Decisive Encounters: The Chinese Civil War, 1946-1950

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The Chinese Civil War was one of the key conflicts of the twentieth century. The Communist victory determined Chinese history for several generations, and defined international relations in East Asia during the Cold War and after. Despite its importance and scope—its battles were the largest military engagements since World War II—until now remarkably little has been known about the war, and even less about its effects on the societies that suffered through it. This major new history of the Chinese Civil War attempts to answer two central questions: Why was the war fought? What were the immediate and the lasting results of the Communists’ victory?

Though the book highlights military matters, it also shows how campaigns were mounted alongside profound changes in politics, society, and culture—changes that ultimately contributed as much to the character of today’s China as did the major battles. By analyzing the war as an international conflict, the author explains why so much of the present legitimacy of the Beijing government derives from its successes during the late 1940s, and reveals how the antagonism between China and the United States was born.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Offers meticulous research, drawing on classic reports, recent memoirs, and scholarship in Chinese, Russian, and English based on archival research. . . . More important, [Westad] weaves a grand, sweeping epic of social, cultural, and economic conflict that includes but goes beyond political and military battles. . . . Highly recommended for academic libraries and collections in Chinese history."—Library Journal

"This remarkable survey of a crucial period of Chinese history deserves to be widely read."—Choice

"This book is of fundamental importance to understanding twentieth-century Chinese history, comparative revolution, and early Cold War history. Weaving together strands of military, social, political, and international history, Westad provides by far the best empirically grounded, multi-archival, and comprehensive nationwide analysis of how the Chinese Communist Party achieved victory in the Chinese Civil War of 1946-1950."—Journal of Cold War Studies

"Odd Arne Westad has written a key work on the civil-war period as well as an essential bibliographic starting point for further research."—The China Journal

"Decisive Encounters is a highly readable, comprehensive, and reliable account of a war whose importance we all know but which nonetheless has received little attention."—PACIFIC AFFAIRS

Library Journal
Americans too long viewed Mao's revolutionary victory of 1949 in Cold War terms, bemoaning "the loss of China." We have sorely lacked a book that tells the whole story, as the topic is huge and politically sensitive, sources are scattered around the world, and archives have been restricted. Westad (Brotherhood in Arms: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945-1963), an American-trained scholar of Norwegian origin now teaching in London, here offers meticulous research, drawing on classic reports, recent memoirs, and scholarship in Chinese, Russian, and English based on archival research (some of it his own). More important, he weaves a grand, sweeping epic of social, cultural, and economic conflict that includes but goes beyond political and military battles. Westad develops the personalities of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao while showing the significance of international politics, and he employs woodcut illustrations, eyewitness observations, and key documents to good effect. Westad shows us that this unifying conflict went beyond "civil war" to create a nation even now rooted in the 1940s. Highly recommended for academic libraries and collections in Chinese history.-Charles W. Hayford, Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780804744843
  • Publisher: Stanford University Press
  • Publication date: 3/21/2003
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 432
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Odd Arne Westad is a University Reader in International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Among his many books is Brothers in Arms: The Rise and Fall of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1945-1963 (Editor) (Stanford and Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998

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Table of Contents

A Note on Transliteration and Usage
Introduction 1
1 East Asian Cockpit: The Aftermath of World War II 17
2 Two Bridges: The Outbreak of Civil War 35
3 Takeovers: Resurrecting the Guomindang State 69
4 Adjusting Heaven: Communist Rule in the Provinces 107
5 Into the Cauldron: The Guomindang Offensives 147
6 The Turn: Battlefields of the North 181
7 The Chase: Crossing the Yangzi 215
8 To Tian'anmen: Constructing New China 259
9 To the Yalu River: New China and the World 297
Postscript: The Chinese Civil War Today 327
Notes 333
Studying the Chinese Civil War: A Brief Bibliography 383
Index 403
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