Deja Dead: A Novel


The first Temperance Brennan novel in the “cleverly plotted and expertly maintained series” (The New York Times Book Review) from the #1 internationally bestselling thriller writer Kathy Reichs.

Her life is devoted to justice—even for those she never knew.

In the year since Temperance Brennan left behind a shaky marriage in North Carolina, work has often preempted her weekend plans to explore Quebec. When a female corpse is discovered ...

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Deja Dead (Temperance Brennan Series #1)

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The first Temperance Brennan novel in the “cleverly plotted and expertly maintained series” (The New York Times Book Review) from the #1 internationally bestselling thriller writer Kathy Reichs.

Her life is devoted to justice—even for those she never knew.

In the year since Temperance Brennan left behind a shaky marriage in North Carolina, work has often preempted her weekend plans to explore Quebec. When a female corpse is discovered meticulously dismembered and stashed in trash bags, Temperance detects an alarming pattern—and she plunges into a harrowing search for a killer. But her investigation is about to place those closest to her—her best friend and her own daughter—in mortal danger…

“A genius at building suspense” (Daily News, New York), Kathy Reichs’s Temperance Brennan books are ripe with intricate settings and memorable characters” (Milwaukee Journal Sentinel).

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Editorial Reviews

New Orleans Times-Picayune
With fast action, a great lead character, impeccable writing, [and] a perfect setting....Deja Dead is a keeper.
New York Newsday
Great, suspensful fun....A fascinating inside look at the workings of a coroner's office....Temperance Brennan is the real thing. That's because her creator, Kathy Reichs, is the real thing.
Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
With this assured and intelligent debut, Reichs introduces herself as a prodigious new talent in the crime game. Someone is murdering and dismembering women in Montreal, and forensic anthropologist Temperance "Tempe" Brennan, a middle-aged North Carolina transplant, is having a tough time convincing the Canadian version of the old boy network that the grizzly slayings are the work of a single killer. Since no one believes her theories, Tempe is left pretty much on her own to track the killer, following a trail that leads through demimondes of prostitution, religion and animal research. When a spreadsheet listing past victims and including Tempe's name is discovered in the home of a suspect, even the dyspeptic Constable Claudel is forced to admit that Tempe might be on the right track. Reichs handles the tension between Tempe and the men deftly, allowing the reader to despise their unfair treatment of her while understanding that an expert in such a field can be intimidating. A master of nimble phrasing, Reichs herself entertains readers even as she educates them in some of the finer points of forensics. Tempe is as comfortable negotiating the meaner streets of Montreal as she is talking about the myriad types of saws available to those with a penchant for dismembering their fellow human beings. The final confrontation scene is as gripping as anything in recent suspense fiction, and it is impossible not to like the vulnerable, observant and competent Tempe, who refreshingly admits to never having "gotten used to" the maggots that abandon corpses on the cutting table: "the seething blanket of pale yellow... dropping from the body to the table to the floor, in a slow but steady drizzle." FYI: Reichs, like her heroine, is a forensic anthropologist in North Carolina and Canada, and a professor.
Library Journal
A superb new writer introduces her intrepid heroine to crime fiction. Dr. Tempe Brennan, a trowel-packing forensic anthropologist from North Carolina, works in Montreal's Laboratoire de Médecine Légale examining recovered bodies to help police solve missing-persons cases and murders. It's clear to Tempe that the remains of several women killed and savagely mutilated point to a sadistic serial killer, but she can't convince the police. Determined to prevent more brutal deaths, she sleuths solo, tracking her quarry through Montreal's seedy underworld of hookers, where her anthropologist friend Gabby, doing her own scary research, is being stalked by a creep. Despite her ability to work among fetid, putrefying smells that "leap out and grab" and her "go-to-hell attitude" with seasoned cops, Tempe is as vulnerable as a soft Carolina morning. When a grinning skull is planted in her garden, her investigation turns personal and escalates to an intense and satisfying conclusion. Except for imparting an excess of lab information, Reichs, also a forensic anthropologist, drives the pace at a heady clip. A first-class writer, she dazzles readers with sensory imagery that is apt, fresh, and funny (e.g., "fingers felt cold and limp, like carrots kept too long in a cooler bin"). Recommended for all fiction collections, this read is sure to be in demand. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 5/1/97.]Molly Gorman, San Marino, Cal.
Kirkus Reviews
Dr. Temperance Brennan, the forensic anthropologist transplanted from North Carolina to Montreal, hopes the bones found at Le Grand Séminaire are too ancient to fall within her purview. No such luck. Not only has Isabelle Gagnon been recently and horribly killed, but Tempe's memory of another grisly discovery in a bunch of trash bags marks this death as the work of a sadistic serial killer who's far from finished. To catch this monster, Tempe and her colleagues at the Laboratoire de Médicine Légale take a long look at several sets of teeth, compare the traces left on human bone by different kinds of saws, and consider exactly what it means to find a bathroom plunger, or a statue of the Virgin Mary, inside a rotting rib cage. As a break from her exhaustive lab sessions, Tempe spars with Sgt. Luc Claudel, the homicide cop who has a problem with interfering women, and hangs out with her grad school friend Gabby Macaulay, whose study of the mating habits of prostitutes is bound to be more closely connected to Tempe's case than she realizes. Tempe is an appealing new heroine, and the forensic detail is gripping, but because Reichs—whose résumé sounds a lot like her heroine's—lacks the whiplash control of Patricia Cornwell at her best, the story seems overlong, overpeopled (more lifeless walk-ons than the phone book), and overwrought. (The hysterical scenes between Tempe and Gabby, who keeps babbling about the unspeakable secrets she just can't share with her old friend, are especially annoying.)

