A Defense of Hume on Miracles

A Defense of Hume on Miracles

by Robert J. Fogelin
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0691122431

ISBN-13: 9780691122434

Pub. Date: 01/03/2005

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Since its publication in the mid-eighteenth century, Hume's discussion of miracles has been the target of severe and often ill-tempered attacks. In this book, one of our leading historians of philosophy offers a systematic response to these attacks.

Arguing that these criticisms have—from the very start—rested on misreadings, Robert Fogelin begins by

Overview

Since its publication in the mid-eighteenth century, Hume's discussion of miracles has been the target of severe and often ill-tempered attacks. In this book, one of our leading historians of philosophy offers a systematic response to these attacks.

Arguing that these criticisms have—from the very start—rested on misreadings, Robert Fogelin begins by providing a narrative of the way Hume's argument actually unfolds. What Hume's critics (and even some of his defenders) have failed to see is that Hume's primary argument depends on fixing the appropriate standards of evaluating testimony presented on behalf of a miracle. Given the definition of a miracle, Hume quite reasonably argues that the standards for evaluating such testimony must be extremely high. Hume then argues that, as a matter of fact, no testimony on behalf of a religious miracle has even come close to meeting the appropriate standards for acceptance. Fogelin illustrates that Hume's critics have consistently misunderstood the structure of this argument—and have saddled Hume with perfectly awful arguments not found in the text. He responds first to some early critics of Hume's argument and then to two recent critics, David Johnson and John Earman. Fogelin's goal, however, is not to "bash the bashers," but rather to show that Hume's treatment of miracles has a coherence, depth, and power that makes it still the best work on the subject.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691122434
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/03/2005
Series:
Princeton Monographs in Philosophy Series
Pages:
120
Product dimensions:
5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Abbreviations xiii
INTRODUCTION 1
CHAPTER 1. The Structur of Hume's Argument 4
CHAPTER 2. Two Recent Critics 32
CHAPTER 3. The Place of "Of Miracles" in Hume's Philosophy 54
APPENDIX 1. Hume's Curious Relationship to Tillotson 63
APPENDIX 2. "Of Miracles" 68
Notes 89
References 95
Index 97

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