Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science: Essential Readings in Neuroethics / Edition 1

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Overview

Where is the line between instinct and free will in humans? How far can technology and medicine go to manipulate the brain? With every new discovery about the human mind, more and more questions emerge about the boundaries of consciousness, responsibility, and how far neuroscience research can go. The fledgling field of neuroethics has sought answers to these questions since the first formal neuroethics conference was held in 2002. This groundbreaking volume collects the expert and authoritative writings published since then that have laid the groundwork for this rapidly expanding debate.

            Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science traverses the breadth of neuroethics, exploring six broad areas—including free will, moral responsibility, and legal responsibility; psychopharmacology; and brain injury and brain death—in thirty provocative articles. The scientific and ethical consequences of neuroscience research and technology are plumbed by leading thinkers and scientists, from Antonio Damasio’s “The Neural Basics of Social Behavior: Ethical Implications” to “Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function” by Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe. These and other in-depth chapters articulate the thought-provoking questions that emerge with every new scientific discovery and propose solutions that mediate between the freedom of scientific endeavor and the boundaries of ethical responsibility.

 

            As science races toward a future that is marked by startling new possibilities for our bodies and minds, Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science is the definitive assessment of the ethical criteria guiding neuroscientists today.

 

 

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Walter Glannon holds the Canada Research Chair in Biomedical Ethics and Ethical Theory at the University of Calgary in Alberta. He is the author of numerous papers and books, including Bioethics and the Brain, Biomedical Ethics, and Genes and Future People.

 

 

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

 

Introduction by Walter Glannon

 

Part I. Foundational Issues

          1. William Safire, Visions for a New Field of "Neuroethics"

          2. Adina Roskies, Neuroethics for the New Millennium

          3. Martha J. Farah, Emerging Ethical Issues in Neuroscience

          4. Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe, Monitoring and

              Manipulating Brain Function: New Neuroscience Technologies

              and Their Ethical Implications

          5. Donald Kennedy, Neuroscience and Neuroethics

 

Part II. Professional Obligation and Public Understanding

          6. Colin Blakemore, From the "Public Understanding of Science"

              to Scientists' Understanding of the Public

          7. Alan I. Leshner, Ethical Issues in Taking Neuroscience Research

              from Bench to Bedside 

          8. John Timpane, Models for the Neuroethical Debate in the

              Community

 

Part III. Neuroimaging

          9. Judy Illes, Neuroethics in a New Era of Neuroimaging

        10. Judy Illes, John E. Desmond, Lynn F. Huang, Thomas A. Raffin,

              and Scott W. Atlas, Ethical and Practical Considerations in Managing

              Incidental Findings in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

        11. Jennifer Kulynych, Legal and Ethical Issues in Neuroimaging Research:

              Human Subjects Protection, Medical Privacy, and the Public

              Communication of Research Results

        12. Alex Mamourian, Incidental Findings on Research Functional

              MR Images: Should We Look?

        13. Judy Illes and Eric Racine, Imaging or Imagining? A Neuroethics

              Challenge Informed by Genetics

        14. Lynette Reid and Francoise Baylis, Brains, Genes, and the

              Making of the Self

 

Part IV. Free Will, Moral Reasoning, and Responsibility

        15. Antonio Damasio, The Neural Basis of Social Behavior:

              Ethical Implications

        16. Patricia Smith Churchland, Neuroscience: Reflections on the

              Neural Basis of Morality

        17. Michael Gazzaniga, My Brain Made Me Do It

        18. Stephen J. Morse, New Neuroscience, Old Problems: Legal

              Implications of Brain Science

        19. William D. Casebeer, Moral Cognition and Its Neural Constituents

        20. Joshua Green, From Neural "Is" to Moral "Ought": What Are the

              Moral Implications of Neuroscientific Moral Psychology?

 

Part V. Psychopharmacology

        21. President's Council on Bioethics (Staff Working Paper),

              Better Memories? The Promise of Perils of Pharmacological

              Interventions

        22. Walter Glannon, Psychopharmacology and Memory

        23. Arthur L. Caplan and Paul R. McHugh, Shall We Enhance?

             A Debate

       24. Martha J. Farah, Judy Illes, Robert Cook-Deegan, Howard Gardner,

             Eric Kandel, Patricia King, Erik Parens, Barbara Sahakian, and

             Paul Root Wolpe, Neurocognitive Enhancement: What Can We Do and

             What Should We Do?

       25. Anjan Chatterjee, The Promise and Predicament of Cosmetic

             Neurology

 

Part VI. Brain Injury and Brain Death

       26. Guy M. McKhann, Brain Death in an Age of Heroic Medicine

       27. Joseph J. Fins, Constructing an Ethical Sterotaxy for Severe Brain

             Injury: Balancing Risks, Benefits, and Access

       28. Nicholas D. Schiff and Joseph J. Fins, Hope for "Comatose" Patients

       29. Joseph J. Fins, Rethinking Disorders of Consciousness: New Research

             and Its Implications

             

             Epilogue

 

       30. Steven Rose, Ethics in a Neurocentric World

            

             Further Reading

             Index

     

 

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