But readers ravenous for ghoulish detail and hints of unfathomable evil, spruced up by the modishly effective Quebec setting, will gobble this first course greedily and expect better-balanced nutrition next time.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781501122118
  • Publisher: Pocket Books
  • Publication date: 8/25/2015
  • Series: A Temperance Brennan Novel Series
  • Format: Mass Market Paperback
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 640

Meet the Author

Kathy Reichs

Kathy Reichs, like her character Dr. Temperance Brennan, is a forensic anthropologist, formerly for the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner in North Carolina and currently for the Laboratoire de sciences judiciaires et de médecine légale for the province of Quebec. A professor in the department of anthropology at the University of North Carolina in Charlotte, she is one of only ninety-nine forensic anthropologists ever certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. Reichs’s first book, Déjà Dead, catapulted her to fame when it became a New York Times bestseller and won the 1997 Arthur Ellis Award for Best First Novel. Her latest Temperance Brennan novel, Bones of the Lost, was an instant New York Times bestseller. Her website is

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    1. Also Known As:
      Kathleen J. Reichs (full name)
    2. Hometown:
      Charlotte, North Carolina and Montreal, Québec
    1. Education:
      B.A., American University, 1971; M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University
    2. Website:

Read an Excerpt

Déjà Dead

I WASN’T THINKING ABOUT THE MAN WHO’D BLOWN HIMSELF UP. Earlier I had. Now I was putting him together. Two sections of skull lay in front of me, and a third jutted from a sand-filled stainless steel bowl, the glue still drying on its reassembled fragments. Enough bone to confirm identity. The coroner would be pleased.

It was late afternoon, Thursday, June 2, 1994. While the glue set, my mind had gone truant. The knock that would break my reverie, tip my life off course, and alter my comprehension of the bounds of human depravity wouldn’t come for another ten minutes. I was enjoying my view of the St. Lawrence, the sole advantage of my cramped corner office. Somehow the sight of water has always rejuvenated me, especially when it flows rhythmically. Forget Golden Pond. I’m sure Freud could have run with that.

My thoughts meandered to the upcoming weekend. I had a trip to Quebec City in mind, but my plans were vague. I thought of visiting the Plains of Abraham, eating mussels and crepes, and buying trinkets from the street vendors. Escape in tourism. I’d been in Montreal a full year, working as forensic anthropologist for the province, but I hadn’t been up there yet, so it seemed like a good program. I needed a couple of days without skeletons, decomposed bodies, or corpses freshly dragged from the river.

Ideas come easily to me, enacting them comes harder. I usually let things go. Perhaps it’s an escape hatch, my way of allowing myself to double back and ease out the side door on a lot of my schemes. Irresolute about my social life, obsessive in my work.

I knew he was standing there before the knock. Though he moved quietly for a man of his bulk, the smell of old pipe tobacco gave him away. Pierre LaManche had been director of the Laboratoire de Médecine Légale for almost two decades. His visits to my office were never social, and I suspected that his news wouldn’t be good. LaManche tapped the door softly with his knuckles.

“Temperance?” It rhymed with France. He would not use the shortened version. Perhaps to his ear it just didn’t translate. Perhaps he’d had a bad experience in Arizona. He, alone, did not call me Tempe.

“Oui?” After months, it was automatic. I had arrived in Montreal thinking myself fluent in French, but I hadn’t counted on Le Français Québecois. I was learning, but slowly.

“I have just had a call.” He glanced at a pink telephone slip he was holding. Everything about his face was vertical, the lines and folds moving from high to low, paralleling the long, straight nose and ears. The plan was pure basset hound. It was a face that had probably looked old in youth, its arrangement only deepening with time. I couldn’t have guessed his age.

“Two Hydro-Quebec workers found some bones today.” He studied my face, which was not happy. His eyes returned to the pink paper.

“They are close to the site where the historic burials were found last summer,” he said in his proper, formal French. I’d never heard him use a contraction. No slang or police jargon. “You were there. It is probably more of the same. I need someone to go out there to confirm that this is not a coroner case.”

When he glanced up from the paper, the change in angle caused the furrows and creases to deepen, sucking in the afternoon light, as a black hole draws in matter. He made an attempt at a gaunt smile and four crevices veered north.

“You think it’s archaeological?” I was stalling. A scene search had not been in my pre-weekend plans. To leave the next day I still had to pick up the dry cleaning, do the laundry, stop at the pharmacy, pack, put oil in the car, and explain cat care to Winston, the caretaker at my building.

He nodded.

“Okay.” It was not okay.

He handed me the slip. “Do you want a squad car to take you there?”

I looked at him, trying hard for baleful. “No, I drove in today.” I read the address. It was close to home. “I’ll find it.”

He left as silently as he’d come. Pierre LaManche favored crepe-soled shoes, kept his pockets empty so nothing jangled or swished. Like a croc in a river he arrived and departed unannounced by auditory cues. Some of the staff found it unnerving.

