Defects and Geometry in Condensed Matter Physics

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Overview

Defects and geometrical patterns embedded in orderly arrays of atoms and molecules explain important everyday phenomena such as why soap is slippery, why steel is strong, and how a liquid crystal display device works. An understanding of how to pin vortex defects in superconductors is essential for applications such as magnetic levitation and improved magnetic resonance imaging devised for medical diagnosis. This book discusses the crucial role played by defects and geometry in disrupting order in solids, superconductors, superfluids, liquid crystals and polymers.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The book provides an admirable overview of Nelson's achievements and of their relation to other works." Physics Today

"This book exposes the common grounds of several apparently disconnected problems of actual relevance in condensed matter theory. This is an ambitious goal that the book accomplishes quite successfully.... The book by Dr. Nelson will be welcomed by the scientific community, and it is certainly a necessary item in the library of any condensed matter physicist working on this and related areas." Journal of Statistical Physics

"...his excellent surveys in the proceedings of summer schools, workshops, and conferences from 1983 to 1996. Defects and Geometry in Condensed Matter Physics is primarily a compilation (of Nelson's surveys)....It is valuable to have all these contributions collected in one volume." Physics Today

From The Critics
Based on nearly twenty years of contributions to various reviews, schools and workshops, Nelson (physics, Harvard U.) presents this graduate-level introductory text on defects and geometry in condensed matter physics. Coverage includes fluctuations, renormalization and universality; defect-mediated phase transitions; order, frustration and two-dimensional glass; the structure and statistical mechanics of three-dimensional glass; the statistical mechanics of crumpled membranes; defects in superfluids, superconductors and membranes; vortex-line fluctuations in superconductors from elementary quantum mechanics; correlations and transport in vortex liquids; and statistical mechanics of directed polymers. For graduate students in physics, physical chemistry and chemical engineering, as well as more advanced researchers. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521801591
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2012
  • Pages: 392
  • Product dimensions: 6.69 (w) x 9.61 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

David Nelson is Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics and Professor of Applied Physics at Harvard University. He received his Ph.D. in 1975 from Cornell University. His research focuses on collective effects in the physics of condensed matter, particularly on the interplay between fluctuations, geometry and statistical mechanics. In collaboration with his Harvard colleague, Bertrand I. Halperin, he is responsible for a theory of dislocation- and disclination-mediated melting in two dimensions. The prediction of Halperin and Nelson of a fourth 'hexatic' phase of matter, interposed between the usual solid and liquid phases, has now been confirmed in many experiments on thin films and bulk materials. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Fellow of the American Physical Society, David Nelson has been an A. P. Sloan Fellow, a Guggenheim Fellow and a Junior and Senior Fellow in the Harvard Society of Fellows. He is the recipient of a five-year MacArthur Prize Fellowship, the National Academy of Sciences Prize for Initiatives in Research, and the Harvard Ledlie Prize.

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Table of Contents

1. Fluctuations, renormalization and universality; 2. Defect mediated phase transitions; 3. Order, frustration; 4. The structure and statistical mechanics of glass; 5. The statistical mechanics of crumpled membranes; 6. Defects in superfluids, superconductors and membranes; 7. Vortex line fluctuations in superconductors from elementary quantum mechanics; 8. Correlations and transport in vortex liquids; 9. The statistical mechanics of directed polymers.

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