The Decentralization of Forest Governance: Politics, Economics and the Fight for Control of Forests in Indonesian Borneo

The Decentralization of Forest Governance: Politics, Economics and the Fight for Control of Forests in Indonesian Borneo

by Moira Moeliono
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1844075869

ISBN-13: 9781844075867

Pub. Date: 12/28/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

'This book provides an excellent overview of more than a decade of transformation in a forest landscape where the interests of local people, extractive industries and globally important biodiversity are in conflict. The studies assembled here teach us that plans and strategies are fine but, in the real world of the forest frontier, conservation must be based upon

Overview

'This book provides an excellent overview of more than a decade of transformation in a forest landscape where the interests of local people, extractive industries and globally important biodiversity are in conflict. The studies assembled here teach us that plans and strategies are fine but, in the real world of the forest frontier, conservation must be based upon negotiation, social learning and an ability to muddle through.'
Jeffrey Sayer, senior scientific adviser, Forest Conservation Programme IUCN - International Union for of Nature

The devolution of control over the world's forests from national or state and provincial level governments to local control is an ongoing global trend that deeply affects all aspects of forest management, conservation of biodiversity, control over resources, wealth distribution and livelihoods. This powerful new book from leading experts provides an in-depth account of how trends towards increased local governance are shifting control over natural resource management from the state to local societies, and the implications of this control for social justice and the environment.

The book is based on ten years of work by a team of researchers in Malinau, Indonesian Borneo, one of the world's richest forest areas. The first part of the book sets the larger context of decentralization's impact on power struggles between the state and society. The authors then cover in detail how the devolution process has occurred in Malinau, the policy context, struggles and conflicts and how Malinau has organized itself. The third part of the book looks at the broader issues of property relations, conflict, local governance and political participation associated with decentralization in Malinau. Importantly, it draws out the salient points for other international contexts including the important determination that 'local political alliances', especially among ethnic minorities, are taking on greater prominence and creating new opportunities to influence forest policy in the world's richest forests from the ground up.

This is top-level research for academics and professionals working on forestry, natural resource management, policy and resource economics worldwide.

Published with CIFOR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844075867
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/28/2008
Series:
Earthscan Forest Library Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes ix

List of Contributors xiii

Introduction xv

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xix

Part I Theoretical and Contextual Background

1 Between State and Society: Decentralization in Indonesia Eva Wollenberg Moira Moeliono Godwin Limberg 3

States and societies 3

Decentralization 4

Indonesia's transformation 7

2 The Geography of Malinau Moira Moeliono Godwin Limberg 25

Topography, soils and climate 26

The forest resources of Malinau 28

A short history 30

People and conflict 32

Livelihoods 34

3 The Cultural Politics of Collaboration to Control and Access Forest Resources in Malinau, East Kalimantan Steve Rhee 43

Introduction 43

Brief history of interethnic relations in Malinau 44

Stakeholders or identities in the district of Malinau 45

District government as a microcosm of broader ethnic tensions and power struggles 50

District government initiatives to consolidate control and power: Bringing government closer to keep people farther away 51

Villagers' relations to district government: Access and accountability couched in networks of patronge 53

Conclusions 54

4 Biodiversity, Landscapes and Livelihoods: A Local Perspective Douglas Sheil Miriam van Heist Nining Liswanti Imam Basuki Meilinda Wan the help of the people of Paya Seturan Long Lake Punan Rian Langap Laban Nyarit Jong Jalan Liu Mutai|dGong Solok 61

The need for conservation in Borneo 61

The need to gauge local perceptions 62

Local perceptions 66

The importance of plants 73

The importance of the forest 75

A closer look at the respective value categories 76

On plantation developments 83

Local choices for local actions84

Conclusions 85

Part II Small-scale Timber Harvesting in Malinau

5 Impact of Small Timber Harvest Permits on Villages in the Malinau Watershed Godwin Limberg 91

Development of IPPK in the Malinau watershed 91

What did villages get out of it? 95

What lessons have been learned? 103

What does this mean for the future? 106

6 Who, How and for What? Negotiations and Outcomes from IPPK Agreements between Communities and Brokers in Malinau Charles Palmer 109

Research methods 110

The organization of negotiation in Malinau 110

Themes in the organization of negotiations 112

Negotiated outcomes: What were the communities negotiating for? 125

Actual outcomes from IPPK agreements 128

Discussion 130

Conclusions 133

7 The Effect of IPPKs on Household Livelihoods in Malinau District, East Kalimantan Kewin Kamelarczyk Uffe Strandby 139

Introduction 139

Study locations 141

Research methods 144

Discussion 159

Conclusions 168

8 A Comparison of Damage Due to Logging under Different Forms of Resource Access in East Kalimantan, Indonesia Haris Iskandar Laura K. Snook Takeshi Toma Kenneth G. MacDicken Markku Kanninen 173

Introduction 173

Study sites 174

Methods 176

Results 177

Discussion 184

Conclusions 189

9 Tane' Olen as an Alternative for Forest Management: Further Developments in Setulang village, East Kalimantan Ramses Iwan Godwin Limberg 193

Setulang village 193

Development of the Tane' Olen 194

How the villagers fought for Tane' Olen 195

New developments around the Tane' Olen 201

Part III Other Developments Driven by Decentralization

10 Winners Take All: Understanding Forest Conflict in the Era of Decentralization in Indonesia Made Sudana 207

Introduction 207

Methodology 208

Conflict before and after decentralization 208

General patterns 213

The role of local government 214

Conflict analysis 216

Uncertain claims 217

Conclusions 218

11 Tenure and Adat in Malinau Moira Moelino Godwin Limberg 221

The national and legal context 222

De facto land tenure and the role of adat 224

Land-use planning 229

The Punan of Malinau and claims to land 232

Conclusions: Disconnects of policy 233

12 The Realpolitik of Village Representation and Participation Eva Wollenberg 241

Introduction 241

The contradictions of representation and participation 242

Decentralization policies 245

Representation and participation in practice 246

Conclusions 258

13 New Experiments Shaping Government and Society Interactions Moira Moeliono Godwin Limberg 263

Local government in Malinau and incentives to address poverty 264

From timber harvest (IPPK) to sustainable forest management? 269

Conservation district 271

Agreements 275

Conclusions 276

14 Riding the Rapids: Synthesis and Conclusion Eva Wollenberg Moira Moeliono Godwin Limberg 281

Energing local political orders 282

Impacts upon marginalized groups 287

Impacts upon forest management and the forest 293

Looking forward 296

Index 299

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