I packed a set of coveralls in a backpack with my rubber boots, hoping I wouldn’t need either, and grabbed my laptop, briefcase, and the embroidered canteen cover that was serving as that season’s purse. I was still promising myself that I wouldn’t be back until Monday, but another voice in my head was intruding, insisting otherwise.

•   •   •

When summer arrives in Montreal it flounces in like a rumba dancer: all ruffles and bright cotton, with flashing thighs and sweat-slicked skin. It is a ribald celebration that begins in June and continues until September.

The season is embraced and relished. Life moves into the open. After the long, bleak winter, outdoor cafés reappear, cyclists and Rollerbladers compete for the bike paths, festivals follow quickly one after another on the streets, and crowds turn the sidewalks into swirling patterns.

How different summer on the St. Lawrence is from summer in my home state of North Carolina, where languid lounging on beach chairs, mountain porches, or suburban decks marks the season, and the lines between spring, summer, and fall are difficult to determine without a calendar. This brash vernal rebirth, more than the bitterness of winter, had surprised me my first year in the North, banishing the homesickness I’d felt during the long, dark cold.

These thoughts were drifting through my mind as I drove under the Jacques-Cartier Bridge and turned west onto Viger. I passed the Molson brewery, which sprawled along the river to my left, then the round tower of the Radio-Canada Building, and thought of the people trapped inside: occupants of industrial apiaries who undoubtedly craved release as much as I did. I imagined them studying the sunshine from behind glass rectangles, longing for boats and bikes and sneakers, checking their watches, bitten by June.

I rolled down the window and reached for the radio.

Gerry Boulet sang “Les Yeux du Cœur.” I translated automatically in my mind. I could picture him, an intense man with dark eyes and a tangle of curls flying around his head, passionate about his music, dead at forty-four.

Historic burials. Every forensic anthropologist handles these cases. Old bones unearthed by dogs, construction workers, spring floods, grave diggers. The coroner’s office is the overseer of death in Quebec Province. If you die inappropriately, not under the care of a physician, not in bed, the coroner wants to know why. If your death threatens to take others along, the coroner wants to know that. The coroner demands an explanation of violent, unexpected, or untimely death, but persons long gone are of little interest. While their passings may once have cried out for justice, or heralded warning of an impending epidemic, the voices have been still for too long. Their antiquity established, these finds are turned over to the archaeologists. This promised to be such a case. Please.

I zigzagged through the logjam of downtown traffic, arriving within fifteen minutes at the address LaManche had given me. Le Grand Séminaire. A remnant of the vast holdings of the Catholic Church, Le Grand Séminaire occupies a large tract of land in the heart of Montreal. Centre-ville. Downtown. My neighborhood. The small, urban citadel endures as an island of green in a sea of high-rise cement, and stands as mute testimony to a once-powerful institution. Stone walls, complete with watchtowers, surround somber gray castles, carefully tended lawns, and open spaces gone wild.

In the glory days of the church, families sent their sons here by the thousands to train for the priesthood. Some still come, but their numbers are few. The larger buildings are now rented out and house schools and institutions more secular in mission where the Internet and fax machine replace Scripture and theological discourse as the working paradigm. Perhaps it’s a good metaphor for modern society. We’re too absorbed in communicating among ourselves to worry about an almighty architect.

I stopped on a small street opposite the seminary grounds and looked east along Sherbrooke, toward the portion of the property now leased by Le Collège de Montréal. Nothing unusual. I dropped an elbow out the window and peered in the opposite direction. The hot, dusty metal seared the skin on my inner arm, and I retracted it quickly, like a crab poked with a stick.

There they were. Juxtaposed incongruously against a medieval stone tower, I could see a blue-and-white patrol unit with POLICE-COMMUNAUTÉ URBAINE DE MONTRÉAL written on its side. It blocked the western entrance to the compound. A gray Hydro-Quebec truck was parked just ahead of it, ladders and equipment protruding like appendages to a space station. Near the truck a uniformed officer stood talking with two men in work clothes.

I turned left and slid into the westbound traffic on Sherbrooke, relieved to see no reporters. In Montreal an encounter with the press can be a double ordeal, since the media turn out in both French and English. I am not particularly gracious when badgered in one language. Under dual assault I can become downright surly.

LaManche was right. I’d come to these grounds the previous summer. I recalled the case—bones unearthed during the repair of a water main. Church property. Old cemetery. Coffin burials. Call the archaeologist. Case closed. Hopefully, this report would read the same.

As I maneuvered my Mazda ahead of the truck and parked, the three men stopped talking and looked in my direction. When I got out of the car the officer paused, as if thinking it over, then moved toward me. He was not smiling. At 4:15 P.M. it was probably past the end of his shift and he didn’t want to be there. Well, neither did I.

“You’ll have to move on, madame. You may not park here.” As he spoke he gestured with his hand, shooing me in the direction in which I was to depart. I could picture him clearing flies from potato salad with the same movement.

“I’m Dr. Brennan,” I said, slamming the Mazda door. “Laboratoire de Médecine Légale.”

“You’re the one from the coroner?” His tone would have made a KGB interrogator sound trusting.

“Yes. I’m the anthropologiste judiciaire.” Slowly, like a second-grade teacher. “I do the disinterments and the skeletal cases. I understand this may qualify for both?”

