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Defining John Bull demonstrates that caricature played a vital role in this redefinition of what it meant to be British. The public's increasing interest in political controversies meant that satirists turned their attention to individuals and the issues involved. This long reign was marked by political crises, both foreign and domestic and caricaturists responded with an outpouring of work that led the era to be called the 'golden age' of caricature. These multitudinous prints, produced in response to public demands and sensitive to public attitudes, indicate much more than simply what interested Britons during the late Georgian era.
In the face of domestic and foreign challenges that threatened to shake the very foundations of existing social and political structures, the public struggled to identify those ideals, qualities and characteristics that seemed to form the basis of British society and culture, and which were the bedrock upon which the British polity rested. During the course of this debate, the iconography used to depict it in graphic satire changed to reflect the redefinition of existing ideals. Caricature produced during the reign of George III expressed visually, new concepts of Britishness.
Contents: Caricature and the British public
Caricature and the Constitution, c. 1760-1788
Dissenters, levellers and revolutionaries
Britannia, John Bull and national identity
The rights of Englishmen
Majesty, morality and the monarchy
Caricatures and the British Polity
Index of caricatures.
About the Author:
: Tamara L. Hunt, Professor, Department of History, University of Southern Indiana, USA
|List of Illustrations|
|List of Abbreviations|
|1||Caricature and the British Public||1|
|2||Caricature and the Constitution, c. 1760-1788||23|
|3||Dissenters, Levellers and Revolutionaries||68|
|4||Britannia, John Bull and National Identity||121|
|5||The Rights of Englishmen||170|
|6||Majesty, Morality and the Monarchy||230|
|7||Caricatures and the British Polity||292|
|Index of Caricatures||426|