The Deadly Ethnic Riot / Edition 1

The Deadly Ethnic Riot / Edition 1

by Donald L. Horowitz
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520236424

ISBN-13: 9780520236424

Pub. Date: 01/01/2003

Publisher: University of California Press

Donald L. Horowitz's consideration of the structure and dynamics of ethnic violence is the first full-scale, comparative study of the deadly ethnic riot -- an intense, sudden, lethal attack by civilian members of one ethnic group on civilian members of another ethnic group. Serious, frequent, and destabilizing, these events result in large numbers of casualties.…  See more details below

Overview

Donald L. Horowitz's consideration of the structure and dynamics of ethnic violence is the first full-scale, comparative study of the deadly ethnic riot -- an intense, sudden, lethal attack by civilian members of one ethnic group on civilian members of another ethnic group. Serious, frequent, and destabilizing, these events result in large numbers of casualties. Horowitz examines approximately 150 such riots in about fifty countries, mainly in Asia, Africa, and the former Soviet Union, as well as fifty control cases. With its deep scholarship and incisive analysis, The Deadly Ethnic Riot will become the definitive work on its subject.

Furious and sadistic, the riot is nevertheless directed against a precisely specified class of targets and conducted with considerable circumspection. Horowitz scrutinizes target choices, participants and organization, the timing of and supporting conditions for the violence, the events that precede the riot, the prevalence of atrocities, the location and diffusion of riots, and the aims and effects of riot behavior. He finds that the deadly ethnic riot is a highly patterned but emotional event that tends to occur during times of political uncertainty. He also probes the significance of rumors in triggering riots, the surprisingly limited role of deliberate organization, and the striking lack of remorse exhibited by participants.

Horowitz writes clearly and eloquently without compromising the complexity of his subject. With impressive analytical skill, he takes up the important challenge of explaining phenomena that are at once passionate and calculative.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520236424
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
01/01/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
605
Sales rank:
954,714
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.25(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
A Note on Place Namesxvii
1.Say It with Murder1
The Morphology and Dynamics of Violence2
The Riot as Cause, Effect, and Process9
The Forms of Ascriptive Violence17
Deploying the Data28
The State of Violence Theory34
2.Ethnic Boundaries, Riot Boundaries43
Cognitive and Strategic Bases of Ethnicity43
The Ontology of the Riot56
Composing the Decomposable69
3.The Riot Episode71
The Rhythm of the Riot71
Before the Riot: The Critical Role of Rumor74
Before the Riot: The Lull89
Preparing for War, Conquering Fear94
The Atrocity-Killing109
4.Selective Targeting124
Precision in Targeting124
The Aversion to False Positives128
Target Selection: The Starting Points131
Strong or Weak Targets? The Question of Displaced Aggression135
Beyond Displacement: Strong Targets, Weak Moments148
5.Target-Group Characteristics151
Reputation for Aggression151
Traditional Antagonism155
Opposition in War162
Political Threat165
External Affinities Augmenting Internal Strength172
Psychological Strength178
Antipathy, Similarity, and Difference187
6.An Economy of Antipathy
Target Selection and the Imperatives of Violence194
The Source of the Precipitant and the Choice of Target197
Riot Leadership and Target Choice204
Riot Location and Target Choice220
Targeting: Reflections and Distortions222
7.Organizers and Participants224
Indicators of Organization227
Organizers229
The Dubious Advantage of Strong Organization253
The Power of Loose Organization254
The Legions of Violence258
The Deadly Riot as a Pickup Game266
8.The Occasions for Violence268
Flashpoints: The Events That Precipitate Riots269
A Parade of Processions272
Strikes with Ethnic Overtones290
Divisive Elections295
Official or Unofficial Alternations of Relative Ethnic Status308
The Character of Precipitating Events317
Precipitant-free Riots323
9.The Social Environment for Killing326
Interregna331
The Decline of Multiethnic Parties and Coalitions334
Fluctuations in Policy337
Authoritative Tolerance, Acquiescence, or Condonation343
Biased or Ineffective Instruments of Public Order352
Inhibition and Disinhibition359
Absence of Remorse: The Moral Mass Murder366
10.Location, Diffusion, and Recurrence374
Location: Differentials in the Fundamentals376
Propinquity and Urban Bias381
Site Selection and Risk Aversion384
The Diffusion of Violence395
Recidivist Locations407
Recurrent Riots411
11.Aims, Effects, and Functions423
Narrow Aims, Broad Effects425
Degradation430
Homogenization433
Polarization443
Civil and Secessionist Warfare446
Contingent Effects453
The Putative Functions of Violence458
12.Violence and Quiescence467
Proof Positive and Proof Negative: The Problem of Variance468
Theories of Quiescence from the Larger Research Cycle471
Near-Miss Strategies477
Alternatives to Riots: Lynching and Burning479
Alternatives to Riots: Ethnic Terrorism482
Mild Riots and Near-Riots485
Ethnic Fights495
Changes over Time: Nonrecurring Riots497
Non-Riots509
The Hunt for the Missing Variables512
Paths to Prevention513
13.The Calculus of Passion522
Convening the Killing Crowd: A Causal Account523
Strategic and Rationalist Approaches to Ethnic Violence545
Reason and Passion: Hypervigilance, Circumspection, and Being of More Than One Mind555
The Decline of the Deadly Ethnic Riot in the West560
Index567

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