I handed him my ID. A small, brass rectangle above his shirt pocket identified him as Const. Groulx.

He looked at the photo, then at me. My appearance was not convincing. I’d planned to work on the skull reconstruction all day, and was dressed for glue. I was wearing faded brown jeans, a denim shirt, sleeves rolled to the elbows, Topsiders, no socks. Most of my hair was bound up in a barrette. The rest, having fought gravity and lost, spiraled limply around my face and down my neck. I was speckled with patches of dried Elmer’s. I must have looked more like a middle-aged mother forced to abandon a wallpaper project than a forensic anthropologist.

He studied the ID for a long time, then returned it without comment. I was obviously not what he wanted.

“Have you seen the remains?” I asked.

“No. I am securing the site.” He used a modified version of the hand flip to indicate the two men who stood watching us, conversation suspended.

“They found it. I called it in. They will lead you.”

I wondered if Constable Groulx was capable of a compound sentence. With another hand gesture, he indicated the workers once again.

“I will watch your car.”

I nodded but he was already turning away. The Hydro workers watched in silence as I approached. Both wore aviator shades, and the late afternoon sun shot orange beams off alternating lenses as one or the other moved his head. Their mustaches looped in identical upside-down U’s around their mouths.

The one on the left was the older of the two, a thin, dark man with the look of a rat terrier. He was glancing around nervously, his gaze bouncing from object to object, person to person, like a bee making sorties in and out of a peony blossom. His eyes kept darting to me, then quickly away, as if he feared contact with other eyes would commit him to something he’d later come to regret. He shifted his weight from foot to foot and hunched and unhunched his shoulders.

His partner was a much larger man with a long, lank ponytail and a weathered face. He smiled as I drew near, displaying gaps that once held teeth. I suspected he’d be the more loquacious of the two.

“Bonjour. Comment ça va?” The French equivalent of “Hi. How are you?”

“Bien. Bien.” Simultaneous head nods. Fine. Fine.

I identified myself, asked if they’d reported finding the bones. More nods.

“Tell me about it.” As I spoke I withdrew a small spiral notebook from my backpack, flipped back the cover, and clicked a ballpoint into readiness. I smiled encouragingly.

Ponytail spoke eagerly, his words racing out like children released for recess. He was enjoying the adventure. His French was heavily accented, the words running together and the endings swallowed in the fashion of the upriver Québecois. I had to listen carefully.

“We were clearing brush, it’s part of our job.” He pointed at overhead power lines, then did a sweep of the ground. “We must keep the lines clear.”

I nodded.

“When I got down into that trench over there”—he turned and pointed in the direction of a wooded area running the length of the property—“I smelled something funny.” He stopped, his eyes locked in the direction of the trees, arm extended, index finger piercing the air.


He turned back. “Well, not exactly funny.” He paused, sucking in his lower lip as he searched his personal lexicon for the right word. “Dead,” he said. “You know, dead?”

I waited for him to go on.

“You know, like an animal that crawls in somewhere and dies?” He gave a slight shrug of the shoulders as he said it, then looked at me for confirmation. I did know. I’m on a first-name basis with the odor of death. I nodded again.

“That’s what I thought. That a dog, or maybe a raccoon, died. So I started poking around in the brush with my rake, right where the smell was real strong. Sure enough, I found a bunch of bones.” Another shrug.

“Uh-huh.” I was beginning to get an uneasy feeling. Ancient burials don’t smell.

“So I called Gil over …” He looked to the older man for affirmation. Gil was staring at the ground. “… and we both started digging around in the leaves and stuff. What we found don’t look like no dog or raccoon to me.” As he said it he folded his arms across his chest, lowered his chin, and rocked back on his heels.

“Why is that?”

“Too big.” He rolled his tongue and used it to probe one of the gaps in his dental work. The tip appeared and disappeared between the teeth like a worm testing for daylight.

“Anything else?”

“What do you mean?” The worm withdrew.

“Did you find anything besides bones?”

“Yeah. That’s what don’t seem right.” He spread his arms wide, indicating a dimension with his hands. “There’s a big plastic sack around all this stuff, and …” He shrugged, turning his palms up and leaving the sentence unfinished.

“And?” My uneasiness was escalating.

“Une ventouse.” He said it quickly, embarrassed and excited at the same time. Gil was traveling with me, his apprehension matching mine. His eyes had left the ground and were roving in double time.

“A what?” I asked, thinking perhaps I’d misunderstood the word.

“Une ventouse. A plunger. For the bathroom.” He imitated its use, his body thrust forward, hands wrapped around an invisible handle, arms driving upward and downward. The macabre little pantomime was so out of context it was jarring.

Gil let out a “Sacré …” and locked his eyes back on to the earth. I just stared at him. This wasn’t right. I finished my notes and closed the spiral.

“Is it wet down there?” I didn’t really want to wear the boots and coveralls unless it was necessary.

“Nah,” he said, again looking to Gil for confirmation. Gil shook his head, eyes never leaving the dirt at his feet.

“Okay,” I said. “Let’s go.” I hoped that I appeared calmer than I felt.

