The Dead Sea Scrolls And The Origins Of The Bible

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The Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran provide the oldest, best, and most direct witness we have to the origins of the Hebrew Bible. Prior to the discovery of the Scrolls, scholars had textual evidence for only a single, late period in the history of the biblical text, leading them to believe that the text was uniform. The Scrolls, however, provide documentary evidence a thousand years older than all previously known Hebrew manuscripts and reveal a period of pluriformity in the biblical text prior to the stage of uniformity.

In this important collection of studies, Eugene Ulrich, one of the world's foremost experts on the Dead Sea Scrolls, outlines a comprehensive theory that reconstructs the complex development of the ancient texts that eventually came to form the Old Testament. Several of the essays set forth his pioneering theory of "multiple literary editions," which is replacing older views of the origins of the biblical text.

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible represents the leading edge of research in the exciting field of Scrolls studies.

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Editorial Reviews

Expository Times
It is excellent that this volume will make Ulrich's valuable work more widely known. He has opened up new ways of understanding how authoritative traditions were handled in the first centuries before the fall of the Temple in 70 CE.
Old Testament Essays
Ulrich outlines a comprehensive theory that reconstructs the complex development of the ancient texts that eventually came to form the Old Testament.... This volume, which represents the leading edge of research in the field of Dead Sea Scroll Studies, will be indispensable to everyone interested in the origins and development of the Hebrew Bible, in the pluriformity of the Biblical text, and in the canonical process and will contribute to a deeper appreciation of the world of Early Judaism and Christianity and of their continuing legacy today.
Ulrich (Hebrew scriptures, U. of Notre Dame-Indiana), a pre-eminent Dead Sea scrolls scholar, has been editing the Qumran biblical scrolls for the past two decades. This volume contains 14 essays that he wrote over the years for various conferences and collections. They deal first with the Hebrew texts and then with the Greek and Old Latin texts, focusing on both general and specific aspects of the complex development of the ancient texts that eventually came to form the Old Testament. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Sigla
Pt. 1 The Scrolls and the Hebrew Bible
1 The Community of Israel and the Composition of the Scriptures 3
2 The Bible in the Making: The Scriptures at Qumran 17
3 Double Literary Editions of Biblical Narratives and Reflections on Determining the Form to Be Translated 34
4 The Canonical Process, Textual Criticism, and Latter Stages in the Composition of the Bible 51
5 Pluriformity in the Biblical Text, Text Groups, and Questions of Canon 79
6 Multiple Literary Editions: Reflections Toward a Theory of the History of the Biblical Text 99
7 The Palaeo-Hebrew Biblical Manuscripts from Qumran Cave 4 121
8 Orthography and Text in 4QDan[superscript a] and 4QDan[superscript b] and in the Received Masoretic Text 148
Pt. 2 The Scrolls, the Septuagint, and the Old Latin
9 The Septuagint Manuscripts from Qumran: A Reappraisal of Their Value 165
10 Josephus's Biblical Text for the Books of Samuel 184
11 Origen's Old Testament Text: The Transmission History of the Septuagint to the Third Century C.E. 202
12 The Relevance of the Dead Sea Scrolls for Hexaplaric Studies 224
13 The Old Latin Translation of the LXX and the Hebrew Scrolls from Qumran 233
14 Characteristics and Limitations of the Old Latin Translation of the Septuagint 275
Acknowledgments 290
Index of Modern Authors 292
Index of Ancient Literature 298
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