Deixis in Narrative: A Cognitive Science Perspective

Deixis in Narrative: A Cognitive Science Perspective

5.0 1
by Judith F. Duchan
     
 

ISBN-10: 0805814620

ISBN-13: 9780805814620

Pub. Date: 04/28/1995

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This volume describes the theoretical and empirical results of a seven year collaborative effort of cognitive scientists to develop a computational model for narrative understanding. Disciplines represented include artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, communicative disorders, education, English, geography, linguistics, and philosophy. The book argues for

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Overview

This volume describes the theoretical and empirical results of a seven year collaborative effort of cognitive scientists to develop a computational model for narrative understanding. Disciplines represented include artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, communicative disorders, education, English, geography, linguistics, and philosophy. The book argues for an organized representational system — a Deictic Center (DC) — which is constructed by readers from language in a text combined with their world knowledge.

As readers approach a new text they need to gather and maintain information about who the participants are and where and when the events take place. This information plays a central role in understanding the narrative. The editors claim that readers maintain this information without explicit textual reminders by including it in their mental model of the story world.

Because of the centrality of the temporal, spatial, and character information in narratives, they developed their notion of a DC as a crucial part of the reader's mental model of the narrative. The events that carry the temporal and spatial core of the narrative are linguistically and conceptually constrained according to certain principles that can be relatively well defined. A narrative obviously unfolds one word, or one sentence, at a time. This volume suggests that cognitively a narrative usually unfolds one place and time at a time. This spatio-temporal location functions as part of the DC of the narrative. It is the "here" and "now" of the reader's "mind's eye" in the world of the story.

Organized into seven parts, this book describes the goal of the cognitive science project resulting in this volume, the methodological approaches taken, and the history of the collaborative effort. It provides a historical and theoretical background underlying the DC theory, including discussions of deixis in language and the nature of fiction. It goes on to outline the computational framework and how it is used to represent deixis in narrative, and details the linguistic devices implicated in the DC theory. Other subjects covered include: crosslinguistic indicators of subjectivity, psychological investigations of the use of deixis by children and adults as they process narratives, conversation, direction giving, implications for emerging literacy, and a narrator's experience in writing a short story.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780805814620
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
04/28/1995
Pages:
542
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)
Lexile:
1360L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Preface
Prologue: A Simple Exercise in Narrative Understanding
1Narrative Comprehension and the Role of Deictic Shift Theory3
2Deictic Shift Theory and the Poetics of Involvement in Narrative19
3A Cognitive-Phenomenological Theory of Fictional Narrative61
4An Introduction to a Computational Reader of Narratives79
5Cognition and Fiction107
6The Deictic Center: A Theory of Deixis in Narrative129
7Time in Narratives159
8Computational Representation of Space191
9Preschool Children's Introduction of Characters into Their Oral Stories: Evidence for Deictic Organization of First Narratives227
10Psychological Evidence That Linguistic Devices Are Used by Readers to Understand Spatial Deixis in Narrative Text243
11References in Narrative Text263
12Discourse Continuity and Perspective Taking287
13Experiential Versus Agentive Constructions in Korean Narrative309
14Anaphor in Subjective Contexts in Narrative Fiction325
15Recognizing Subjectivity and Identifying Subjective Characters in Third-Person Fictional Narrative341
16Expanding the Traditional Category of Deictic Elements: Interjections as Deictics359
17Wayfinding Directions as Discourse: Verbal Directions in English and Spanish387
18Deixis in Persuasive Texts Written by Bilinguals of Differing Degrees of Expertise407
19Narrative Structure in a Cognitive Framework421
20A Structural Analysis of a Fictional Narrative: "A Free Night," by Anne Maury Costello461
References487
Author Index507
Subject Index513

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Deixis in Narrative: A Cognitive Science Perspective 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Res. 1: map Res.2: roleplay Res.3: bios Res.4: fanfic pokemon storys Res.5: trainer name and pokemon team Res.6: favorite pokemon(can be more than one) Res.7: battle feild Res.8: pokemon league Res.9: challenges