Ponytail led the way across the grass and into the woods. We descended gradually into a small ravine, the trees and brush growing thicker as we approached the bottom. I followed into the thicket, taking the larger branches in my right hand as he bent them back for me, then handing them off to Gil. Still small branches tugged at my hair. The place smelled of damp earth, grass, and rotting leaves. Sunlight penetrated the foliage unevenly, dappling the ground with puzzle piece splotches. Here and there a beam found an opening and sliced straight through to the ground. Dust particles danced in the slanted shafts. Flying insects swarmed around my face and whined in my ears, and creepers grabbed my ankles.

At the bottom of the trench the worker stopped to get his bearings, then turned to the right. I followed, slapping at mosquitoes, handing off vegetation, squinting through clouds of gnats around my eyes, and the occasional loner that went straight for the cornea. Sweat beaded my lip and dampened my hair, plastering the escapee strands to my forehead and neck. I needn’t have worried about my dress or coiffure.

Fifteen yards from the corpse I no longer needed a guide. Blending with the loamy scent of woods and sunlight I detected the unmistakable smell of death. The odor of decomposing flesh is like no other, and it hung there in the warm afternoon air, faint but undeniable. Step by step, the sweet, fetid stench grew stronger, building in intensity like the whine of a locust, until it ceased blending, and overpowered all other smells. The aromas of moss and humus and pine and sky deferred to the rankness of rotting flesh.

Gil stopped and hung back at a discreet distance. The smell was enough. He didn’t need another look. Ten feet farther the younger man halted, turned, and wordlessly pointed to a small heap partially covered by leaves and debris. Flies buzzed and circled around it, like academics at a free buffet.

At the sight my stomach went into a tuck, and the voice in my head started in on “I told you so.” With growing dread, I placed my pack at the base of a tree, withdrew a pair of surgical gloves, and picked my way gingerly through the foliage. When I neared the mound I could see where the men had raked away the vegetation. What I saw confirmed my fears.

Protruding from the leaves and soil was an arcade of ribs, their ends curving upward like the framework of an embryonic boat. I bent down for a closer look. Flies whined in protest, the sun iridescent on their blue-green bodies. When I cleared more debris I could see that the ribs were held in place by a segment of spinal column.

Taking a deep breath, I eased on the latex gloves and began to remove handfuls of dead leaves and pine needles. As I exposed the backbone to the sunlight, a knot of startled beetles flew apart. The bugs disentangled themselves and scuttled outward, disappearing one by one over the vertebral edges.

Ignoring the insects, I continued to remove sediment. Slowly, carefully, I cleared an area approximately three feet square. In less than ten minutes I could see what Gil and his partner had discovered. Brushing hair from my face with a latexed hand, I leaned back on my heels and surveyed the emerging picture.

I looked at a partially skeletonized torso, the rib cage, backbone, and pelvis still connected by dried muscle and ligament. While connective tissue is stubborn, refusing to yield its hold on the joints for months or years, the brain and internal organs are not so tenacious. With the aid of bacteria and insects, they decompose quickly, sometimes in a matter of weeks.

I could see remnants of brown and desiccated tissue clinging to the thoracic and abdominal surfaces of the bones. As I squatted there, the flies buzzing and the sunlight dappling the woods around me, I knew two things with certainty. The torso was human, and it hadn’t been there long.

I knew also that its arrival in that place wasn’t by chance. The victim had been killed and dumped. The remains lay on a plastic bag, the common kitchen variety used for garbage. It was ripped open now, but I guessed the bag had been used to transport the torso. The head and limbs were missing, and I could see no personal effects or objects close by. Except one.

The bones of the pelvis encircled a bathroom plunger, its long wooden handle projecting upward like an inverted Popsicle stick, its red rubber cup pressed hard against the pelvic outlet. Its position suggested deliberate placement. Gruesome as the idea was, I didn’t believe the association was spurious.

I stood and looked around, my knees protesting the change to upright posture. I knew from experience that scavenging animals can drag body parts impressive distances. Dogs often hide them in areas of low brush, and burrowing animals drag small bones and teeth into underground holes. I brushed dirt from my hands and scanned the immediate vicinity, looking for likely routes.

Flies buzzed and a horn blared a million miles away on Sherbrooke. Memories of other woods, other graves, other bones skittered through my mind, like disconnected images from old movies. I stood absolutely still, searching, wholly alert. Finally, I sensed, more than saw, an irregularity in my surroundings. Like a sunbeam glinting off a mirror, it was gone before my neurons could form an image. An almost imperceptible flicker caused me to turn my head. Nothing. I held myself rigid, unsure if I’d really seen anything. I brushed the insects from my eyes and noticed that it was growing cooler.

Shit. I continued looking. A slight breeze lifted the damp curls around my face and stirred the leaves. Then I sensed it again. A suggestion of sunlight skipping off something. I took a few steps, unsure of the source, and stopped, every cell of my being intent on sunlight and shadows. Nothing. Of course not, stupid. There can’t be anything over there. No flies.

Then I spotted it. The wind puffed gently, flicking over a shiny surface and causing a momentary ripple in the afternoon light. Not much, but it caught my eye. Hardly breathing, I went closer and looked down. I wasn’t surprised at what I saw. Here we go, I thought.

Peeking from a hollow in the roots of a yellow poplar was the corner of another plastic bag. A spray of buttercups ringed both the poplar and the bag, tiptoeing off in slender tendrils to disappear into the surrounding weeds. The bright yellow flowers looked like escapees from a Beatrix Potter illustration, the freshness of the blooms in stark contrast to what I knew lay hidden in the bag.

