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Where is the line between instinct and free will in humans? How far can technology and medicine go to manipulate the brain? With every new discovery about the human mind, more and more questions emerge about the boundaries of consciousness, responsibility, and how far neuroscience research can go. The fledgling field of neuroethics has sought answers to these questions since the first formal neuroethics conference was held in 2002. This groundbreaking volume collects the expert and authoritative writings published since then that have laid the groundwork for this rapidly expanding debate.
Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science traverses the breadth of neuroethics, exploring six broad areas—including free will, moral responsibility, and legal responsibility; psychopharmacology; and brain injury and brain death—in thirty provocative articles. The scientific and ethical consequences of neuroscience research and technology are plumbed by leading thinkers and scientists, from Antonio Damasio’s “The Neural Basics of Social Behavior: Ethical Implications” to “Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function” by Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe. These and other in-depth chapters articulate the thought-provoking questions that emerge with every new scientific discovery and propose solutions that mediate between the freedom of scientific endeavor and the boundaries of ethical responsibility.
As science races toward a future that is marked by startling new possibilities for our bodies and minds, Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science is the definitive assessment of the ethical criteria guiding neuroscientists today.
Introduction by Walter Glannon
Part I. Foundational Issues
1. William Safire, Visions for a New Field of "Neuroethics"
2. Adina Roskies, Neuroethics for the New Millennium
3. Martha J. Farah, Emerging Ethical Issues in Neuroscience
4. Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe, Monitoring and
Manipulating Brain Function: New Neuroscience Technologies
and Their Ethical Implications
5. Donald Kennedy, Neuroscience and Neuroethics
Part II. Professional Obligation and Public Understanding
6. Colin Blakemore, From the "Public Understanding of Science"
to Scientists' Understanding of the Public
7. Alan I. Leshner, Ethical Issues in Taking Neuroscience Research
from Bench to Bedside
8. John Timpane, Models for the Neuroethical Debate in the
Part III. Neuroimaging
9. Judy Illes, Neuroethics in a New Era of Neuroimaging
10. Judy Illes, John E. Desmond, Lynn F. Huang, Thomas A. Raffin,
and Scott W. Atlas, Ethical and Practical Considerations in Managing
Incidental Findings in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
11. Jennifer Kulynych, Legal and Ethical Issues in Neuroimaging Research:
Human Subjects Protection, Medical Privacy, and the Public
Communication of Research Results
12. Alex Mamourian, Incidental Findings on Research Functional
MR Images: Should We Look?
13. Judy Illes and Eric Racine, Imaging or Imagining? A Neuroethics
Challenge Informed by Genetics
14. Lynette Reid and Francoise Baylis, Brains, Genes, and the
Making of the Self
Part IV. Free Will, Moral Reasoning, and Responsibility
15. Antonio Damasio, The Neural Basis of Social Behavior:
16. Patricia Smith Churchland, Neuroscience: Reflections on the
Neural Basis of Morality
17. Michael Gazzaniga, My Brain Made Me Do It
18. Stephen J. Morse, New Neuroscience, Old Problems: Legal
Implications of Brain Science
19. William D. Casebeer, Moral Cognition and Its Neural Constituents
20. Joshua Green, From Neural "Is" to Moral "Ought": What Are the
Moral Implications of Neuroscientific Moral Psychology?
Part V. Psychopharmacology
21. President's Council on Bioethics (Staff Working Paper),
Better Memories? The Promise of Perils of Pharmacological
22. Walter Glannon, Psychopharmacology and Memory
23. Arthur L. Caplan and Paul R. McHugh, Shall We Enhance?
24. Martha J. Farah, Judy Illes, Robert Cook-Deegan, Howard Gardner,
Eric Kandel, Patricia King, Erik Parens, Barbara Sahakian, and
Paul Root Wolpe, Neurocognitive Enhancement: What Can We Do and
What Should We Do?
25. Anjan Chatterjee, The Promise and Predicament of Cosmetic
Part VI. Brain Injury and Brain Death
26. Guy M. McKhann, Brain Death in an Age of Heroic Medicine
27. Joseph J. Fins, Constructing an Ethical Sterotaxy for Severe Brain
Injury: Balancing Risks, Benefits, and Access
28. Nicholas D. Schiff and Joseph J. Fins, Hope for "Comatose" Patients
29. Joseph J. Fins, Rethinking Disorders of Consciousness: New Research
and Its Implications
30. Steven Rose, Ethics in a Neurocentric World