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At a time when democracy appears to be universally acclaimed as the only acceptable form of government, it is all the more necessary to be clear about what democracy means. Democracy: A Reader provides a range of pivotal statements on this important topic from supporters and defenders as well as critics and skeptics.
Columbia University Press
PrefaceIntroduction: Democracy -- Triumph or Crisis?Part One: Traditional Affirmations of Democracy Introduction1. Pericles, Funeral Oration2. Aristotle, The Politics3. Niccoló Machiavelli, The Discourses4. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract6. James Madison (et al.), The Federalist Papers7. John Stuart Mill, Representative Government8. Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America9. The Putney Debates10. Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man11. The National Assembly of France, Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen12. Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address13. Joseph A. Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and DemocracyPart Two: Key Concepts Section 1: Freedom and AutonomyIntroduction14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract15. Immanuel Kant, On the Common Saying: 'This May Be True in Theory but It Does Not Apply in Practice'16. Benjamin Constant, The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with that of the Moderns17. Isaiah Berlin, Two Concepts of Liberty18. Robert Paul Wolff, In Defense of AnarchismSection 2: EqualityIntroduction19. John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government20. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract21. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality22. R. H. Tawney, Equality23. Bernard Williams, The Idea of EqualitySection 3: RepresentationIntroduction24. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social ContractSpeech at the Conclusion of the Poll, 3 November 177426. James Mill, Essay on Government27. Hannah Fenichel Pitkin, The Concept of Representation28. Anne Phillips, The Politics of Presence29. Iris Marion Young, Justice and the Politics of Difference30. Michael Bakunin, The Illusion of Universal Suffrage31. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Parliamentary IsolationSection 4: Majority RuleIntroduction32. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract33. Richard Wolheim, A Paradox in the Theory of Democracy34. John Stuart Mill, Representative Government35. Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America36. Giovanni Sartori, The Theory of Democracy Revisited37. Robert A. Dahl, Polyarchy, Participation and OppositionSection 5. CitizenshipIntroduction38. Aristotle, The Politics39. T. H. Marshall, Class, Citizenship and Social Development40. W. H. Sewell, Jr, Le Citoyen/La Citoyenne41. Will Kymlicka and Wayne Norman, The Return of the CitizenPart Three: Critiques of Democracy Section 6: Marxist and Socialist CritiquesIntroduction42. Karl Marx, On the Jewish Question43. Karl Marx, The Civil War in France44. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, The State and Revolution45. R. Miliband, Marxism and Politics46. C. B. Macpherson, Democratic Theory, Essays in RetrievalSection 7: Conservative, Elitist and Authoritarian CritiquesIntroduction47. Plato, The Republic48. Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France49. Roger Scruton, The Meaning of Conservatism50. Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism51. Carl Schmitt, The Concept of the Political52. Max Weber, Economy and Society53. Robert Michels, Political Parties54. Giovanni Sartori, Anti-Elitism Revisited55. Joseph A. Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and DemocracySection 8: Feminist CritiquesIntroduction56. Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman57. Diana Coole, Women in Political Theory58. Sheila Rowbotham, Feminism and Democracy59. Susan Mendus, Losing the Faith, Feminism and DemocracyPart Four: Contemporary Issues Section 9: Rational ChoiceIntroduction60. Amartya Sen, The Possibility of Social Choice61. Kenneth J. Arrow, Social Choice and Individual Values62. Anthony Downs, An Economic Theory of Democracy63. Brian Barry, Political Participation as Rational ActionSection 10: The MarketIntroduction64. F. A. Hayek, The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism65. Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom66. David Beetham, Liberal Democracy and the Limits of Democratization67. Hilary Wainwright, Arguments for a New LeftSection 11: NationalismIntroduction68. Ghia Nodia, Nationalism and Democracy69. David Miller, On Nationality70. John Schwarzmantel, The Concepts of the NationSection 12: MulticulturalismIntroduction71. Charles Taylor, The Dynamics of Democratic Exclusion72. Will Kymlicka, Multicultural Citizenship73. Iris Marion Young, Justice and the Politics of Difference74. Charles W. Mills, The Racial ContractSection 13: Beyond the WestIntroduction75. Amartya Sen, Democracy as a Universal Value76. Bhikhu Parekh, The Cultural Particularity of Liberal Democracy77. J. Silverstein, The Idea of Freedom in Burma78. Andrew J. Nathan, Chinese DemocracySection 14: ParticipationIntroduction79. Geraint Parry and George Moyser, More Participation, More Democracy?80. Benjamin R. Barber, Strong Democracy81. Hanna Fenichel Pitkin and Sara M. Shumer, On Participation82. Michael Walzer, A Day in the Life of a Socialist Citizen83. Bernard R. Berelson, Paul F. Lazarsfeld, and William N. McPhee, Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign84. Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic TheorySection 15: Civil SocietyIntroduction85: Jean L. Cohen and Andrew Arato, Civil Society and Political Theory86. Robert D. Putnam, Bowling Alone87. Paul Hirst, Associative Principles and Democratic ReformSection 16: DeliberationIntroduction88. Ricardo Blaug, New Developments in Deliberative Democracy89. B. Manin, On Legitimacy and Political Deliberation90. Jürgen Habermas, The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article91. J. S. Fishkin, The Dialogue of Justice: Toward a Self-Reflective SocietySection 17: The Future of DemocracyIntroduction92. Chantal Mouffe, Radical Democracy: Modern or Post-Modern?93. Barbara Epstein, Radical Democracy and Cultural Politics: What About Class? What About Political Power?94. John Stewart, Thinking Collectively in the Public Domain95. Barry N. Hague and Brian D. Loader, Digital Democracy: An IntroductionBibliography
Columbia University Press