I approached the tree, twigs and leaves snapping beneath my feet. Bracing myself with one hand, I cleared enough plastic to get a grip, took firm hold, and pulled gently. No give. Rewrapping the plastic around my hand, I pulled harder, and felt the bag move. I could tell that its contents had substance. Insects whined in my face. Sweat trickled down my back. My heart drummed like the bass in a heavy metal band.

One more tug and the bag came free. I dragged it forward far enough to allow a view inside. Or maybe I just wanted it away from Ms. Potter’s flowers. Whatever it held was heavy, and I had little doubt what that would be. And I was right. As I disentangled the ends of the plastic, the smell of putrefaction was overwhelming. I unwound the edges and looked inside.

A human face stared out at me. Sealed off from the insects that hasten decomposition, the flesh had not fully rotted. But heat and moisture had altered the features, converting them into a death mask bearing scant resemblance to the person it had been. Two eyes, shriveled and constricted, peered out from under half-closed lids. The nose lay bent to one side, the nostrils compressed and flattened against a sunken cheek. The lips curled back, a grin for eternity with a set of perfect teeth. The flesh was pasty white, a blanched and soggy wrapper molding itself closely to the underlying bone. Framing the whole was a mass of dull red hair, the lusterless corkscrew curls plastered to the head by an ooze of liquefied brain tissue.

Shaken, I closed the bag. Remembering the Hydro workers, I glanced over to where I’d left them. The younger was watching me closely. His companion remained some distance behind, shoulders hunched, hands thrust deep into the pockets of his work pants.

Stripping off my gloves, I walked past them, out of the woods and back toward the CUM squad car. They said nothing, but I could hear them following, scraping and rustling in my wake.

Constable Groulx was leaning against his hood. He watched me approach but didn’t change position. I’d worked with more amiable individuals.

“May I use your radio?” I could be cool, too.

He pushed himself upright with both hands and circled the car to the driver’s side. Leaning in through the open window, he disengaged the mike and looked at me questioningly.

“Homicide,” I said.

He looked surprised, regretted it, and put through the call. “Section des homicides,” he said to the dispatcher. After the usual delays, transfers, and static, the voice of a detective came over the air.

“Claudel,” it said, sounding irritated.

Constable Groulx handed me the mike. I identified myself and gave my location. “I’ve got a homicide here,” I said. “Probable body dump. Probable female. Probable decapitation. You’d better get recovery out here right away.”

There was a long pause. No one was finding this good news.


I repeated what I’d said, asking Claudel to pass the word along to Pierre LaManche when he called the morgue. There would be nothing for the archaeologists this time.

I returned the mike to Groulx, who’d been listening to every word. I reminded him to get a full report from the two workers. He looked like a man who’d just been sentenced to ten to twenty. He knew he wouldn’t be going anywhere for some time. I wasn’t terribly sympathetic. I wouldn’t be sleeping in Quebec City this weekend. In fact, as I drove the few short blocks to my condo, I suspected that no one would be sleeping much for a long time. As things turned out, I was right. What I couldn’t know then was the full extent of the horror we were about to face.

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Table of Contents

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Interviews & Essays

On Thursday, August 21, welcomed Kathy Reichs, author of DÉJÀ DEAD.

Moderator: Hello and welcome to the Live Events Auditorium. This evening is pleased to host debut author and forensic anthropologist Kathy Reichs, who will be discussing her riveting thriller DÉJÀ DEAD. Welcome, Ms. Reichs! Thanks so much for joining us tonight!

Kathy Reichs: Nice to be here.

Colleen from Newark, DELAWARE: Hello, Ms. Reichs! How did you come up with the title of your book?

Kathy Reichs: I wanted a French word that English speakers would be familiar with. I also like the alliterative, the DÉJÀ DEAD sound. And my son suggested two short words looked good on a jacket.

pritchard from sarasota, fl: Hi! I really enjoyed DÉJÀ DEAD! You are better than Patricia Cornwell! Just curious, how similar is Kathy Reichs to DÉJÀ DEAD's main character Temperance Brennan? Just how different? Thanks for taking my question.

Kathy Reichs: Professionally similar, personally different. I'm having a beer right now. Professionally I'm a professor at UNC/ Charlotte and a forensic anthropologist who works in Quebec. I used bits and pieces of different cases in the story. Personally I'm very different from Tempe. I drink and she's a recovering alcoholic. Her personal problems are really her own. In the story she takes a lot more risks than I do. We share some of the same feelings about violence and concern/sadness for the victim.

Mike Henry from Long Island: What is the difference between a forensic anthropologist and a coroner? What exactly does a forensic anthropologist do?

Kathy Reichs: A coroner may or may not be a medical doctor. A medical examiner is a forensic pathologist. A forensic anthropologist specializes in bones. So the forensic anthropologist works on cases where a normal autopsy won't work. The body is too decomposed or burned or mummified or skeletonized.

CARTER from DETROIT, MI: What do the pins mean on the map of Montreal on the jacket of DÉJÀ DEAD?

Kathy Reichs: Body locations. There is a scene in which Tempe and Ryan place pins on a map to indicate where victims were found.

