Defining Modernism: Baudelaire and Nietzsche on Romanticism, Modernity, Decadence and Wagner

Defining Modernism: Baudelaire and Nietzsche on Romanticism, Modernity, Decadence and Wagner

by Andrea Gogrof-Voorhees
     
 

Defining Modernism investigates the intellectual connections among three leading nineteenth-century European modernists - Baudelaire, Nietzsche, and Richard Wagner. Through a close reading of Baudelaire’s and Nietzsche’s essays on art and culture, Wagner’s role in the two writers’ attempts to define the radically new concept of

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Overview

Defining Modernism investigates the intellectual connections among three leading nineteenth-century European modernists - Baudelaire, Nietzsche, and Richard Wagner. Through a close reading of Baudelaire’s and Nietzsche’s essays on art and culture, Wagner’s role in the two writers’ attempts to define the radically new concept of «modernism» is elucidated. Gogröf-Voorhees explores the affinity between the two writers, which emerges from a juxtaposition of their formulations of the idea of a fractured, contradictory modernity that at once embraces, scatters, and reevaluates an entire constellation of ideas, including romanticism, pessimism, decadence, and nihilism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780820437934
Publisher:
Lang, Peter Publishing, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/01/2004
Series:
Studies in Literary Criticism and Theory
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
201

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Baudelaire
Ch. 1Romanticism and Modernity17
I"The Salon of 1845" and the Search for Originality17
II"The Salon of 1846" and Poetic Criticism20
IIIToward a New Romanticism25
IVCapturing Modernity: Some Theories33
VThe Impact of Stendhal39
VIThe Artist as the Painter of Modern Life42
Ch. 2Decadence53
IDandyism: Baudelaire, Foucault, and Camus53
IICritique of Progress in the Realm of the Arts: "The Universal Exhibition of 1855"61
IIIAttempt at a Re-evaluation of Decadence64
IVAgainst the Grain: Edgar Allen Poe67
VArtificiality78
Ch. 3Richard Wagner87
IWagner's Situation in France in 186087
IIBaudelaire's Letter89
IIIThe Essay on the Tannhauser92
Nietzsche
Ch. 4Romanticism and Modernity107
IThe Question of Romanticism in Nietzsche107
IIThe Birth of Tragedy: Communication and Concealment111
IIIThe Tragedy: Classical Versus Romantic118
IVDecline of Vitality: Critique of Modernity with Euripides and Socrates122
VThe Alexandrian Culture or the Illusion of Progress126
VIModern Life or the Unbearable Weight of Theoretical Knowledge131
Ch. 5Decadence143
IA Question of Perspectives143
IITwo Kinds of Pessimism147
IIIFrom Romantic Pessimism to Decadence: France153
IVTheory of Decadence158
Ch. 6Richard Wagner169
IA Collision of "Stars"169
IIA Question of Modern Optics174
IIINietzsche's Paradox179
Bibliography189
Index199

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