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These proceedings summarize the results of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on water security. Multiple, disparate threats to water security exist. Decision support structures that provide effective means for avoiding and responding to potential or actual situations exist or are under development. Water resources are essential to security. A sufficient quantity of water of acceptable quality is needed to provide for health, welfare, and ecosystem integrity. The extremes of too much water, as with hurricanes, tsunamis or floods, or too little, as with droughts or over-exploitation, present water security concerns.
The goal of the workshop was to explore the relationship of decision support and environmental informatics as complementary tools to improve water security. Objectives included the evaluation of “lessons learned” from recent natural disasters (hurricanes, tsunami, etc.) and the delineation of how the use of state-of-science tools improves water security in relation to natural disasters and intentional threats. These proceedings include papers on (1) catastrophic events like the 2004 South Asian tsunami, hurricane Katrina, and chronic threats of floods, (2) anthropogenic threats to water security (either intentional as in a terrorist threat or unintended as in an unwanted consequence of economic or cultural activity,) and (3) decision support tools.
Participants.- Preface.- Acknowledgements.- Introduction.-
Part I: Natural Stessors and Catastrophic Events.- Impacts of the 2004 Tsunami and Subsequent Water Restorations Actions in Sri Lanka; T. Illangasekare et al.- Hurricane Katrina; D. Reible.- Sustainable Water Management and Flood Protection Practices in Bulgaria; P. Gramatikov.- Climate Changes on Natural Hazards and Water Resources; D.W. Hyndman.-
Part II: Antropogenic Stressors.- Mapping of Floods at the Slovak-Austrian Section of the Morava River – Tool to Improve Decision Support in Crisis Situation; M. Lukac et al.- Drinking Water Security and Health in Transylvania, Romania; A.E. Gurzau.- Strategies for the Sustainable Development in the Danube Delta in Romania, Ukraine and Moldava; L.D. Galatchi.- A Database Application Integrated with GIS as a Decision Support Tool for Potentially Polluted Sites Management as well as an Overall Water Management; T. Lánczos.- Feasibility of Early and Emergency Warning Systems for Safeguarding the Transboundary Waters of Armenia; V. Tserunyan.-
Part III: Decision Support Tools.- Water Management in Croatia: What is at Risk; D. Geres.- Water Resources Management Problems in South Caucas Region; M. Ghazaryan.- Geoinformation Support for Water Disaster Situation; J. Hrebicek et al.- Incorporation of the Critical Infrastructure Management into the DSS on Strategic Water Supply System Management; P. Banovec et al.- Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment using Physical Principles of Contamination Spreading; P. Malik, S. Vojtkova.- Multiple Criteria Decision Making and Environmental Security; N. Bobylev.- Service-Oriented Decision Support Governance; J. Pavlovic.- An Examination of Ecological Risk Assessment at Landscape Scale and the Management Plan; A. Kaplan, S. Hepcan.