GIRLZ78 from AOL: Why did you decide to become a forensic anthropologist? Why didn't you go into the archeology or cultural anthropology, like Tempe's friend Gabby?

Kathy Reichs: I started out in bio-archeology. When police brought me cases, I found that I like the applied aspect -- solving a real problem -- which will effect people's lives. I studied all the courses that were relevant to it -- pathology, biomechanics. My dissertation, however, was archeological.

Gracia from Davidson, NC: Hello Dr. Reichs! How much of DÉJÀ DEAD is based on cases that you've worked on? Was there one particular case that inspired you to write this thriller? Are there cases throughout the book reminiscent of cases you've worked on?

Kathy Reichs: I taught at Davidson in the early 80s. The story draws on many many cases I worked on. It's a mix. DÉJÀ DEAD is really a mix of lots of different cases.

Lyle from New Orleans: It's almost a cliche. In pretty much every police drama or mystery inevitably someone is around a fresh crime scene, eating hotdogs or drinking cocoa around a bloody corpse. Does that ever really happen? Do people ever become so immune to a dead body that they can actually eat in front of it?

Kathy Reichs: I'd have to say yes. Especially if you are outside at a crime scene, you need coffee to keep you going. Or if it's very hot, you need something cold to keep you going. I've never seen anybody eat in the autopsy room, however. There are some pungent odors and it wouldn't be a smart thing to do from a health point of view.

Joelle Snyder from Pampano, FL: How fluent is your French? Living in Montreal, it must be pretty good. Do you feel more comfortable talking in French or in English? Have you yet to dream in French?

Kathy Reichs: I am more comfortable in English. I have dreamed in French and all my work here is in French, since I work for the government of Quebec.

John from Troy, NY: Good evening Kathy Reichs. Temperance Brennan is a great name. How did you come up with it? Is temperance evocative of the main character's former drinking problem?

Kathy Reichs: Actually I didn't notice that until I saw that pointed out in an article in Variety. In 1987 I taught a semester at sea -- that's a university ship that goes around the world. There was a student on the ship named Tempe. I liked the name. I have relatives in Troy, NY!

Justin from Ottawa, Canada: I received an advance copy of the book. I am really enjoying it. Do you have any favorite mystery authors?

Kathy Reichs: Yes. James Lee Burke. Robert Parker. Sara Paretsky. I was just in Ottawa. I taught a course at the RCMP.

Eric from Texas: People seem to be comparing you to patricia Cornwell, how do you feel about this?

Kathy Reichs: Flattered! I hope I can live up to the comparison. But her main character is a forensic pathologist. Tempe Brennan is a forensic anthropologist.

Amy G. from NYC: How do you feel about joining the "male genre" of detective fiction?

Kathy Reichs: Well, there are a lot of ladies out there now. Sue Grafton, Patricia Cornwell, Linda Fairstein, Elizabeth George, Faye Kellerman, Sarah Paretsky, Janet Evanovich. Perhaps we are taking over.

Sue from Doylestown, PA: How did DÉJÀ DEAD get published? Did you have a good agent, a good connection or was it sheer luck?

Kathy Reichs: I had no agent. My daughter had a friend at Scribner, so I sent it direct and they bought it. It was the first house I sent it to.

Joanna from Fresno: Is there one thing that you just can't get used to in your job as a forensic anthropologist?

Kathy Reichs: The hardest thing is seeing murdered children. I'll never get used to that.

Dickson from Columbia: Hello Kathy Reichs. Why didn't you set your novel in North Carolina instead of Montreal?

Kathy Reichs: The second book takes place partly in the Carolinas. Montreal is a wonderful city. It's close enough to be comfortable to Americans yet European enough to be exotic.

Liza from Seattle: Ms. Reichs I loved the book and I was wondering if and when you will be doing any bookstore appearances?

Kathy Reichs: I'll be in Seattle, either September 22 or 23. I'm not sure which bookstore, but I am doing bookstore appearances.

Karen Robinson from Salt Lake City: Have the film rights to DÉJÀ DEAD been optioned? Who would you like to play Tempe?

Kathy Reichs: We're not going to option the character yet. We are going to wait a while. I don't know who I would like to play Tempe. Who would you like to play Tempe?

Sherry from San Diego: Are you going to continue the romantic tension between Ryan and Brennan. I love that they always call each other by their last names.

Kathy Reichs: Ryan will be back in the second book. You'll have to wait and see. . .

Moderator: Thanks for joining us live in the Live Events Auditorium! Click on the red button above to submit your queries!! Ms. Reichs will be here for another half hour.

Kathy Reichs:

Matt from New York City: With all you do, as a professor at UNC, working for the state of North Carolina and also for the province of Quebec, how do you find the time to write?

Kathy Reichs: It's hard. I wrote the book on the days I didn't teach. I got up at 6 in the morning and I wrote for 3 hours before going to campus. And then weekends and vacations. It took 2 years.

Barker from S.Royalton, VT: Why did you decide to make Tempe Brennan a recovering alcoholic?

Kathy Reichs: I wanted to give the character texture, complexity. I wanted to make her imperfect, vulnerable but strong.

Lois from Brooklyn: What is the most unusual case that you've ever worked on in your career and a forensic anthropologist?

Kathy Reichs: I currently have a subpoena for a case involving a moose. Since it hasn't gone to trial, that's all I can say. Ask me again in two months.

