Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective

Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries: A Comparative Perspective

by Pranab Bardhan
     
 

Over the past three decades the developing world has seen increasing devolution of political and economic power to local governments. Decentralization is considered an important element of participatory democracy and, along with privatization and deregulation, represents a substantial reduction in the authority of national governments over economic policy. The

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Overview

Over the past three decades the developing world has seen increasing devolution of political and economic power to local governments. Decentralization is considered an important element of participatory democracy and, along with privatization and deregulation, represents a substantial reduction in the authority of national governments over economic policy. The contributors to
Decentralization and Local Governance in Developing Countries
examine this institutional transformation from comparative and interdisciplinary perspectives, offering detailed case studies of decentralization in eight countries: Bolivia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, South
Africa, and Uganda.

Some of these countries witnessed an unprecedented "big bang" shift toward comprehensive political and economic decentralization: Bolivia in 1995 and Indonesia after the fall of Suharto in 1998.
Brazil and India decentralized in an uneven and more gradual manner. In some other countries (such as Pakistan), devolution represented an instrument for consolidation of power of a nondemocratic national government. In China, local governments were granted much economic but little political power. South Africa made the transition from the undemocratic decentralization of apartheid to decentralization under a democratic constitution. The studies provide a comparative perspective on the political and economic context within which decentralization took place, and how this shaped its design and possible impact.

ContributorsOmar Azfar, Gianpaolo
Baiocchi, Pranab Bardhan, Shubham Chaudhuri, Ali Cheema, Jean-Paul Faguet, Bert
Hofman, Kai Kaiser, Philip E. Keefer, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, Justin Yifu Lin, Mingxing
Liu, Jeffrey Livingston, Patrick Meagher, Dilip Mookherjee, Ambar Narayan, Adnan
Qadir, Ran Tao, Tara Vishwanath, Martin Wittenberg

The MIT Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262524544
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
07/21/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
374
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.75(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

1The rise of local governments : an overview1
2Inequality and innovation : decentralization as an opportunity structure in Brazil53
3Decentralization, democratic transition, and local governance in Indonesia81
4Decentralizing Bolivia : local government in the jungle125
5What difference does a constitutional amendment make? : the 1994 Panchayati Raj Act and the attempt to revitalize rural local government in India153
6Decentralization in West Bengal : origins, functioning, and impact203
7Decentralization in Uganda223
8Local government reform in Pakistan : context, content, and causes257
9Decentralization in Pakistan : are local governments likely to be more accountable than central government?285
10Decentralization and local governance in China's economic transition305
11Decentralization in South Africa329

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