Deduction: Introductory Symbolic Logic / Edition 2

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Deduction is an efficient and elegant presentation of classical first-order logic. It presents a truth tree system based on the work of Jeffrey, as well as a natural deduction system inspired by that of Kalish and Montague.

  • Efficient and elegant presentation of classical first-order logic.
  • Presents a truth tree system based on the work of Jeffrey, as well as a natural deduction system inspired by that of Kalish and Montague.
  • Contains detailed, yet accessible chapters on extensions and revisions of classical logic: modal logic, many-valued logic, fuzzy logic, intuitionistic logic, counterfactuals, deontic logic, common sense reasoning, and quantified modal logic.
  • Includes problem sets, designed to lead students gradually from easier to more difficult problems.

Further information and select answers to problems available here:

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Deduction is the best logic textbook on the market. It is modern, clean, elegant, sharp and direct. It is a perfect accompaniment to the most recent developments in philosophy and logic; in every sense the logic textbook for the twenty-first century.” Rick Benitez, University of Sydney
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780631227137
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/2/2002
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 762,267
  • Product dimensions: 6.05 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Daniel Bonevac is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of Reduction in the Abstract Sciences (1982), which received the Johnsonian Prize from The Journal of Philosophy, as well as The Art and Science of Logic (1990), Simple Logic (1999), and Worldly Wisdom (2001). He also edited Today's Moral Issues (fourth edition, 2002), Understanding Non-Western Philosophy (with Stephen Phillips, 1993), and Beyond the Western Tradition: Readings in Moral and Political Philosophy (with William Boon and Stephen Phillips, 1992).

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition..


1. Basic Concepts of Logic:.



Implication And Equivalence.

Logical Properties Of Sentences.


2. Sentences:.

The Language Of Sentential Logic.

Truth Functions.

A Sentential Language.



Truth Tables.

Truth Tables for Formulas.

Truth Tables for Argument Forms.

Implication, Equivalence and Satisfiability.

3. Truth Trees:.

Thinking Backwards.

Constructing Truth Trees.

Negation, Conjunction, and Disjunction.

The Conditional and Biconditional.

Other Applications.

4. Natural Deduction:.

Natural Deduction Systems.

Rules for Negation and Conjunction.

Rules for the Conditional and Biconditional.

Rules for Disjunction.

Derivable Rules.

5. Quantifiers:.

Constants and Quantifiers.

Categorical Sentence Forms.

Polyadic Predicates.

The Language Q.


6. Quantified Truth Trees:.

Rules for Quantifiers.



Constructing Interpretations from Trees.

7. Quantified Natural Deduction:.

Deduction Rules for Quantifiers.

Universal Proof.

Derived Rules for Quantifiers.

8. Identity And Function Symbols:.


Truth Tree Rules for Identity.

Deduction Rules for Identity.

Function Symbols.

9. Necessity:.


Modal Connectives.


Modal Truth Trees.

Other Tree Rules.

World Travelling.

Modal Deduction.

Other Modal Systems.

10. Between Truth And Falsehood:.

Vagueness And Presupposition.

Many-Valued Truth Tables.

Many-Valued Trees.

Many-Valued Deduction.

Fuzzy Logic.

Intuitionistic Logic.

11. Obligation:.

Deontic Connectives.

Deontic Truth Trees.

Deontic Deduction.

Moral and Practical Reasoning.

12. Counterfactuals:.

The Meaning of Counterfactuals.

Truth Tree Rules for Counterfactuals.

Deduction Rules for Counterfactuals.

Stalnaker's Semantics: System CS.

Lewis's Semantics: System CL.

13. Common-Sense Reasoning:.

When Good Arguments Go Bad.

Truth Trees.

Defeasible Deduction.

Defeasible Deontic Logic.

14. Quantifiers And Modality:.

Quantified S5.

Free Logic.



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