Linda from Boston: There is a ton of tension between the despicable Detective Claudel and Tempe Brennan and most of it seems to stem from the fact that she's a woman. How prevalent is this attitude in your profession, or would you say it's more a cultural thing, a Canadian thing?

Kathy Reichs: I personally have not experienced those kinds of problems. I have heard stories suggesting it does exist in other places and in other specialties in the forensic sciences. I do not think it's a cultural thing. The law enforcement personnel that I work with have always been very appreciative.

Justin from Ottawa,Canada: When will the next book be out? Late next year?If you are back in Ottawa, you should stop by the airport bookstore to sign a few books. We already have a display up of DÉJÀ DEAD at the front of the store!

Kathy Reichs: I just came through the Montreal airport. Not a book in sight. I'll be in Ottawa on September 15. I hope to complete the second book next summer, so publication would be in the fall of 1999.

Raphael from Chico, NM: In your profession, do you find it hard not to get personally involved in the cases you are working on?

Kathy Reichs: With some cases it's difficult. It's hard to see violence and not have empathy for the victim and the victim's family.

Donna from Brighton, MA: Did you ever gross yourself out writing DÉJÀ DEAD? It is wonderful!! But how could you take reliving all that gore??!!

Kathy Reichs: I cracked myself up occasionally. When you see "the gore" on a daily basis, you become clinical. There's a human being -- no matter what condition they are in -- that deserves to be identified. That's your task and you focus on it.

Paula from Santa Monica: How do you think Tempe Brennan rates against Patricia Cornwell's Kay Scarpetta or Linda Fairstein's Alex Cooper? How does she "stack up" -- so to speak -- in comparison to those female protagonists? In my opinion, she is much more human and realistic -- someone I admired and could relate to. Thank you for taking my question, Ms. Reichs.

Kathy Reichs: I tried to make Tempe Brennan a strong heroine but one who also has vulnerabilities. I tried to make her a warm person, someone you might like to know. It's up to you to do the rating with regards to other characters.

Alex from Barnes & Noble Technical Support: How was the cover decided on? Did you and your editor have conflicting views on this topic? And if so how did you come to a conclusion?

Kathy Reichs: The art department -- John Fontana -- he designed the cover. There really wasn't any conflict. We all liked it. I like the tactile quality.

Cynthia Gray from Cedar Rapids, IA: Hello Kathy Reichs! Did you enjoy the process of writing DÉJÀ DEAD or did you find it difficult? How long did it take you to write it?

Kathy Reichs: It was both fun and difficult. My writing experience was exclusively academic writing. Fiction is very different. In some ways it's liberating, in some ways it's more constricting. You can't fall back on jargon as you might in a scholarly article. The book took 2 years.

Steven from Margate, NJ: Who do you like to read? Do you enjoy reading thrillers? Who were your literary influences?

Kathy Reichs: I like to read anyone who writes well, so it's hard to say who my literary influences were. I like Larry McMurtry, I like Pat Conroy. I'm about to start ANGELA'S ASHES. I just read John Douglas's books on profiling.

Kelly from Boulder: WHat was your writing process like? WHere did you write? How long did it take? Did you use a PC?

Kathy Reichs: Yes, I used a computer. I'm very logical, methodical in my writing. I do a chapter by chapter outline. I keep a plot file, a character file, a timeline file, etc.

Peter from SPRINGFIELD, IL: I LITERALLY COULDN'T PUT DÉJÀ DEAD DOWN! Now that you are published, do you think about writing some other form of literature -- maybe nonfiction?

Kathy Reichs: It's actually going the other direction. I've always done nonfiction. DÉJÀ DEAD was the new genre for me. I just did a case in Springfield, IL.

Audrey from Chicago: Will we be seeing Tempe Brennan again? When?

Kathy Reichs: Yes. The second book will be out in late 98 or 99. I hope the series continues for many books. I'll be in Chicago the 12th, 13th and 14th of September. Chicago, Evanston, and Winnetka bookstores.

Karry from Cape Cod: What did you discover about writing books that you had not anticipated?

Kathy Reichs: It can be very profitable. I hadn't anticipated that. And save your work. I had a major hard drive crash.

Robert Baker from Hartford: How careful did you outline your story line before you sat down to write? Were you surprised by anything about the final version of the book?

Kathy Reichs: I did a chapter by chapter, about one paragraph for each chapter. My original outline had 25 chapters. The final version had 44, so I did a lot of splitting and subdividing. The original chapter outline did not have the final 3 or 4 chapters. I knew where I was going and what the climax scene would be, but left that unstructured.

Laura from Columbus: I was so happy to see a strong female protagonist in DÉJÀ DEAD. Did you decide to create her as a female, or did it just work out that way?

Kathy Reichs: I absolutely set out to create a strong female protagonist.

Jane from Larchmont, NY: Will your book be translated into French?

Kathy Reichs: The book has been sold in 15 languages, including French.

Dave Bryant from Hanhattan: As a scientist and a writer, do you believe in the saying that writers HAVE to write? What would you do if you stopped writing?

Kathy Reichs: Science. I'd focus on science.

Moderator: Thanks so much for answering all of our questions here tonight! Best of luck on your future endeavors! Good night!

Kathy Reichs: Well, thank you for your interest. Good night.

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