Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters / Edition 1

Hardcover (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
$115.30
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $104.50
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 27%)
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (5) from $104.50   
  • New (4) from $104.50   
  • Used (1) from $116.73   

Overview

Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of their principles of operation, selection, installation, and maintenance methods. This reference covers a broad range of issues concerning DDAs, including:

  • An overview of deflagration and detonation prevention and protection practices
  • An overview of combustion and flame propagation and how DDAs halt propagation
  • Deflagration and detonation flame arrester technology
  • Installation in process systems
  • Regulations, codes, and standards
  • Illustrative examples, calculations, and guidelines for DDA selection
  • Appendices, including a glossary, a flame arrester specification sheet for vendor quotation, and a listing of flame arrester manufacturers.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
With oversight from other members of the Institute's Center for Chemical Process Safety, Grossel offers safety guidelines for designing, installing, maintaining, and inspecting flame arrester systems to provide protection against deflagrations and detonations propagating through chemical process equipment, piping, and especially vent manifold systems. He discusses the combustion and explosion phenomena as they relate to such equipment; other methods for preventing propagating flames, such as venting, pressure containment, reducing oxidants, reducing combustible concentration, suppressing deflagration, and isolating equipment and piping. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816907915
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/15/2002
  • Series: A CCPS Concept Book Series , #2
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 232
  • Product dimensions: 6.44 (w) x 9.19 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

Acronyms and Abbreviations.

1. Introduction.

1.1 Intended Audience.

1.2 Why This Book Was Written.

1.3 What Is Covered in This Book.

1.4 What the Reader Should Learn From This Book.

1.5 Units of Measure.

2. History and State-of-the Art.

2.1 Historical Development of Flame Arresters.

2.2 Case Histories of Successful and Unsuccessful Applications of Flame Arresters.

2.2.1 Successful Applications.

2.2.2 Unsuccessful Applications.

2.3 Evolution of Standards and Codes.

2.3.1 United States.

2.3.2 Canada.

2.3.3 United Kingdom.

2.3.4 Europe and International.

2.4 Safety Concerns and Environmental Regulations: Tradeoffs and Conflicts.

2.5 References.

3. Overview of Deflagration and Detonation Prevention and Protection Practices.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters.

3.3 Deflagration Venting.

3.4 Oxidant Concentration Reduction.

3.5 Combustible Concentration Reduction.

3.6 Deflagration Suppression.

3.7 Deflagration Pressure Containment.

3.8 Equipment and Piping Isolation.

3.9 References.

4. Overview of Combustion and Flame Propagation Phenomena Related to DDAs.

4.1 Introduction to the Chemistry and Physics of Flame Propagation.

4.1.1 Combustion Chemistry and Thermodynamics.

4.1.2 Flammability Characteristics.

4.1.3 Decomposition Flames.

4.2 Dynamic of Flame Propagation.

4.2.1 Burning Velocity and Flame Speed.

4.2.2 Flame Acceleration and Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition (DDT).

4.2.3 Detonations.

4.3 Ignition and Quenching.

4.4 Theoretical Basis for Flame Arrester Design and Operation.

4.5 References.

5. Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arrester Technology.

5.1 Where Flame Arresters May Be Needed.

5.2 Types of Flame Arresters.

5.2.1 Introduction.

5.2.2 Crimped Metal Ribbon.

5.2.3 Parallel Plate.

5.2.4 Expanded Metal Cartridge.

5.2.5 Perforated Plate.

5.2.6 Wire Gauze.

5.2.7 Sintered Metal.

5.2.8 Ceramic Balls.

5.2.9 Metal Shot.

5.2.10 Hydraulic (Liquid Seal) Flame Arrester.

5.2.11 Packed Bed Flame Arrester.

5.2.12 Velocity Flame Stopper.

5.2.13 High Velocity Vent Valve.

5.2.14 Conservation Vent Valves as Flame Arresters.

5.3 Selection and Design Criteria/Considerations.

5.3.1 Classification According to NEC Groups and MESGs.

5.3.2 Reactions and Combustion Dynamics of Fast-Burning Gases.

5.3.3 Flame Propagation Direction.

5.3.4 Quenching Diameter, Quenching Length, and Flame Velocity.

5.3.5 Burnback Resistance.

5.3.6 Pressure Drop Limitations.

5.3.7 Fouling and Plugging Potential and Protection.

5.3.8 Unwanted Phases.

5.3.9 Material Selection Requirements.

5.3.10 Special Design Options.

5.3.11 System Constraints.

5.3.12 Mixture Composition.

5.3.13 Operating Temperature and Pressure.

5.3.14 Ignition Location.

5.3.15 Changes in Pipe Diameter.

5.3.16 Location and Orientation.

5.3.17 Reliability.

5.3.18 Monitoring and Instrumentation.

5.3.19 Inspection and Maintenance Requirements.

5.4 Special Applications.

5.4.1 Hydrogen.

5.4.2 Acetylene.

5.4.3 Ethylene Oxide.

5.5 Information  That Should Be Provided to Manufacturers.

5.6 References.

6. Installation in Process Systems.

6.1 Design Considerations with Respect to Other System Components.

6.2 Piping and Flame Arrester System Design Considerations.

6.3 Maintaining Reliability.

6.4 Optimum Location in System.

6.5 Supports for Static and Dynamic Forces.

6.6 References.

7. Inspection and Maintenance of Flame Arresters.

7.1 Need and Importance of Maintenance.

7.2 Mechanical Integrity Issues.

7.2.1 Inspection.

7.2.2 Current Maintenance Practices.

7.2.3 Documentation and Verification of Flame Arrester Maintenance.

7.3 Training and Competence Issues for Operating and Maintenance Personnel.

7.4 On-Stream Isolation and Switching of Parallel Spares.

7.5 Check List for Inspection.

7.6 References.

8. Regulations, Codes, and Standards.

8.1 Regulations, Codes, and Standards Summaries.

8.1.1 United States.

8.1.2 Canada.

8.1.3 United Kingdom.

8.1.4 Europe and International.

8.2 Comparison of Various Flame Arrester Standards and Codes.

8.3 Standards and Codes in Preparation.

8.4 References.

9. Illustrative Examples, Calculations, and Guidelines for DDA Selection.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Example 1-Protective Measures for a Vent Manifold System.

9.3 Example 2-Sizing of an End-of-Line Deflagration Flame Arrester.

9.4 Example 3-Calculation of Limiting Oxidant Concentration (LOC).

9.5 Example 4-Calculation of the LFL and UFL of Mixtures.

9.6 Example 5-Calculation of the MESG of Mixtures.

9.7 Determination If a DDT Can Occur.

9.8 Typical Locations in Process Systems.

9.9 List of Steps in the Selection of a DDA or Other Flame Propagation Control Method.

9.10 References.

10. Summary.

10.1 Status of DDA Technology.

10.2 Recommended Practices.

10.3 Why Flame Arresters Fail.

10.4 Future Technology Development.

10.5 References.

Appendix A. Flame Arrester Specification Sheet for Manufacturer Quotation.

Appendix B. List of Flame Arrester Manufacturers.

Appendix C. UL and FM Listings and Approvals.

Appendix D. Suggested Additional Reading.

Glossary.

Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)