Decline of the Guru: The Academic Profession in Developing and Middle-Income Countries

Overview

The academic profession faces new challenges everywhere. The pressures of mass higher education, accountability, fiscal constraints, distance education and the new technologies, and changing attitudes concerning academic work have combined to place unprecedented strains on the professoriate. This book brings together some of the best analysts of the academic profession in a wide ranging comparative analysis of the changing academic workplace. The stress here is on middle income and developing countries, but the ...
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Overview

The academic profession faces new challenges everywhere. The pressures of mass higher education, accountability, fiscal constraints, distance education and the new technologies, and changing attitudes concerning academic work have combined to place unprecedented strains on the professoriate. This book brings together some of the best analysts of the academic profession in a wide ranging comparative analysis of the changing academic workplace. The stress here is on middle income and developing countries, but the issues discussed are relevant everywhere. This book, precisely because of its comparative and international perspective, is useful worldwide. Among the topics considered in the case study chapters are: the changing demographics of the academic profession, including the role of gender in the professoriate, new developments in academic appointments, including the terms of academic work, evaluation of professors, and the tenure system, external pressures on the academic profession, including demands for accountability and threats to academic freedom, the changing nature of academic work, including patterns of teaching and evaluation of students and increases in teaching responsibilities, the role of research in a changing academic environment, the impact of the new technologies and distance education, and future prospects for the professoriate.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312295912
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 5/2/2003
  • Pages: 348
  • Product dimensions: 5.74 (w) x 8.68 (h) x 0.95 (d)

Meet the Author

Philip G. Altbach is J. Donald Monan, SJ Professor of Higher Education and Director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College.

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Centers and Peripheries in the Academic Profession: The Special Challenges of Developing Countries 1
2 Big City Love: The Academic Workplace in Mexico 23
3 Universities and Professors in Argentina: Changes and Challenges 51
4 The Changing Academic Workplace in Brazil 75
5 The Academic Profession in China 107
6 The Academic Profession in Malaysia and Singapore: Between Bureaucratic and Corporate Cultures 135
7 The Changing Academic Workplace in Korea 167
8 The Fall of the Guru: The Decline of the Academic Profession in India 199
9 The Academic Workplace in Public Arab Gulf Universities 231
10 The Academic Workplace in a Changing Environment: The Nigerian Scene 271
11 Challenges and Pressures Facing the Academic Profession in South Africa 297
About the Authors 325
Index 329
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