Deforestation, Environment, And Sustainable Development

Overview

According to available estimates, forests cover more than one quarter of the world's total area. About sixty percent of these forests are situated in tropical countries. However, these forests are disappearing at a very fast pace. Between 1980 and 1995, an area larger than Mexico had been deforested. This accelerated destruction of forests poses a serious threat to the environmental and economic well-being of the earth. Several studies have demonstrated that natural forests are the single most important ...

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Overview

According to available estimates, forests cover more than one quarter of the world's total area. About sixty percent of these forests are situated in tropical countries. However, these forests are disappearing at a very fast pace. Between 1980 and 1995, an area larger than Mexico had been deforested. This accelerated destruction of forests poses a serious threat to the environmental and economic well-being of the earth. Several studies have demonstrated that natural forests are the single most important repository of terrestrial biological diversity—of ecosystems, species, and genetic resources. Forests also act as major carbon sinks, absorbing massive quantities of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Deforestation, according to these studies, is directly linked to adverse climate change, soil erosion, desertification, and water cycling. Until recently deforestation was deemed to be a local/national problem. However, increased awareness and scientific data have pointed out that the problem transcends national boundaries. Deforestation affects the entire earth's environment and economic development.

This collection of essays analyzes the forces responsible for deforestation, the governmental policies that effect this destruction and the roles multilateral aid agencies, NGOs, play in the environmental debate. The collection critically examines the principles and criteria suggested by forest-experts for a sustained economic growth vis-á-vis forest stewardship in Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. An invaluable resource for scholars, students, researchers, and policymakers involved with environmental and public policy issues.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Ten essays analyze the causes of deforestation in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Russian Federation, and the plans and policies being pursued by policy makers and administrators to meet the environmental and economic challenges posed by the rapid rate of deforestation. Topics include the role of the World Bank as one of the major players in economic development, the disappearing mangrove forest in Bangladesh, the impact of deforestation on soil erosion and natural disasters in China, the exploitation of natural resources in Amazonia forests by military developmentalists, and savannization in arid regions of Israel. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275969899
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/30/2001
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Meet the Author

DHIRENDRA K. VAJPEYI is Professor of Political Science at the University of Northern Iowa. He has authored, co-authored, and edited eleven books, including Technology and Development; Local Government and Politics in the Third World; Environmental Policies in the Third World; Water Resource Management; and Modernizing China.

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Introduction 1
2 The World Bank, Development, and the Fate of Forests 23
3 Deforestation in India: A Critical Assessment Using the Sustainable Development Framework 47
4 Human Ecology of Deforestation in Bangladesh 71
5 Deforestation in China 91
6 Deforestation in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia 111
7 Deforestation in Thailand: The Battle in Politics and Science 139
8 Deforestation, Environment, and Sustained Development in Latin America 155
9 Deforestation in Nigeria: The Pressures at the Grassroots Level 173
10 Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo and in Kenya 197
11 Ecological Approach for Afforestation in Arid Regions of the Northern Negev Desert, Israel 219
Selected Bibliography 239
Index 255
About the Editor and Contributors 259
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