: a gathering of representatives of numerous world religions for an exchange of views. It was a turning point in American life, presaging the multiculturalism of a century later. This volume contains a selection of 60 representative and revealing addresses given to the Parliament, with authoritative introductions and notes by Professor Seager. The addresses include contributions by Protestant mainstream ministers, African-Americans, Roman Catholics, Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus, and representatives of other Asian religions. Also included are various "points of contact and contention," in which religious leaders attempted to analyze or reach out to their counterparts in other traditions.
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Editorial Reviews

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Published by Open Court Publishing, 407 South Dearborn, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60605. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780812692235
  • Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
  • Publication date: 1/28/1999
  • Pages: 520
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.94 (h) x 1.38 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface 1
General Introduction 3
Pt. I Assembling and Welcome
1 Words of Welcome 17
2 Words of Welcome 23
Excerpt from the Daily Inter Ocean 30
Pt. II Protestant Mainstream Delegation
3 The Religious Mission of the English-Speaking Nations 37
4 Strategic Certainties of Comparative Religion 43
Anecdote 50
5 Religion Essentially Characteristic of Humanity 52
6 Christianity as a Social Force 62
Excerpts from Chicago Newspapers 68
7 The Sympathy of Religions 70
8 Possible Results of the Parliament 75
Anecdote 78
9 The Influence of Religion on Women 80
10 A White Life for Two 88
11 The Reunion of Christendom 93
Anecdote 129
Pt. III African-American Delegation
12 Impromptu Comments 135
13 Christianity and the Negro 137
Excerpt from the Daily Inter Ocean 140
14 What Can Religion Further Do to Advance the Condition of the American Negro? 142
Anecdote 150
Pt. IV Roman Catholic Delegation
15 The Needs of Humanity Supplied by the Catholic Religion 155
16 Religious Union of the Human Race 165
Anecdote 171
17 Future of Religion 172
Pt. V Eastern Orthodox Delegation
18 The Greek Church 179
Anecdote 187
19 The Armenian Church 189
20 A Voice from Syria 198
Anecdote 200
21 Universal Brotherhood 202
Pt. VI Jewish Delegation
22 Human Brotherhood as Taught by the Religions Based on the Bible 211
23 Elements of Universal Religion 220
24 The Voice of the Mother of Religions on the Social Question 228
25 The Outlook of Judaism 234
Pt. VII Three Views of Islam
26 Some Teachings of the Koran 249
27 The Points of Contact and Contrast between Christianity and Mohammedanism 251
Anecdote 269
28 The Spirit of Islam 270
Anecdote 278
Pt. VIII Two Views on Science and Religion
29 Evolution and Christianity 285
Anecdote 295
30 Science a Religious Revelation 297
Pt. IX Points of Contact and Contention
31 Christianity as Seen by a Voyage around the World 317
32 The Invincible Gospel 319
33 The Attitude of Christianity to Other Religions 321
34 The Religion of the Future 323
35 The Bearing of Religious Unity on the Work of the Christian Missions 325
36 Orthodox or Historical Judaism 328
37 Criticism and Discussion of Missionary Methods 331
38 Impromptu Comments 333
Anecdote 334
39 Impromptu Comments 336
Anecdote 337
40 The Work of Social Reform in India 339
Anecdote 340
41 Confucianism 341
Anecdote 344
42 Spiritual Forces in Human Progress 345
43 Idealism the New Religion 348
44 A Voice from the Young Men of the Orient 349
45 Arbitration Instead of War 352
Excerpt from the Chicago Tribune 353
Pt. X Delegates from the Religions of Asia
46 Taoism, a Prize Essay 361
47 Shintoism 364
Anecdote 368
48 The Philosophy and Ethics of the Jains 370
49 Confucianism 375
50 The Religious System of the Parsees 383
Buddhism
51 The Real Position of Japan toward Christianity 397
Anecdote 404
52 The Law of Cause and Effect, as Taught by Buddha 406
53 The World's Debt to Buddha 410
Anecdote 420
Hinduism
54 Hinduism 421
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